Opera in the Late Seventeenth Century - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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    1. Opera in the Late Seventeenth Century

    2. Venice main center for Italian opera Singers became the main attraction Composers began to write arias expressly for specific singers The favorite aria form was

    3. Naples - Recitative Recitativo semplice: speechlike, conveying dialogue or monologue with only basso continuo accompaniment Secco Recitative Recitativo obbligato or recitativo accompagnato: accompanied by the orchestra, which portrayed and reinforced the emotions Recitativo arioso was a blend of recitative and aria

    4. Alessandro Scarlatti (16601725) Favored the da capo aria Da capo means "to the head," Example: NAWM 66, Mi rivedi from La Griselda (1721) Optional

    5. French national traditions Ballet had flourished since Ballet comique de la reine (1581) Court ballet was a substantial musical work

    6. Jean-Baptiste Lully 1st important composer of French Opera NAWM 67, Ballet des nations from Le bourgeois gentilhomme (1670) Optional

    7. Armide Ouverture, NAWM 68a two-part movement before ballets The first section is slow and stately, with a homophonic texture, and marked by dotted rhythms The second section is faster, with some fugal imitation but with a serious character Each section is repeated

    8. England Henry Purcell (16591695) Dido and Aeneas (1689) composed for a girls' boarding school Vergil's Aeneid

    9. Dido and Aeneas Thy Hand, Belinda Recitatives NAWM 69, When I am laid in earth aria/lament ground bass

    10. V. Germany Hamburg opera Singspiel ("sing-play"), the German version of opera, using spoken dialogue instead of recitative Reinhard Keiser (16741739) wrote more than a hundred operas for Hamburg

    11. Secular Vocal Music in Italy Alessandro Scarlatti composed over six hundred cantatas. Leading Italian

    12. France Marc-Antoine Charpentier (16341704) composed both secular cantatas and sacred, Latin, oratorios

    13. Lutheran Church Music, 16501750 The orthodox view was that all available resources should be used The Pietists preferred simpler music for personal devotion Erdmann Neumeister devised the Lutheran Church Cantata Passions: the suffering and death of Christ according to Gospel accounts

    14. Test over Chapter 10