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Enterprise Opportunities for Farm Biomass Production and Decentralized Electricity Generation from Biomass Feedstock in Sri Lanka: Do Poor Women & Men Benefit Equally. Prof. Anoja Wickramasinghe University of Peradeniya SRI LANKA. Outline of the Presentation. Brief overview of the project;

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slide1

Enterprise Opportunities for Farm Biomass Production and Decentralized Electricity Generation from Biomass Feedstock in Sri Lanka: Do Poor Women & Men Benefit Equally

Prof. Anoja Wickramasinghe University of Peradeniya

SRI LANKA

outline of the presentation
Outline of the Presentation
  • Brief overview of the project;
  • The features of the Gender-Energy Nexus;
  • Conditions influencing the benefits;
  • Lessons learned and challenges;

1. Analytical work;

2. Policy and Institutions;

3. Lessons for project planning;

4. Challenges for project planning.

  • Contribution of this work.
the overview
The Overview
  • Two pilot projects in two geographical locations;
  • Cases on modern biomass energy technology – converting solid biomass to electricity;
  • Focus on solving issues of electricity supply for 35% of the population not benefited from gird electricity;
  • Typology of cases:

1. Electricity for national grid - Private sector partnership;

2. Off-grid supply for village electrification- NGO & CBO;

  • Two approaches;
  • Private sector promoted commercial approach;
  • Community-based energy enterprise approach;
  • Projects designed without gender goals.
slide5

Biomass Supply Systems

FOREST

RESERVES

HEDGES

PADDY

HEDGES

Household

DENDRO-PLANT

LIVE

FENCES

HOMEGARDENS

Prior to Dendro-energy project; With Dendro-energy project

slide10

Analytical work using gender as a key variable

Direction for Improvement

Gender cross- cutting variable

Problems & Opportunities

BIOMASS

ENERGY

SYSTEM

National Situation

Local Involvement

Dendro-Policy Objectives

Changes in Local Situation

Project Intervention

Base-Line Situation/Context

lessons learned project planning
Lessons Learned - Project Planning
  • Projects designed for providing electricity do not reflect gender concerns/goals;
  • Community-based energy projects motivate local people men & women to involve;
  • Private sector projects are concerned over large-scale energy generation, so community is not involved in planning;
  • Both projects provide enterprise opportunities for biomass producers;
  • Where equal opportunities are available for women they directly contribute to realize MDGs;
challenges project planning
Challenges – Project Planning
  • Gender integrated energy project planning;
  • Micro- finance for women to invest in energy development is essential to ensure multiple roles of energy;
  • Restructuring the planning process using gender disaggregated data;
  • Holistic approach to energy projects, programs and policies;
  • Changing ideology on energy, women, energy needs and contribution to Sustainable development;
  • Promotion of institutional mechanisms for involving women in energy decisions.
contribution of this work
Contribution of this Work
  • Case study on dendro-energy interventions;
  • Awareness of gender & needs for integrating multiple elements for effectiveness;
  • Application of gender disaggregated data base for energy projects;
  • Training provided on gender integrated energy planning;
  • Gender as a framework for policy planning & entry point for promoting gender integrated modern energy development.
slide17

Lets Grow

Our Own Energy

Thank You

Re-Greening Sri Lanka