Chapter 2 States & Nations. THE ORIGINS OF THE STATE. The modern state system begins with the Peace of Westphalia , 1648 . Westphalian System: The modern state system that many believe emerged out of the 1648 Peace of Westphalia: based on the sovereignty of states
Feudalism dominated until the 1600s.
Types of Nations:
Ethnic Nation: National identity based on a sense of common ethnicity or culture.
Theocratic Nation: National identity based on a common commitment to a particular religion.
Civic Nation: A national identity based on a shared commitment to a form of government and a STATE.
Palestinian Ethnic Nation
American Civic Nation
Nationalism: Thebelief that people with a common national identity (usually marked by a shared culture and history) have the right to form an independent state and to govern themselves free of external intervention.
Wealth of Nationsby Adam Smith (published in 1776) outlined the basic concepts of capitalism.
Communism: a new governing ideology in some STATES