Leading educating in the 21 st century
1 / 20

Leading & Educating in the 21 st Century - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Leading & Educating in the 21 st Century. Winona State University Travel Study Program 04.25.2012 Alex A. Erolin. Developments: Late 20 th century. Globalization F oreign trade & investment Technology Communication Mobility Demographic shift Communities Consumers Work force.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Leading & Educating in the 21 st Century' - benoit

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Leading educating in the 21 st century

Leading & Educating in the 21st Century

Winona State University

Travel Study Program


Alex A. Erolin

Developments late 20 th century
Developments: Late 20th century

  • Globalization

    • Foreign trade & investment

  • Technology

    • Communication

    • Mobility

  • Demographic shift

    • Communities

    • Consumers

    • Work force

U s demographics
U.S. Demographics

  • “Browning of America”

  • Census 2010

    • 33% ethnic minorities

    • 1.2% increase in non-Hispanic whites

    • 28.8 % increase in minority population

  • New entrants to US workforce (1988-2000)

    • 57% non-Hispanic whites

    • 43% non-whites and immigrants

  • 2042: minority will be the majority

Impact of changes
Impact of Changes

  • Diversity

    • Educators

      • Pedagogy/andragogy

      • Cultural mindsets

    • Business leaders

      • More competition

      • Product & services

      • Workforce

21 st century educator
21st Century Educator

  • Understand diverse communities

  • Connect with diverse population

  • Develop cross-cultural talent

  • Adapt pedagogic/andragogic style

  • Demonstrate respect

Cultural intelligence cq
Cultural Intelligence (CQ)

  • Global mindset

    • Able to experience one’s culture (values, beliefs, & behaviors) as “just one organization of reality among many viable possibilities” (Ethnorelativism)

  • Intercultural competence

    • Ability to shift cultural perspective and adapt behavior

      • Commonalities

      • Differences

Global mindset
Global Mindset





  • One’s beliefs and values are “central to reality” or “just the way things are”

    • Inability to differentiate among cultures

    • Judgmental orientation toward other cultures(“Us vs. Them”)

  • One’s beliefs and values are just one of many possible constructs of reality

    • Recognize relevance of cultural differences

    • Increased repertoire of cultural cognitive frameworks and ability to adapt appropriate behaviors

Diversity approaches
Diversity Approaches





Source: Dr. Mitch Hammer, PhD, IDI LLC. 2009

Integrating commonality difference
Integrating Commonality & Difference






Source: Dr. Mitch Hammer, PhD, IDI LLC. 2009

21 st century educators
21st Century Educators

  • Cultural transcenders

    • Ability to transcend cultural constraints

  • Multiculturalists

  • Global citizens

Intercultural competence
Intercultural Competence (IDI)

  • Milton J. Bennett, Developmental Model of Intercultural Competence (DMIS)

    • Developmental sequence of orientation toward cultural differences

    • Qualitative differences in how we experience other cultures

    • 6-stage model

  • Mitchell R. Hammer, Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI)

    • Instrument to assess an individual’s primary orientation.

    • Uses the first 5 stages of Bennett’s DMIS

Intercultural development continuum
Intercultural Development Continuum (IDI)


(mono-cultural mindset)


(intercultural mindset)

Source: Mitchell R. Hammer, Ph. D., 2009

Stages of intercultural development
Stages of Intercultural Development (IDI)

  • Ethnocentrism: one’s beliefs and values are “central to reality” or “just the way things are”

    • Denial: inability to differentiate national cultures

      • Disinterest

      • Avoidance

    • Polarization: judgmental orientation toward other cultures; “Us vs. Them”

      • Defense: uncritical view of one’s own cultural values/practices; overly critical of others’ cultural values/practices

      • Reversal: overly critical of one’s cultural values/practices; uncritical of others’ cultural values/practices

    • Minimization: may recognize commonalities and differences; but, emphasis is on commonalities

      • If from a dominant culture group, may lack cultural self-awareness

      • If from a minority culture group, may use as strategy of accommodation

  • Ethnorelativism: one’s beliefs and values are just one of the many possible constructs of reality

    • Acceptance: recognizes relevance of cultural differences but unclear how to adapt appropriately

    • Adaptation: increased repertoire of cultural cognitive frameworks; able to apply appropriate behaviors to bridge cultural commonalities and differences

Intercultural development inventory idi
Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI) the many possible constructs of reality

  • Captures developmental experience

  • Cross-culturally valid and reliable

    • Psychometric protocols

    • Over 4,500 respondents from a wide range of cultural backgrounds

  • 50-question assessment

  • Snapshot of predominant orientation

  • Not evaluative, but descriptive

    • Neither “good” nor “bad”

  • Informs an action plan for developing intercultural competence

Timeline the many possible constructs of reality

Completing the idi v 3 assessment
Completing the IDI v.3 Assessment the many possible constructs of reality

  • Online assessment

    • Link with access information will be sent to your email

  • Find some quiet and relaxed time

  • Allocate 30-45 minutes for the assessment

  • Answer as candidly as possible

    • Avoid over-analysis

  • Supplemental reading materials

    • To be emailed

the many possible constructs of realityVerite en-deçades Pyrenees, erreur au-dela.”

- Blaise Pascal

[There are truths on this side of the Pyrenees which are falsehoods on the other].

Thank you!

References the many possible constructs of reality

Bennett, M. J. (2004). Becoming interculturally competent. In J. S. Wurzel (Ed.), Toward multiculturalism: A reader in multicultural education. Newton, MA: Intercultural Resource Corporation.

Cohen, S. L. (2010). Effective global leadership requires a global mindset. Industrial and Commercial Training, 42(1), 3-10. doi:10.1108/00197851011013652.

Hammer, M. R., Bennett, M. J., & Wiseman, R. (2003). Measuring intercultural sensitivity: The intercultural development inventory. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 27, 421-443.

Javidan, M., Dorfman, P. W., de Luque, M. S., & House, R. J. (2006). In the eye of the beholder: Cross cultural lessons in leadership from Project GLOBE. Academy of Management, 67-90.

Livermore, D. (2010). Leading with cultural intelligence. New York: American Management Association.

McCuiston, V. E., & Wooldridge, B. R. (2004). Leading the diverse workforce: Profit, prospects and progress. The Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 25(1), 73-92. doi:10.1108/01437730410512787.

Nixon, J. C., & West, J. F. (2000). America addresses work force diversity. Business Forum, 15(1/2), 4-9.

Northouse, P. G. (2010). Leadership: Theory and practice (5th ed.). Los Angeles: Sage.

Perez, A. D. (2009). The changing racial and ethnic composition of the US population: Emerging American identities. Population and Development Review, 35(1), 1-51.

Russette, J. W., & Preziosi, R. (2008). Leadership across cultures. Academy of Strategic Management Journal, 7, 47-61.