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Comments on “Care Work”. Jishnu Das (DECRG). The Question. How should we provide care for children and the elderly Is there a role for public policy. The implicit subsidy. Low female labor force participation + limited set of jobs that they are employed in This means

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comments on care work

Comments on “Care Work”

Jishnu Das (DECRG)

the question
The Question
  • How should we provide care for children and the elderly
    • Is there a role for public policy
the implicit subsidy
The implicit subsidy
  • Low female labor force participation + limited set of jobs that they are employed in
  • This means
    • A wage discount in the jobs that are “socially acceptable” (Examples: US, Pakistan)
    • A wage discount in care work at home (Examples: Colombia, Pakistan, India)
  • Both can/will change with increasing female lfp
the question again
The Question (again)
  • What parts of “care work” are contractible?
    • If fully contractible, removing the market distortion from segmented labor markets should improve things
      • Income effect from mothers working outside greater than substitution effect of maternal presence
    • But, empirical evidence + theory suggests that contractibility may be an issue (can’t buy me love)
implications for bank work
Implications for bank work
  • Get that labor agenda started again…
    • For instance, time-use data on what women are doing is key to understanding these issues
    • Example
questions again
Questions (again)
  • Policy: if 2 market failures are better than 1, then govt. may do good
    • (remove the market segmentation, but retain the credit constraint)
  • BUT
    • Where to intervene? Kids? Adults? Pre-School?
    • Multiple things going on
      • Lower fertility
      • Kids later in life
      • Demand for privacy
      • Migration
      • Father’s change (believe it or not)
      • Increased productivity at home (Time in the US with kids pretty much constant due to this + the one above)