Climate policy beyond copenhagen adaptation mitigation and moral imperatives
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Climate Policy beyond Copenhagen: Adaptation, Mitigation, and Moral Imperatives. James F. Casey Associate Professor of Economics and Environmental Studies Williams School of Commerce, Economics and Politics Washington and Lee University caseyj@wlu.edu. Beyond Copenhagen. What happened?

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Climate policy beyond copenhagen adaptation mitigation and moral imperatives

Climate Policy beyond Copenhagen:Adaptation, Mitigation, and Moral Imperatives

James F. Casey

Associate Professor of Economics and Environmental Studies

Williams School of Commerce, Economics and Politics

Washington and Lee University

caseyj@wlu.edu


Beyond copenhagen
Beyond Copenhagen

  • What happened?

    • Copenhagen Accord

      • 2 °C a global temperature guardrail

      • commitment to significant funding for developing nations

      • targets from all of the major emitters, including emerging economies.

  • Where are we going?

    • Cancun, Mexico

    • Expiration of the Kyoto treaty in 2012

    • Cap or a Price?


My humble opinion
My Humble Opinion

  • BRIC countries, OECD countries, Everybody else


Adaptation
Adaptation

  • Change is already occurring – how will we adapt?

  • Sea level

  • Agriculture

  • Extreme weather events

  • it will cost $75 - $100 billion each year (in developing countries)to adapt to climate change from 2010 to 2050 (The World Bank).


Mitigation
Mitigation

  • $78b to $106b/year to 2020 to reduce carbon emissions 20%, (McKinsey).

  • CCS – carbon capture and storage

  • Reduce deforestation

  • Alternative energy


Moral imperatives
Moral Imperatives

  • ’Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing humanity, and it is the world’s most vulnerable populations who are most immediately at risk. The actions of the wealthiest nations—those generating the vast majority of greenhouse gases—have tangible consequences for people in the rest of the world, especially in the poorest nations.’

    Michael R. Bloomberg Mayor of the City of New York

  • The world’s poor and future generations cannot afford the complacency and prevarication that continues to characterize international negotiations on climate change. (United Nations)

  • “the cost of stabilization can be limited to around one percent of global GDP a year” – Sir Nicholas Stern


Domestic policy
Domestic Policy

  • Cap and Trade

    • The idea

      • Set a limit on CO2 emissions

      • Issue permits (Auction)

      • Allow trading

    • The reality

      • Limits will be influenced by politics

      • Permits allocation subject to politics

      • Supply and demand uncertainty (price fluctuations)


Again my humble opinion
Again, My Humble Opinion

  • Tax CO2 emissions

    • 2011 - $5/Ton

    • 2020 - $50/Ton

  • The Pigou Club

    • http://gregmankiw.blogspot.com/2006/10/pigou-club-manifesto.html


Resources
Resources

  • http://rff.org/focus_areas/Pages/Energy_and_Climate.aspx

  • http://www.ft.com/indepth/copenhagen-climate-conference

  • http://www.nature.com/climate/2010/1002/full/climate.2010.09.html

  • http://www.rff.org/rff/Publications/upload/31809_1.pdf