The Mexican War Cemetery on Greenwood Island (22JA516), Jackson Co, Mississippi - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Mexican War Cemetery on Greenwood Island (22JA516), Jackson Co, Mississippi

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  1. The Mexican War Cemetery on Greenwood Island (22JA516),Jackson Co, Mississippi Lynn Funkhouser, Marie Danforth, Terri Ilgen, David Martin, Danielle Cook, and Harold Webster University of Southern Mississippi with contributions by Alton K Fisher (1905-1991) University of Iowa Paper presented at 2008 meetings, Southeastern Archaeological Conference, Charlotte

  2. Greenwood Island (22JA516) Mobile New Orleans

  3. The Mexican War 1846 - 1848

  4. 1864 Map of Camp Jefferson Davis (von Nerta 1895) 100 graves 80 graves 7 graves

  5. Buttons Recovered in 1979

  6. Report of 1979 Findings Mississippi Archaeology (1979) 14(2):5-6, 11-12 (Picture of Mississippi Archaeology article) Dr Alton K Fisher (1905 – 1991)

  7. Biloxi National Cemetery

  8. Isolated Human Remains Recovered on Greenwood Island Beach

  9. permanent shoreline Burial Locations

  10. Artifacts Recovered in Coffins 1979 Burials 2008 Burials 2008 Burials

  11. Burial Demographics

  12. Mean Stature ComparisonsAmong Contemporary Samples N = 11 N = 25 N = 5 N = 17 (1778) (1812-1814) (1848) (1861 - ?)

  13. Mean Caries Frequency Comparison with Contemporary Samples (taken from Sledzik and Moore-Jansen 1991:222)

  14. LEH Burial 4, Maxilla (hypoplasias) LEH Burial 5, Maxilla

  15. Burial 5, Left humerus Extention of the medial epicondyle Burial 3, Left femoral head Articular Extension

  16. Burial 5, Lower thoracic vertebrae Schmorl’s Nodes

  17. Burial 4, Right Humerus

  18. Burial 5, Sacral spina bifida occulta

  19. Burial 5, Right clavicle

  20. X – ray of anomaly

  21. (picture of flaking bone)

  22. Comparison of Graves 1979 Clear water Remains visible 2008 Dark water (black silt) Remains not visible

  23. Future Work • Develop a method for the preservation of bone retrieved from saltwater: • Possible methods to investigate: • Cascading water • Alcohol / acetone bath • Freeze drying

  24. Future Work • Determine if the saltwater or chemicals from industry caused the flaking of these remains. • Attempt to locate any other individuals that may be on the Greenwood Island site. • Rebury these three soldiers and any others found in a place of honor.

  25. References Sledzik, PS and Moore-Jansen, PH (1991) Dental disease in nineteenth century military skeletal samples. In Advances in Dental Anthropology, ed by M Kelley and CS Larsen, pp 215-224. Wiley-Liss, New York.

  26. Acknowledgments • Carey Geiger and Bonnie Gums, University of South Alabama • Jayur Mehta and David Abbott, Mississippi Department of Archives and History • Mike Smith, Port of Pascagoula Authority • Shirley Schermer, Iowa State Archaeology Office • Signal International, Pascagoula • Diana Flosenzier and Patricia Biesiot, University of Southern Mississippi • Student volunteer excavators