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Free Expression in Asian Cyberspace Manila - April 19-21, 2006 The Law Terrorism and national security laws affecting pr PowerPoint Presentation
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Free Expression in Asian Cyberspace Manila - April 19-21, 2006 The Law Terrorism and national security laws affecting press freedom & cyberspace Jeff Ooi RSF Representative  RSF- Reporters without Borders Restoring and upholding press freedom -- over 18 years

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slide1

Free Expression in Asian Cyberspace

Manila - April 19-21, 2006

The Law

Terrorism and national security laws affecting press freedom & cyberspace

Jeff Ooi

RSF Representative

rsf reporters without borders

RSF- Reporters without Borders
  • Restoring and upholding press freedom -- over 18 years
  • Defending journalists and other media contributors and professionals imprisoned or persecuted for doing their work
  • Supporting journalists who are being threatened in their own countries; and providing financial and other types of support to their needy families
  • Fighting to reduce the use of censorship, and to oppose laws designed to restrict press freedom
  • Working to improve the safety of journalists world-wide, particularly in war zones
rsf global networks

RSF Global Networks
  • Present on 5 continents
    • National branches: Germany, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Spain, France, Italy, Sweden and Switzerland
    • Offices in Bangkok, New York, Tokyo and Washington
    • Internet desk (Julien Pain)
  • Key dates:
    • May 3: World Press Freedom Day
    • Sponsor’s Day
    • December 10: RSF-Fondation de France Prize
slide5

  • The Internet “Black Holes”
    • Belarus
    • Burma
    • China
    • Cuba
    • Iran
    • Libya
    • Nepal
    • North Korea
    • Saudi Arabia
    • Syria
    • Maldives
    • Tunisia
    • Turkmenistan
    • Uzbekistan
    • Vietnam

RSF’s 15 Enemies of Internet

slide6

Asia

  • Press Freedom
  • At a glance
  • Very serious regions:
  • China
  • Burma
  • North Korea
  • Vietnam
  • Laos
  • Nepal
  • Bhutan
slide7

  • The Case of China
  • Filtering regime:
  • Most sophisticated, systematic, comprehensive,
  • pervasive, effective & targetted filtering regime
  • Legal regulation plus technical control
  • Strict media regulation
  • Protection of national secrets
  • Control of ISPs, content providers
  • “The Great Firewall of China”

Findings of ONI - Revealing

slide8

  • China: Collusion with ‘Big Boys’
  • Cisco, Microsoft, Yahoo, Google admonished
    • Yahoo gave away user identity to Chinese
    • authorities
    • Cisco:
      • 12000 series filtering at backbone routing
      • Filter bi-directional at packet level
      • 750,000 filtering rules
      • Functions for blocking DDoS, worms and
      • viruses used to block politicl content
      • Protocol URL; **root.exe** changed to
      • **falun**
    • Google:
      • Google -- TLD is OK, but specific cache page
      • blocked
    • Microsoft: Accused of shutting down MSN Space
rsf report 2005

RSF Report 2005
  • 16 of the 53 journalists killed in 2004 died in Asia
  • 46 of the world’s 104 imprisoned journalists were in Asia -- as at 1st January 2005
  • Snapshots:
    • China: 27 imprisoned by 2005, 48 by 2006
    • Burma: Win Tin, imprisoned for 15th year
  • Worrying trends:
    • Curbing airwaves: BBC World Service and Radio France Internationale seen as new threats– especially in China and North Korea
    • Internet Surveillance: “Great Firewall of China”
    • Media censorship & self-censorship
    • Corporate responsibility in repressive regimes
interventionism

Interventionism

Asian democracies have justified attacks on press freedom by the "anti-terrorist struggle“

  • Australia:
    • New security measures allowing its secret services to monitor communications, including those of journalists
    • John Howard’s government also prevented the press from freely covering the plight of asylum seekers held in centers
  • Japan:
    • Traditional media in Japan showed complacency about their country’s involvement in Iraq
    • A controversial law on protection of private life was adopted in May 2003 -- leading to a temporary ban on a weekly that carried an article on the daughter of a parliamentary deputy
interventionism11

Interventionism
  • South Korea:
    • President Roh Moo-hyun passed a new press law that tried to limit the influence of the three major conservative dailies that criticise his government
    • The law was amended under opposition pressure, but remains an obstruction to free enterprise
  • Thailand:
    • Negative impact on press freedom related to the populism of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra and conflict in South Thailand
    • At least 3 journalists were dismissed under political pressure
    • The army, embarrassed by media reports on the massacre of Muslims in the south, obstructed press work and harassed a journalist from the BBC World Service
interventionism12

Interventionism
  • India:
    • Manmohan Singh’s administration revoked a controversial anti-terror law and extremist Hindus hostile to the act giving it the same degree of impunity compared to the previous regime
    • Privately-owned media and journalists are quick to defend themselves when their rights are threatened
  • Pakistan:
    • Pakistani reporters allowed to visit the disputed province of Kashmir for the first time in more than 50 years
    • But not vice versa -- Authorities in Islamabad continued to refuse visas to some Indian journalist, including in September when they applied to cover a cricket match
press freedom barometer 2006

Press Freedom Barometer 2006
  • 14 Journalists killed
  • 6 Media Assistants killed
  • 122 Journalists imprisoned
  • 3 Media Assistants imprisoned
  • 56 Cyber-dissidents imprisoned
slide14

  • 122 journalists imprisoned
  • The breakdown:
    • Algeria – 1
    • Burma – 7
    • China – 32
    • Israel – 1
    • Cuba – 23
    • D.R. Congo – 1
    • Egypt – 1
    • Eriteria – 13
    • Ethiopia – 17
    • Gambia – 2
    • Iran – 4
    • Iraq – 1
  • Laos – 1
  • Libya – 1
  • Maldives – 3
  • Nepal – 2
  • Nigeria – 1
  • North Korea – 1
  • Rwanda – 3
  • Saudi Arabia – 1
  • Syria – 1
  • Turkey – 1
  • Turkmenistan – 1
  • United States – 1
  • Uzbekistan - 2
slide15

  • 56 Cyber-dissidents imprisoned
  • The breakdown:
    • Iran – 2
    • China – 48
    • Syria – 3
    • Tunisia – 1
    • Vietnam – 2
slide16

China: 48 Cyber-dissidents imprisoned

  • February 22, 2006 - Hao Wu, blogger and documentary filmmaker
  • January 25, 2006 - Li Changqing, journalist for the Fuzhou Daily
  • December 23, 2005 - Yang Tianshui, online journalist
  • September 29, 2005 - Li Yuanlong, journalist for the Bijie Ribao
  • May 28, 2005 - Li Jianping, freelance journalist, entrepreneur
  • January 29, 2005 - Zhang Lin, pro-democracy activist
  • December 29, 2004 - Zheng Yichun, poet, professor and freelance writer
  • December 02, 2004 - Liao Yuanhua, former civil servant, member of Falun Gong movement
  • December 13, 2003 - Kong Youping, dissident
  • September 13, 2003 - Huang Jinqiu (Qing Shuijun), former journalist, cyberdissident
  • August 08, 2003 - Li Zhi, civil servant
  • July 09, 2003 - Tao Haidong, dissident
  • June 13, 2003 - Luo Yongzhong, shopkeeper
  • April 2003 - Huang Qunwei, jobless
  • March 27, 2003 - Zheng ("Sini"), pupil
slide17

China: 48 Cyber-dissidents imprisoned

  • March 12, 2003 - Zhang Yuxiang, dissident
  • November 2003 - Lu Zengqi, executive in a technology company
  • November 2003 - Chen Shumin, head of a technology firm
  • November 2003 - Yin Yan
  • November 2003 - Li Jian
  • November 2003 - Yan Qiuyan
  • November 06, 2002 - Jiang Lijun, dissident
  • November 04, 2002 - He Depu, dissident
  • November 04, 2002 - Zhao Changqing, dissident
  • October 2002 - Han Lifa, dissident
  • September 05, 2002 - Liang Changying, teacher, member of Falun Gong movement
  • April 27, 2002 - Yang Jianli, economist
  • April 01, 2002 - Li Dawei, dissident
  • November 2002 - Tan Qiu, former hospital worker
  • November 2002 - Fang Guokun, railroad worker, member of Falun Gong movement
slide18

China: 48 Cyber-dissidents imprisoned

  • June 01, 2001 - Li Hongmin, dissident
  • April 30, 2001 - Wang Sen, dissident
  • March 13, 2001 - Yang Zili, creator of the website www.lib.126.com
  • March 13, 2001 - Jin Haike, dissident
  • March 13, 2001 - Xu Wei, journalist for the Consumer daily
  • March 13, 2001 - Zhang Honghai, writer
  • November 2000 - Zhang Yuhui, businessman
  • October 2000 - Li Yanfang, student
  • October 2000 - Jiang Yuxia, student
  • October 2000 - Li Chunyan, student
  • October 2000 - Huang Kui, student
  • October 2000 - Ma Yan, student
  • October 2000 - Lin Yang, student
  • July 29, 2000 - Zhang Haitao, creator of the only China-based Web site on Falun Gong
  • July 07, 1999 - Liu Xianbin
  • June 19, 1999 - Zhu Yufu, journalist
  • June 19, 1999 - Wu Yilong, dissident
  • June 19, 1999 - Mao Qingxiang, journalist
slide19

Vietnam: 2 Cyber-dissidents imprisoned

  • September 25, 2002 - Nguyen Vu Binh, former journalist for Tap Chi Cong San (the Communist Newspaper’s magazine)
  • March 27, 2002 - Pham Hong Son, doctor and sales representative for a pharmaceutical company
expression under repression

Expression under Repression

As at April 19…

Hao Wu has been detained for 57 days.

WITHOUT A REASON. WITHOUT TRIAL.

Online Petition:

http://www.gopetition.com/region/237/8389.html

slide21

Thank You.