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The 1890 Extension System: A Glimpse at the “Enterprise.”. A paper presented at the North Central NELD Interns’ trip to Southern University AgCenter Baton Rouge, LA Presented by: Dr. Adell Brown, Jr. Presentation Purpose and Desi g n.

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the 1890 extension system a glimpse at the enterprise

The 1890 Extension System: A Glimpse at the “Enterprise.”

A paper presented at the North Central NELD Interns’ trip to Southern University AgCenter

Baton Rouge, LA

Presented by:

Dr. Adell Brown, Jr.

presentation purpose and desi g n
Presentation Purpose and Design
  • To increase conference participants knowledge of the operations of the 1890s.
  • Presentation design
    • Number, location and organizational structures
    • Mission, Vision, and Values
    • Programmatic Goals
    • Model Programs and Best Practices
    • Trends and Challenges
number and location of 1890s
Number and Location of 1890s
  • Thirty-two years following passage of the Justin Smith Morrill Act of 1862, Congress passed the 1890 Morrill Act creating black land-grant colleges and universities.
  • Today, the rich legacy of the land-grant tradition remains prominent on the campuses of 17 public black colleges and universities including Tuskegee University, a private, state-related land-grant institution.
  • The University of the District of Columbia and the University of the Virgin Islands were established under the 1862 Morrill Act.
1890 universities
1890 Universities

North Carolina A&T State UniversityGreensboro, NC 27411

Delaware State UniversityDover, DE 19901

Langston UniversityLangston, OK 73050

  • Alabama A&M UniversityNormal, AL 35762
  • Alcorn State UniversityLorman, MS 39096
  • Tuskegee UniversityTuskegee, AL 36088
  • Lincoln UniversityJefferson City, MO 65101
  • University of Arkansas Pine BluffPine Bluff, AR 71601
1890s continued
1890s Continued
  • Florida A&M UniversityTallahassee, FL 32307
  • South Carolina State UniversityOrangeburg, SC 29115
  • Fort Valley State UniversityFort Valley, GA 31030-3298
  • Tennessee State UniversityNashville, TN 29115
  • Kentucky State UniversityFrankfort, KY 40601
  • Prairie View A&M UniversityPrairie View, TX 77445

Southern UniversityBaton Rouge, LA 70813

Virginia State UniversityPetersburg, VA 23806

University of Maryland Eastern ShorePrincess Anne, MD 21853

West Virginia State CollegeInstitute, WV 25112-1000

1890s general facts
1890s General Facts
  • Alabama A&M University, Florida A&M University, North Carolina A&T State University, South Carolina State University, Southern University & A&M College, Tennessee State University, Tuskegee University and the University of Maryland Eastern Shore offer doctorates and/or professional degrees in one or more of the following disciplines:
    • Engineering
    • Food Sciences
    • Law
    • Pharmaceutical Sciences
    • Physics
    • Plant and Soil Sciences
    • Toxicology
    • Veterinary Medicine
general information continued
General Information (continued)
  • Southern University and Florida A&M are the largest.
  • Alcorn State talks about being the oldest
  • Several do not have academic programs in Agricultural.
  • West Virginia was the last to be reinstated into the 1890 community.
structures in the 1890 enterprise
Structures in the 1890 Enterprise
  • Southern University System and the Center concept
  • Traditional model (T-R-E)
  • Model of R&E
  • Extension structured at the central administration with research being located at the college level.
  • Additionally, there are many other structures.
1890s 1862 relations
1890s -1862 Relations
  • 1890s function as a 5th Regional with appointments on ECOP standing and ad hoc committees.
  • Association of Extension Administrators
  • Southern Association of Extension Directors.
  • Individual and joint, regularly.
  • Both Directors and Administration participate in National activities
  • Nurturing/Empathy
  • Input from Customers
  • Transferring experience to less experienced individuals
  • Networking, partnering, and collaborating
  • Education is the great equalizer
  • To help the socio-economically challenged individuals and diverse audiences to improve their quality of life.
  • Providing educational programs that address critical needs using research-based information and techniques.
  • Excellence in programming and a reputation as the leading organization in outreach educational programs, and
  • offering continuous learning opportunities for the targeted families and communities.
programmatic goals
Programmatic Goals
  • The 1890 Extension Enterprise has reviewed the USDA’s goals, and tailored them to fit who we are and what we do.
  • The presentation will now focus on each of the five goals and its related activities.
goal one
Goal One:
  • Develop and/or strengthen an agricultural system that promotes diversity and enhances the abilities of participants, especially small, limited resource producers to be competitive in a consumer-oriented global economy.
  • USDA Small Farm Commission’s report
  • National Decline in the number of African-American Farmers
  • Benefits to the farm family and community.
goal one innovative programs
Goal One: Innovative Programs
  • Meat Goat Research and Extension, Virginia State University.
  • Integration of Pastured-poultry into small-scale farming, SU, LA..
  • Small Farm Outreach, Training Assistance Prog.., Alcorn U., MS
  • Research and Extension Centers of Excellence
goals two three
Goals Two & Three
  • Goal Two:Improve decision-making to insure a sustainable, safe affordable and nutritious food supply.
  • Goal Three: Increase the capacity of individuals, families, and communities to assure a healthy well-nourished population
    • changes in federal, and state family and consumer policies (food stamps, welfare, etc.......)
    • changing life styles (working mothers, etc.......).
innovative programs goals 2 3
Innovative Programs: Goals 2 & 3
  • Nutrition, Diet and Health, NC A&T..
  • Nutrition PLUS (Public Learning Utilization System) Alcorn State U., MS. the Lower Delta Region.
  • Ten-state Consortium: Families First Nutrition Education & Wellness System (FF NEWS) Common curriculum, delivery, and education protocol for food stamp recipients (AK, LA, TX, MS, MO, OK and others).
goal four
Goal Four
  • Achieve greater harmony between businesses, communities, agriculture and the environment.
    • Air and water quality
    • Soil management
    • Environmental regulations and policies
    • Balancing environmental concerns and economic viability
innovative programs goal 4
Innovative Programs: Goal 4
  • Applied Aquaponics, Virginia State University -
  • Water Wizard Aquatic Education Van, Virginia State University -.
  • SARE' Southern Region Professional Development Program for 1862, 1890, and non-governmental agencies.
goal five

Goal Five

Empower individuals, families and communities to improve their economic well-being and quality of life.

innovative programs goal 5
Innovative Programs: Goal 5
  • Community Voices - A Multi-State leadership Development Project (NC, AK, TX, and AL).
  • Victims Assistance for Public Housing (NC A&T)
  • The National Center for Diversity (NCFD), KSU and KY.
  • The Answer Shop, FVSU, GA, a lending library of more than 550 educational videocassettes.
  • Faith-Based Community Economic Development Initiative, Southern University (Louisiana).
challenges and opportunities
Challenges and Opportunities
  • Understanding the dynamics of collaboration
  • Greater Regional Efforts
  • New Methods and Techniques for Educating Diverse Audiences .
  • Creative Finances

For More Information

Dr. Adell Brown, Jr., Associate Administrator SU Agricultural Research and Extension Center

P. O. Box 10010

Ashford A. Williams Hall

Baton Rouge, LA 70813


(225) 771-2242