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Kitty Campbell Laird Purdue University International Professional Communications Conference Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA 30, September, 2004 Aviation English: A Review of the Language of Civil Aviation Pilot Musician Sociolinguist ESL/EFL/ESP Instructor My Background

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
Kitty Campbell Laird

Purdue University

International Professional Communications Conference

Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA

30, September, 2004

Aviation English:A Review of the Language of Civil Aviation
pilot musician sociolinguist esl efl esp instructor
Pilot

Musician

Sociolinguist

ESL/EFL/ESP Instructor

My Background
status of aviation communication

radiotelephony limitations(analog/simplex)

communication protocol(expected turns and sequence)

restricted phraseology(purpose built vs. natural language)

Status of Aviation Communication
history of aviation communication

English was not designated as an official language for aviation communication

English-only was not mandated for aviation communication on a global scale

English became the predominant lingua franca of aviation

prescribed restricted phraseology of aviation English was similar to maritime “Seaspeak”

History of Aviation Communication
aviation organizations

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)(United Nations Organization with 188 Member States, promotes standards in civil aviation)

Civil Aviation Authority (CAA)(each country's regulatory agency, in the U.S. the Federal Aviation Administration or FAA)

Aviation Organizations
slide6
March 27, 1977: Tenerife (KLM/Pan Am)

January 25, 1991: Cove Neck, NY (Avianca)

December 20, 1997: Cali, Columbia (American)

Major Language Related Accidents
concerns with current system

need for minimum English proficiency beyond restricted aviation phraseology

cultural awareness regarding differences in varieties of English

complications in negotiation of meaning due to regional and local variation

special consideration of bilingual/multilingual airspace due to lack of situational awareness

Concerns with Current System
icao initiatives

use of fair reproducable phraseology

rating scale for English proficiency

holistic descriptors for language performance

proposed implementation by 2008

review of timeline feasibility in 2006

ICAO Initiatives
esp aviation english test communicative competency test inter rater reliability training
ESP Aviation English test

communicative competency test

inter-rater reliability training

Aviation English Proficency Metrics(proposed, but not yet established)
slide10
Controller/Pilot DataLink (CPDLC)

real-time speech recognizer/translator

FANS (Future Air Navigation System)

Technical System Improvements
current technical considerations

Air Navigation Service (ANS)(under government or private control)

Air Traffic Management (ATM) system(implementation of standardized procedures)

Air Traffic Services (ATS)(dispatch & weather/airline, state, or private)

Airborne Collision Avoidance System (ACAS)(conflict management)

Current Technical Considerations
conclusions aviation communication depends upon

cooperation between aviation industry & regulatory entities

consensus in aviation communication and language policies

wise implementation and standardization of technology

global sensitivity to theinternational aviation community

ConclusionsAviation communication depends upon:
kitty campbell laird purdue university e mail kitty@purdue edu
Kitty Campbell Laird

Purdue University

e-mail: Kitty@Purdue.edu

Questions?