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The Coming of War. International and Domestic Events Prepare the New Nation for War. The Rise of Tecumseh. American settlers moving into Northwest territory British and Native Americans were there Much of the land was gained in the Treaty of Greenville

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the coming of war

The Coming of War

International and Domestic Events Prepare the New Nation for War

the rise of tecumseh
The Rise of Tecumseh
  • American settlers moving into Northwest territory
    • British and Native Americans were there
  • Much of the land was gained in the Treaty of Greenville
    • Native Americans never agreed to the treaty
  • British did not want to fight directly
    • Gave supplies and military aid to Native American tribes
the rise of tecumseh1
The Rise of Tecumseh
  • Tecumseh – Shawnee chief
    • Skilled military leader, good speaker
    • Wanted to unite all tribes in areas that Americans were trying to settle
  • Founded a village for followers near the Wabash and Tippecanoe Rivers
war on the frontier
War on the Frontier
  • William Henry Harrison – Governor of the Indiana Territory
    • Thought Tecumseh a threat to American power
    • Tecumseh refused to follow treaties – Harrison warned him not to resist the U.S.
  • Harrison raises an army and marches close to Tecumseh’s village while he’s not there
    • Battle of Tippecanoe – Nov. 7, 1811: started by Native Americans, who then retreat and have their village destroyed
the war debate
The War Debate

War Hawks

Opponents

  • Members of Congress who favor war with Britain
  • Thought British encouraged Tecumseh
  • War = chance to expand
    • Florida, Canada
  • Believed that NOT declaring war was the same as giving up independence
  • Strong support in South and West
  • Strongest = New England Federalists
    • Impressment and trade restrictions damaged business
    • Wanted to renew friendly business ties, not start another war
  • People would suffer – taxes, loss of life, etc.
  • U.S. not ready to fight Britain
    • Army and Navy were too small
declaration of war
Declaration of War
  • President James Madison
    • Elected 1808
    • Faced trade war – impressment of soldiers and violations of U.S. neutrality
    • Pressure from War Hawks
  • Madison – Britain was in “a state of war against the United States”
    • Allowed Congress to make the decision about going to war
    • Voted – decided to declare war on Great Britain
      • South and West vs. MidAtlantic and New England
  • Madison gets reelected a few months later
    • Serves as President over the War of 1812