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POPULATIONS AND ECOSYSTEMS. ORGANISM / INDIVIDUAL. Any living thing. ONE member of a species or population. EX: A deer, a rabbit, a bacteria, a tree, a flower, a mushroom, etc. POPULATION. A population is made up of all the organisms of the same species that live in an area at the same time.

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organism individual
ORGANISM / INDIVIDUAL
  • Any living thing.
  • ONE member of a species or population.
  • EX: A deer, a rabbit, a bacteria, a tree, a flower, a mushroom, etc.
population
POPULATION
  • A population is made up of all the organisms of the same species that live in an area at the same time.
  • EX: Bison living in the prairie, colony of fish, a pack of wolves, a grouping of trees
community
COMMUNITY
  • All of the different populations of all species LIVING in an ecosystem.
    • Only the populations living in an area, not the place where they live!
  • EX: Birds, deer, grass, trees, fungi, bacteria, ticks, all living together in the same area.
ecosystem
ECOSYSTEM
  • Consists of all the organisms living in an area, as well as the nonliving parts of that environment.
  • EX: Deer, birds, insects, grass, + the water, temperature, sunlight, soil, air quality, etc.
abiotic
ABIOTIC
  • Nonliving things that effect living organisms.
  • EX: Sun, temperature, rainfall, soil
biotic
BIOTIC
  • Living organisms and products of living things.
biomes
BIOMES
  • A biome is a large geographical area of distinctive plant and animal groups.
  • The climate and geography of a region determines what type of biome exists.
  • 9 biomes Tundra, Deciduous Forest, Savanna, Taiga, Chaparral, Rainforest, Grasslands, Desert, Alpine.
  • Each biome consists of many ecosystems.
what is a species
WHAT IS A SPECIES?
  • A class or group of individuals having similar characteristics.
  • Used to classify organisms.
  • How are organisms classified?
taxonomy
Taxonomy

The science of classifying all living things into seven major groups based on similarities of structure or origin

classification
Classification
  • How are organisms classified?
    • Kingdom
    • Phylum
    • Class
    • Order
    • Family
    • Genus
    • Species
classification of humans
Classification of Humans

Animalia

Chordata

Mammalia

Primates

Hominidae

Homo

Sapien

How do you remember the order?

Kingdom-

Phylum-

Class-

Order-

Family-

Genus-

Species-

slide16

As you go down the column, the defining characteristics of each subgroup become more and more similar.

The members of a kingdom are more diverse, and the members of a species are more similar.

how to remember
How to Remember

King

Phillip

Came

Over

For

Good

Supper

five kingdoms
Five Kingdoms
  • Monerans
    • Ex: Bacteria (single celled, prokaryotic)
  • Protista
    • Ex: Amoeba (single celled, eukaryotic)
  • Fungi
    • Ex: Mushroom (multicellular, eukaryotic)
  • Plantae
    • Ex: Flowering Plants (multicellular, eukaryotic)
  • Animalia
    • Ex: People, Elephants (multicellular, eukaryotic)
binomial nomenclature
Binomial Nomenclature
  • Translates to “two-name name-calling”
  • Every species has a generic (genus) and a specific name (species)
  • Always in Latin
  • Carolus Linnaeus
    • Known as father of taxonomy
    • Made up the binomial system for naming organisms
  • Very similar to how people are named
    • Genus is the surname (last name)
    • Species is the personal name (first name)
why use scientific names
Why use Scientific Names?
  • Many organisms have more than one common name
  • Many different species have the same common name
    • Ex: American Robin and European Robin
  • Universal language understood around the world
the use of scientific names
The Use of Scientific Names
  • Genus is always capital and species is always lower case
  • Underline the whole name
  • Examples
    • Felisdomesticus (house cat)
    • Canisfamiliaris (common dog)
    • Acersaccharum (maple tree)
slide23

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/beta/evolution/classifying-life.htmlhttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/beta/evolution/classifying-life.html

unusual names
Unusual Names

Abracadabra (snail)

Lacucaracha (moth)

Wakiewakie (rat kangaroo)

Bahumbugi (snail)

Balbaroofangaroo (kangaroo)

Chaoschaos (protozoan)

  • http://www.acsu.buffalo.edu/~insrisg/nature/nw98/names.html
what is your scientific name
What is your Scientific Name?

- a persons name

- last name first (genus)

- first name is lower case (species)

  • add proper endings and underline

Now write your name!

For Example:

Bart Simpson

Simpson Bart

Simpson bart

Simpsonusbarti

linnaeus
LINNAEUS
  • Swedish botanist
  • Born in 1700’s
  • Made up the binomial system for naming organisms
  • Known as father of taxonomy
how are organisms classified
How are organisms classified?

Animalia

  • Kingdom-

Phylum- Class- Order- Family- Genus- Species-

Chordata

Mammalia

Primates

Hominidae

Homo

sapiens

acronym to remember
Acronym to remember
  • Kings Play Cards On Fat Green Stools
  • King Phillip came over for good supper
  • Make up your own
binomial nomenclature1
Binomial Nomenclature
  • Translates to “two-name name-calling”
  • Every species has a generic (genus) and specific name (species)
  • Always in Latin
  • Very similar to how people are named
  • Genus is the surname (last name)
  • Species is the personal name (first name)
why use scientific names1
Why use Scientific Names?
  • Many organisms have more than one common name
  • Many different species have the same common names
    • American Robin and the European Robin
  • Universally understood throughout the world
how does it work
How does it work?
  • Genus is always capital and species is always lower case
  • Examples of scientific names:
    • Felis domesticus (house cat)
    • Canis familiaris(common dog)
    • Acer saccharum(maple tree)
    • Satter kari
weird scientific names
Weird Scientific Names
  • Abracadabra (snail)
  • Lacucaracha (moth)
  • Wakiewakie (rat kangaroo)
  • Bahumbugi (snail)
  • Balbaroofangaroo (kangaroo)
  • Chaoschaos (protozoan)
  • http://www.acsu.buffalo.edu/~insrisg/nature/nw98/names.html
how to latinize your name
How to “latinize” your name

For example:

Bart Simpson -a person’s name

Simpson Bart - last name (genus) first

Simpson bart -first name is lower case (species)

Simpsonus barti -add male endings to genus

and species

taxonomy pages 8 and 9

TAXONOMYpages 8 and 9

Science of classifying all living things into seven major categories

what are the five kingdoms
What are the five kingdoms?
  • Monerans
  • Protista
  • Fungi
  • Plantae
  • Animalia
1 what do all animals have in common
1. What do all animals have in common?
  • Heterotrophic
  • Eukaryotic
  • Multicellular
3 what do you notice about the characteristics of the groups as you move down the animalia kingdom
3. What do you notice about the characteristics of the groups as you move down the Animalia kingdom?
  • They become more similar
3 compare the characteristics of a kingdom verses a species what do you notice
3. Compare the characteristics of a kingdom verses a species. What do you notice?
  • Kingdom is more diverse
  • Species is more similar
are the cat and housefly the same species
Are the cat and housefly the same species?
  • NO, because the groups above them don’t all match.
  • Species is like a first name it means little unless the last name (genus) is with it.
5 every organism is given a scientific name that consists of what
5. Every organism is given a scientific name that consists of what?
  • Genus
  • Species
  • Which one is always capitalized?
  • Which one is always lower case?
7 which two organisms are most closely related on the chart why
7. Which two organisms are most closely related on the chart? WHY
  • Cat and lion
  • They are the same in 6 of the 7 levels of classification.
7 a human is most closely related to what organism on the chart why
7. A human is most closely related to what organism on the chart? WHY
  • Chimp
  • They are the same in 4 of the 7 levels of classification.