Civil War. Review. Election of 1860 Secession. 1 st (Unofficial) Battle: Fort Sumter, SC. April 12, 1861 – General PGT Beauregard opened fire Major Robert Anderson tried to hold fort but ran out of supplies Lincoln declared South in rebellion. After Fort Sumter ….
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Functioning Gov’t.Union Strengths
Preservation of Way of LifeConfederate Strengths
2.Rifling – spiral groove cut inside gun barrel
Canister – Shell filled w/ tiny lead ballsNew Technology
Ironclad Gunboats – steamships w/ iron platingNew Technology
Draft – required military service
Suspended Writ of Habeas Corpus – right to a trial before imprisonmentIncreased Gov’t Power
Internal Revenue Act – tax on liquor, tobacco, medicine & paper
became Internal Revenue Service (IRS)Increased Gov’t Power
Created National Currency: GreenbacksIncreased Gov’t Power
Pacific Railroad Act of 1862 – project to connect East & West w/ railroadsIncreased Gov’t Power
Rep. – Abraham Lincoln
Dem. – George McClellan
Docs did not sterilize equipment!
Went days w/out washing equipment!
High rates of infectionMedical Conditions
Some tried to make changes: