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PERCEPTION
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PERCEPTION

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  1. PERCEPTION • Ways of understanding or being aware of sensory information and reality • Five senses, Sixth sense • Physiological constraints (biology) • Cognitive constraints (embodied) • Illusions, role of memory, emotions, blind sight • Limits of logical approaches • Neuroscience Explosion (FMRI , molecular biology, and computers

  2. WAYS TO DECIDE • Authority • Revelation • Instinct • Intuition • Reason • Psyche

  3. How Do We Know We KnowFeeling or Intellect • Water is wet • 2 + 2 = 4 • Capgras Syndrome • E=MxC Squared • Atoms • Quarks • Quantum Theory • God

  4. AUTHORITY • Parents • Roles (teacher, coach, religious leaders) • Laws • Uniforms and Social cues (norms) • Learned vs. instinctual

  5. REVELATION • Direct experience via spirit contact • Indirect experience through senses • Belief independent of natural phenomena • Is there a religion gene or instinct? • Has religion evolved? • Temporal lobe seizures (St Theresa) • Persinger’s deep brain stimulation

  6. INSTINCT • Built in or hard wired • Inherited • Not learned • Considered animalistic

  7. Intuition • Unconscious or preconscious • Effortless and fast • Adaptive based valuation, not precise • Association based, like a metaphor, • Automatic, not flexible • Practice (muscle memory) • Learned

  8. Reason • Conscious • Takes Effort • Slow • Rule based like logic • Flexible • Can be practiced but takes a long time • Can not reliably predict future as rules based on the past (stock market)

  9. PSYCHE • Psychodynamic (Freud, Jung, Adler, Klein etc) • Psychophysiologic (conditioning, aversion, hypnosis, CBT, addiction, etc) • Abnormalities of cognition or perception • Combinations

  10. FREE WILL • Determinism • Agency • Combination • Neuro-ethics and neuro-jurisprudence • RESPONSIBILITY

  11. Decision Defects • Delusion (hallucination) • Illusion ( perceptual constraints) • OCD (can’t be sure) • Decision influences (non conscious effects, loss aversion, relativity) • Wrong premise (bad information) • Wrong logic (faulty thinking) • Wrong guess (intuition fails) • Compulsion ( determined by instinct) • Misled

  12. DECISION MAKING • How do we know the basis of any given decision or conclusion? • Are decisions made consciously, unconsciously, both? • Can we change our minds? Value of rational discourse vs. appeal to un or preconscious? • Can we protect ourselves?

  13. Further Viewing Decisions • Daniel Kahnemannhttp://www.uctv.tv/search-details.aspx?showID=12301 • Jonah Lehrer Fora TV How we decide • Dan Arielyhttp://www.ted.com/talks/dan_ariely_asks_are_we_in_control_of_our_own_decisions.html • Robert A Burton http://youtube.com/watch?v=QL12cd4d0ro4 • Robert Cialdini Http://bigthink.com/robertcialdini

  14. Themes • Worldview • Internal vs. External • Reductionism vs. Dualism vs Emergence • Consciousness, Constraints on Knowing • Strange or Wonderful Mathematics • Fundamental Weirdness of Matter, Space and Time • Feeling of Knowing • Implications for Discourse

  15. Science vs. Religion Debate Many Hours of challenging thought • Beyond Belief Series of Meetings on The Science Network • The Four Horsemen Google Videos • Templeton Foundation • Wright and Goldberg on Blogging heads • Kuhn Closer to Truth • Faraday Institute St Edmunds Cambridge • Clayton Clayton’s Emerging