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Andrew Jackson - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Andrew Jackson. Early Life. Andrew Jackson was born into a poor family in South Carolina. He fought in the American Revolution Became famous as the commander during the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812.

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Presentation Transcript
early life
Early Life
  • Andrew Jackson was born into a poor family in South Carolina.
  • He fought in the American Revolution
  • Became famous as the commander during the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812.
  • This battle did not need to get fought as the Treaty of Ghent had already been signed ending the war.
running for president
Running for president
  • Jackson ran for president against John Quincy Adams in 1824. He lost.
  • He ran against Adams again in 1828 and won.
  • Jackson said he represented the common man.
jackson as president
Jackson as president
  • Jackson hired the people who helped him get elected.
  • This became known as the “spoils system.”
jacksonian democracy
Jacksonian Democracy
  • Jackson promised to take care of the common people. This became known as Jacksonian Democracy.
  • The idea of spreading political power to the people and ensuring majority rule.
tariffs
Tariffs
  • Tariffs are taxes on imported goods.
  • Northerners liked the tariffs. The north had factories which benefited.
  • The South hated the tariffs. The tariffs raised the prices they paid for factory goods.
crisis over nullification
Crisis over Nullification
  • Southern states, especially South Carolina fought against the tariffs.
  • They said a state had the right to nullify, or reject, a federal law that it considers unconstitutional.
states rights
States’ Rights
  • South Carolina threatened to secede, or leave the United States if the tariff laws were enforced.
  • Jackson was furious. He said, “I will hang the first man of them I can get my hands on from the first tree I can find.”
  • South Carolina backed down and the crisis ended, but the tensions between the North and the South would remain.
the bank of the united states
The Bank of the United States
  • The Bank of the United States was the most powerful bank in the country.
  • It held government funds and issued money.
  • President Jackson disliked the bank.
  • He didn’t trust banks and thought the Bank of the United States had too much power.
  • Jackson set out to destroy the bank.
  • The people who opposed Jackson called him a tyrant saying that he wanted too much power.
indian issues
Indian Issues
  • Indians had been forced off their lands since the white man had come to America. They tried to adopt white man’s ways.
  • Sequoya – wrote a Cherokee alphabet
  • Cherokee had their own newspaper
  • Wore white man’s clothes
  • Wrote a constitution
  • None of this mattered
indian removal
Indian Removal
  • Gold was found on Cherokee land making it even more valuable to white settlers
  • Jackson called for the removal of the Cherokee off their lands.
  • This became known as the Indian Removal Act.
  • The Cherokee went to the Supreme Court over their removal and won, but Jackson ignored the ruling.
trail of tears
Trail of Tears
  • About 15,000 Cherokee were forced from their homes.
  • Thousands died on the way to Oklahoma.
  • This became known as the Trail of Tears.
andrew jackson political cartoons
Andrew Jackson political cartoons
  • Study the following four political cartoons of Andrew Jackson.
  • 1. Identify any people or objects seen in the cartoon.
  • 2. Identify the title of the cartoon as well as any words/dates listed.
  • 3. Describe any actions taking place in the cartoon.
  • 4. Explain the message of the cartoon