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Languages of Asia Part 2: South Asia. ASIAN 401 Spring 2009. Review. Name the six language families of North/East/Southeast Asia Name four countries in peninsular Southeast Asia Name two language isolates Name three Austronesian lgs. Name a Sino-Tibetan language. SOUTH ASIA. Bangla-

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Presentation Transcript
review
Review
  • Name the six language families of North/East/Southeast Asia
  • Name four countries in peninsular Southeast Asia
  • Name two language isolates
  • Name three Austronesian lgs.
  • Name a Sino-Tibetan language
slide4

Bangla-

desh

Munda lgs: Austroasiatic family

SOUTH ASIA

China

Pakistan

Tibet

Urdu: Indo-Aryan family

Nepal

NE India

Sino-Tibetan Languages

India

Hindi: Indo-Aryan family

Bengali: Indo-Aryan family

Sri Lanka

Tamil: Dravidian

family

languages families
Languages Families
  • Indo-Aryan: Pakistan, India
  • Dravidian: S India, Sri Lanka
  • Sino-Tibetan: NE India, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet
  • Austroasiatic: E India
sample languages
Sample Languages
  • Indo-Aryan: Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Marathi, Gujarati, Punjabi
  • Dravidian: Tamil, Malayalam, Kannada, Telugu
  • Sino-Tibetan: Bodo, Garo, Naga
  • Austroasiatic: Santali
indo aryan
Indo-Aryan
  • Branch of larger Indo-European family; >600 million speakers
  • Most of the major languages of India and Pakistan, as well as Nepali
  • Four distinct consonants p, ph, b, bh
dravidian
Dravidian
  • Major languages of S India and Sri Lanka (not found elsewhere)
  • ~200 million speakers
  • Probably were spoken in all of India before the Indo-Aryan speakers arrived
sino tibetan
Sino-Tibetan
  • Numerous small “hill tribe” languages in NE India; number of speakers small (~ 4 mil.), but number of lgs very large (>100?)
  • Also languages spoken in Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet
  • Very complex verb forms
austroasiatic
Austroasiatic
  • The Munda languages are spoken in scattered areas of E India
  • Related distantly to the Austroasiatic languages of peninsular SE Asia
  • Only about 10 lgs, < 8 million speakers. Santali has the most speakers.