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The Mexican War Cemetery on Greenwood Island (22JA516), Jackson Co, Mississippi Lynn Funkhouser, Marie Danforth, Terri Ilgen, David Martin, Danielle Cook, and Harold Webster University of Southern Mississippi

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the mexican war cemetery on greenwood island 22ja516 jackson co mississippi

The Mexican War Cemetery on Greenwood Island (22JA516),Jackson Co, Mississippi

Lynn Funkhouser, Marie Danforth, Terri Ilgen, David Martin, Danielle Cook, and Harold Webster University of Southern Mississippi

with contributions by Alton K Fisher (1905-1991) University of Iowa

Paper presented at 2008 meetings,

Southeastern Archaeological Conference, Charlotte

slide3

Greenwood

Island

(22JA516)

Mobile

New Orleans

slide4

The Mexican War

1846 - 1848

slide11

Report of 1979 Findings

Mississippi Archaeology (1979)

14(2):5-6, 11-12

(Picture of Mississippi Archaeology

article)

Dr Alton K Fisher

(1905 – 1991)

slide17

Isolated Human Remains Recovered

on Greenwood Island Beach

slide18

permanent shoreline

Burial

Locations

slide20

Artifacts Recovered in Coffins

1979

Burials

2008 Burials

2008 Burials

mean stature comparisons among contemporary samples
Mean Stature ComparisonsAmong Contemporary Samples

N = 11

N = 25

N = 5

N = 17

(1778)

(1812-1814)

(1848)

(1861 - ?)

mean caries frequency comparison with contemporary samples
Mean Caries Frequency Comparison with Contemporary Samples

(taken from Sledzik and Moore-Jansen 1991:222)

slide25

LEH

Burial 4, Maxilla

(hypoplasias)

LEH

Burial 5, Maxilla

slide26

Burial 5, Left humerus

Extention of the medial epicondyle

Burial 3, Left femoral head

Articular Extension

slide27

Burial 5,

Lower thoracic vertebrae

Schmorl’s Nodes

slide28

Burial 4,

Right Humerus

slide29

Burial 5,

Sacral spina

bifida occulta

slide30

Burial 5,

Right clavicle

comparison of graves
Comparison of Graves

1979

Clear water

Remains visible

2008

Dark water (black silt)

Remains not visible

future work
Future Work
  • Develop a method for the preservation of bone retrieved from saltwater:
    • Possible methods to investigate:
      • Cascading water
      • Alcohol / acetone bath
      • Freeze drying
future work35
Future Work
  • Determine if the saltwater or chemicals from industry caused the flaking of these remains.
  • Attempt to locate any other individuals that may be on the Greenwood Island site.
  • Rebury these three soldiers and any others found in a place of honor.
slide36

References

Sledzik, PS and Moore-Jansen, PH (1991) Dental disease in

nineteenth century military skeletal samples. In Advances in

Dental Anthropology, ed by M Kelley and CS Larsen, pp 215-224.

Wiley-Liss, New York.

acknowledgments
Acknowledgments
  • Carey Geiger and Bonnie Gums,

University of South Alabama

  • Jayur Mehta and David Abbott,

Mississippi Department of Archives and History

  • Mike Smith, Port of Pascagoula Authority
  • Shirley Schermer, Iowa State Archaeology Office
  • Signal International, Pascagoula
  • Diana Flosenzier and Patricia Biesiot,

University of Southern Mississippi

  • Student volunteer excavators