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ATC Phraseology. English as She Is Spoken. DPE Meeting. Communication & Runway Safety. Language of Aviation. What thoughts come to mind? English being the ICAO – prescribed official language of global aviation. The peculiar jargon unique to our preferred pastime. Language of Aviation.

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atc phraseology

ATC Phraseology

English as She Is Spoken

DPEMeeting

slide2
Communication &

Runway Safety

language of aviation
Language of Aviation

What thoughts come to mind?

  • English being the ICAO – prescribed official language of global aviation.
  • The peculiar jargon unique to our preferred pastime.
language of aviation1
Language of Aviation

The wonder and woe of language, though, is that even two people from the same cultural background — or a single household — can hear the same word or phrase and reach a different conclusion as to its meaning.

slide5
“The single, most important concept in pilot-controller communications is understanding”

AIM, Chapter 4,Section 2, para 4-2-1b

slide7

14 Fatalities

Quincy, IL November 11, 1996

slide8

“English as She is Spoken”

Words and Language

Movie trivia question

slide9
MOVIE TRIVIA QUESTION?

“WHAT WE’VE GOT HERE IS

FAILURE TO COMMUNICATE!”

slide11
What you say.

How you say it.

When you say it.

Where you say it.

Some facts about the English language.

consider these facts
Consider these facts:
  • Over 171,000 words.
  • About 3X as many as during Shakespeare’s Time.
consider these facts1
Consider these facts:

Over half of the books and most of the email in the world are in English.

One in every seven people on the planet can speak English.

slide16
There is no egg in eggplant,

nor pine in pineapple,

or ham in hamburger.

Sweet meats are candy, while sweet breads, which aren’t sweet, are meat.

words that sound the same are spelled the same pronounced the same
WORDS THAT SOUND THE SAME;ARE SPELLED THE SAME;PRONOUNCED THE SAME;

BUT…. HAVE TOTALLY DIFFERENT

MEANINGS!

noun or verb
Noun or Verb?

He could lead if he could get the lead out.

The farm was used to produceproduce.

The insurance was invalid for the invalid.

After a number of injections, my jaw got number.

slide19
If the plural of tooth is teeth, shouldn’t the plural of booth be beeth?

Why are boxing rings square?

slide20
If the teacher taught, why isn’t it true that the preacher praught?

If a vegetarian eats vegetables.–

What does a humanitarian eat?

slide21
IF OLIVE OIL IS MADE FROM OLIVES.

WHAT IS BABY OIL MADE FROM?

slide22
WHY DO THEY CALL THEM APARTMENTS…?

…WHEN THEY ARE ALL TOGETHER!

slide23
People drive on a parkway…

yet park in a driveway.

We have noses that run…

and feet that smell.

slide24
Words that are opposites, but when used in certain sentences mean the same.

How can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same?

slide25
IF BUTTON AND UNBUTTON,

AND TIE AND UNTIE ARE OPPOSITES.

WHY ARE LOOSEN AND UNLOOSEN THE SAME?

words that mean the same but are opposite in meaning depending on where or when you say it
Words that mean the same, but are opposite in meaning……depending on where or when you say it.
slide27

If you say “I apologize or “ I am sorry”.

They both mean the same thing…right?

What about talking to a widow at a funeral??

slide28

Why are wise men and wise guys opposites?

Overlook and oversee. Shouldn’t they mean the same?

While “quite a lot” and “quite a few are the same thing.

.

slide29
Why do you trust all of your money to someone who’s a broker?

Why is that when the stars are out they are “visible”, but when lights are out they are “invisible”?

slide30

QUESTION?

  • You are given the following ATC clearance:
  • N1234 right there, turn left.
  • or
  • N1234 make a left turn right there.
  • What word makes this clearance confusing and why?

ANSWER: Right

slide31
“I am”, is reputedly the shortest sentence in the English language.

Two words, two syllables, three letters one space, and one punctuation mark.

What is the longest sentence?

I do.

What word makes this quip funny?

webster s dictionary
WEBSTER’S DICTIONARY
  • Does not indicate a difference between the meaning for the word “COMPLETED”

and “FINISHED”

slide33

IF YOU MARRY THE RIGHT PERSON

YOUR LIFE IS SAID TO BE “COMPLETE”

IF YOU MARRY THE WRONG PERSON

YOUR LIFE IS “FINISHED”

IF YOUR MARRIED TO THE RIGHT PERSON

BUT CAUGHT WITH THE WRONG PERSON

YOUR LIFE IS COMPLETELY FINISHED

slide34
You don’t have change for a five, do you (?) (!)

YES, I DO NOT HAVE CHANGE FOR A FIVE!

BUT HOW DID YOU KNOW THAT I DIDN’T!

Statement or question?

slide36
THE ACCOUNTANT AT THE MUSIC STORE

RECORDS RECORDS OF THE RECORDS

diary of a pre scholl teacher
Diary of a Pre-Scholl Teacher

My five-year old students are learning to read. Yesterday one of them pointed at a picture in a zoo book and said,

“Look at this! It’s a frickin’ elephant!”

I took a deep breath, then asked…

”What did you call it?”

“It’s a frickin’ elephant! It says so on the picture!”

and so it does
And so it does…

" A f r i c a n Elephant "

Hooked on phonics! Ain't it wonderful?

communications
Communications

Effective pilot/controller communications are key to safe surface operations.

atc communications procedures
ATC Communications Procedures

Your initial transmission should contain these elements:

►Who you are calling

►Your call sign

►Where you are located on the airfield

►Acknowledgement of ATIS information and its current alpha code

►Your intentions, stated briefly

atc communications procedures1
ATC Communications Procedures
  • State your location whenever making initial contact with any tower or ground controller, regardless of whether you have previously stated your location to a different controller.
  • Use standard ATC phraseology at all times in order to facilitate clear and concise pilot/controller communications.
  • Focus on what ATC is instructing. Do not perform any non-essential tasks while communicating with ATC.
atc communications procedures2
ATC Communications Procedures
  • Read back all clearances/instructions to enter a specific runway, hold short of a runway, or “line up and wait.” Including your call sign.
  • In your transmission, include the runway designator and taxiway intersection when appropriate. Including your call sign.
  • Read back all runway assignments. Including your call sign.
atc communications procedures3
ATC Communications Procedures
  • Read back all takeoff and landing clearances, including the runway designator.Including your call sign.
  • If unfamiliar with the taxi routes at an airport, ask for progressive taxi instructions.
  • Clarify any misunderstanding or confusion concerning ATC instructions or clearances.
assumption mistake
“Assumption Mistake”
  • Hearing what we expect to hear is human tendency. Experience and skill cannot compensate for this natural perceptual limitation.
  • You can help avoid this mistake with active listening.
assumption mistake1
“Assumption Mistake”

The “assumption mistake” has numerous variations. Some examples of common mistakes include:

  • If any portion of the transmission is garbled or stepped on, do not assume that the unheard portion is irrelevant. Request that the transmission be repeated by stating “say again”.
assumption mistake2
“Assumption Mistake”

The “assumption mistake” has numerous variations. Some examples of common mistakes include:

  • If your call sign is not included in the transmission, don’t assume that the transmission is for you. Ask for clarification: “Was that for ...?”
  • Listen carefully. Don’t assume that a transmission is exactly what you expected.
slide47
Radio Technique

Listen

Think

summary
Summary

Words

What you say.

How you say it.

When you say it.

ATC Taxi clearance.

slide49

ATC: “N 1234 approaching the

intersection ahead, bear to the right”

N1234: “Roger, I Have

Him In Sight!

slide50
“I know that you believe you understand what I said….

But, I am not sure you realize

that what I said is not what I meant. “

slide51
WHEN I WIND UP MY WATCH I START IT,

BUT WHEN I WIND UP THIS TALK I

END IT !

slide53

Let’s Go Flying

“Remember Safety is No Accident”