1. Towards the end of the century many Americans believed government had grown too large, that it taxed too heavily and spent too much.
2. Incumbents are people currently holding office. Voters blamed them for the recession, the federal deficit, and government gridlock.
3. Some members of the House outraged the public by bouncing checks repeatedly at the House Bank.
4. The 27th Amendment was ratified in 1992. It prohibits any Congressional pay raise from taking effect until after the following election.
5. Another uproar followed President Bush’s nomination of Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court in 1991.
6. Anita Hill was a former coworker (law professor). She testified that Thomas had sexually harassed her.
7. Thomas was still confirmed to the Supreme Court.
8. Bill Clinton was the leading Democratic candidate in 1992. The press raised questions about his character because of his failure to serve in the Armed Forces during Vietnam.
9. Ross Perot fashioned a strong third-party challenge.
10. 104 million Americans went to the polls and voted in the 1992 election, the largest ever at that time.
11. Clinton: 43 million Bush: 38 million Electoral College: 370-168
12. 24 new woman members were elected to the House, and four won senate seats.
13. Clinton attempted to raise taxes when first elected.
14. Al Gore was Clinton’s Vice President.
15. Clinton and Gore called for greater and more efficient use of Computer Technology to sustain services with fewer workers.
16. A central goal for the administration was to set up a system of health care to provide for the 15% of Americans with no health insurance.
17. Hillary Clinton led this task force.
18. The new health care plan decreased Clinton’s popularity because it worried people about increased prices.
19. The Republicans “Contract With America” proposed lower taxes, stronger restrictions on immigration, tougher anti-crime laws, limits on congressional terms, balanced budget, and line-item veto.
20. Newt Gingrich became the new Speaker of the House.
21. Clinton forced Congress to restore and protect funds for education, job training, child care, environment, Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid.
22. Medicaid is health care for the poor.
23. Congress also increased the minimum wage as the President had requested.
24. Bob Dole was the Republican candidate chosen to run against Clinton in the 1996 election.
25. Clinton was accused of committing perjury and obstruction of justice for lying about his affair. He was acquitted because the offenses were not serious enough to merit removal from office.
1. The struggle between Communism and Democracy was virtually over, yet throughout the world, wars erupted over ethnic hatreds, political boundaries, and religion.
2. Clinton achieved his foreign policy goals through diplomacy or by applying economic pressures.
3. Whenever the prospect of using military forces arose, the President tried to work cooperatively through the United Nations and NATO.
4. 28,000 American troops were already in Somalia when Clinton took office because they were protecting deliveries of food to those starving, as part of a United Nations mission.
5. The Balkans are located on a peninsula in Southeastern Europe.
6. Yugoslavia was considered a multinational state because it had many different ethnic groups.
7. The republics of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Macedonia declared independence in 1991.
8. The Bosnian Serbs followed a policy of genocide against Muslims and Croats.