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chapter 3. Presenting the Problem. Chapter Outline. Choosing the title Writing the introduction Stating the research problem Presenting the research hypothesis Operationally defining your terms Basic assumptions, delimitations, and limitations Justifying the significance of the study

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Presentation Transcript
chapter 3
chapter3

Presenting the Problem

chapter outline
Chapter Outline
  • Choosing the title
  • Writing the introduction
  • Stating the research problem
  • Presenting the research hypothesis
  • Operationally defining your terms
  • Basic assumptions, delimitations, and limitations
  • Justifying the significance of the study
  • The difference between the thesis and the research article
writing the introduction
Writing the Introduction
  • How to write a good introduction
    • Demonstrate the point of the study.
    • Omit technical jargon.
    • Know who you are writing for.
    • Write introduction after the problem and hypotheses.
key point
Key Point

If your introduction does not catch the reader’s attention, your thesis won’t be read!

presenting the problem
Presenting the Problem

In groups of 3 to 5, refer to the abstract on the handout, and perform these tasks:

  • Develop a title.
  • Develop a problem statement.
  • Identify variables: independent, dependent, control.
  • Develop two research hypotheses.
  • Develop two operational definitions.
  • What are two assumptions?
  • What are two limitations?

Learning activity from Instructor’s Guide

considerations when choosing the title
Considerations When Choosing the Title
  • Written last, not first
  • Purpose of the title
    • Conveys focus of the study
  • Problems with titles
    • Too long or too short
    • Useless words
key point1
Key Point

Think about who will read your title.

writing the title
Writing the Title
  • Develop a title for the abstract.
  • Enter your group’s title on the next slide.
write your title
Write Your Title

Enter your group’s title:

  • Group 1:
  • Group 2:
  • Group 3:
  • Group 4:
  • Group 5:
writing the statement of the problem
Writing the Statementof the Problem
  • The problem statement should be a single sentence that describes the problem.
  • In each group develop a statement of the problem.
  • Put your group’s problem statement on the next slide.
your problem statement
Your Problem Statement

Write your statement of the problem:

  • Group 1:
  • Group 2:
  • Group 3:
  • Group 4:
  • Group 5:
key point2
Key Point

The introduction should make the problem statement obvious!

identifying variables
Identifying Variables
  • Define independent, categorical (moderator), dependent, control, and extraneous variables.
  • Identify the following variables and enter them on next slide.
    • Independent variables; also categorical or moderator variables
    • Dependent variables
    • Control variables
the variables you identified
The Variables You Identified
  • Group 1
    • Independent variables(s) =
    • Dependent variables(s) =
    • Control variable(s) =
  • Group 2
    • Independent variables(s) =
    • Dependent variables(s) =
    • Control variable(s) =

(continued)

the variables you identified continued
The Variables YouIdentified (continued)
  • Group 3
    • Independent variables(s) =
    • Dependent variables(s) =
    • Control variable(s) =
  • Group 4
    • Independent variables(s) =
    • Dependent variables(s) =
    • Control variable(s) =

(continued)

the variables you identified continued1
The Variables You Identified (continued)
  • Group 5
    • Independent variables(s) =
    • Dependent variables(s) =
    • Control variable(s) =
developing the research hypotheses
Developing the Research Hypotheses
  • Research hypotheses
    • Expected results based on theory or experience
    • Stated as outcomes
  • Null hypotheses
    • No significant differences or relationships
  • Write a research hypothesis and enter it on the next slide.
write your research hypothesis
Write Your Research Hypothesis
  • Group 1:
  • Group 2:
  • Group 3:
  • Group 4:
  • Group 5:
making your problem and hypotheses clear
Making Your Problemand Hypotheses Clear
  • Operational definitions
    • Key terms with specific meaning
  • Limitations
    • Possible shortcomings
  • Delimitations
    • Characteristics imposed by the researcher
  • Significance of the study
    • Basic and applied research
    • Seeking gaps in the research
clarifying your problem
Clarifying Your Problem
  • Develop two operational definitions.
  • What are two assumptions?
  • What are two limitations?
  • Enter one of your operational definitions on the next slide.
write your operational definition
Write Your Operational Definition
  • Group 1:
  • Group 2:
  • Group 3:
  • Group 4:
  • Group 5: