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Kitty Campbell Laird Purdue University International Professional Communications Conference Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA 30, September, 2004 Aviation English: A Review of the Language of Civil Aviation Pilot Musician Sociolinguist ESL/EFL/ESP Instructor My Background

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Aviation English: A Review of the Language of Civil Aviation


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    1. Kitty Campbell Laird Purdue University International Professional Communications Conference Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA 30, September, 2004 Aviation English:A Review of the Language of Civil Aviation

    2. Pilot Musician Sociolinguist ESL/EFL/ESP Instructor My Background

    3. radiotelephony limitations(analog/simplex) communication protocol(expected turns and sequence) restricted phraseology(purpose built vs. natural language) Status of Aviation Communication

    4. English was not designated as an official language for aviation communication English-only was not mandated for aviation communication on a global scale English became the predominant lingua franca of aviation prescribed restricted phraseology of aviation English was similar to maritime “Seaspeak” History of Aviation Communication

    5. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)(United Nations Organization with 188 Member States, promotes standards in civil aviation) Civil Aviation Authority (CAA)(each country's regulatory agency, in the U.S. the Federal Aviation Administration or FAA) Aviation Organizations

    6. March 27, 1977: Tenerife (KLM/Pan Am) January 25, 1991: Cove Neck, NY (Avianca) December 20, 1997: Cali, Columbia (American) Major Language Related Accidents

    7. need for minimum English proficiency beyond restricted aviation phraseology cultural awareness regarding differences in varieties of English complications in negotiation of meaning due to regional and local variation special consideration of bilingual/multilingual airspace due to lack of situational awareness Concerns with Current System

    8. use of fair reproducable phraseology rating scale for English proficiency holistic descriptors for language performance proposed implementation by 2008 review of timeline feasibility in 2006 ICAO Initiatives

    9. ESP Aviation English test communicative competency test inter-rater reliability training Aviation English Proficency Metrics(proposed, but not yet established)

    10. Controller/Pilot DataLink (CPDLC) real-time speech recognizer/translator FANS (Future Air Navigation System) Technical System Improvements

    11. Air Navigation Service (ANS)(under government or private control) Air Traffic Management (ATM) system(implementation of standardized procedures) Air Traffic Services (ATS)(dispatch & weather/airline, state, or private) Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS)(conflict management) Current Technical Considerations

    12. cooperation between aviation industry & regulatory entities consensus in aviation communication and language policies wise implementation and standardization of technology global sensitivity to theinternational aviation community ConclusionsAviation communication depends upon:

    13. Kitty Campbell Laird Purdue University e-mail: Kitty@Purdue.edu Questions?