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Manage Casualty Operations

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  1. Manage Casualty Operations

  2. Terminal Learning Objective • Action: Manage the Casualty Operations Program • Condition: Given access to AR 25-50, AR 600-8-1, DA Form 1156, and FM 1-0 in a classroom environment. • Standard: The students will have met the standard of 70% accuracy, when they have: 1. Defined the principles of casualty operations 2. Defined the use and purpose of forms used in casualty operations 3. Determined the principles of the casualty notification process 4. Identified the purpose and content of letters of sympathy and condolence 5. Identified the responsibilities of each echelon related to casualty operations

  3. References • AR 25-50, Preparing and Managing Correspondence • AR 600-8-1, Army Casualty Program • FM 1-0, Human Resources Doctrine, (FINAL DRAFT)

  4. Outline • Principles of casualty operations • Casualty Feeder Card (DA Form 1156) • Casualty notification process • Letters of sympathy and condolence • Responsibilities of each echelon

  5. Casualty Operations Mission • Record, report, verify, and process casualty information from unit level to HQDA • Notify appropriate individuals and provide casualty assistance to the NOK

  6. Casualty Program Functions • Casualty reporting • Casualty notification • Casualty assistance • Mortuary affairs • Line of duty determination

  7. Casualty Operations Functions • Casualty Reporting

  8. Casualty Defined • Any person declared lost to his or her organization by having been declared: • Dead • Diseased • DUSTWUNDuty Status - Whereabouts Unknown • RMC – Returned to Military Control • Missing* • Injured/ILLVery Seriously Wounded, Injured or Ill (VSI)Seriously Wounded, Injured or Ill (SI)Not Seriously Wounded, Injured or Ill (NSI) • Missing, MIA, Interned, Captured, Beleaguered, Besieged, Detained

  9. Special Interest/Categories • Unique or bizarre circumstances that may generate media interest • Any casualty incident involving persons or special interest • Active/retired general officers and designees • Bn/Bde or higher level Cdrs in hostile fire areas • Advisory field grade officers in hostile fire areas • Former/present Sergeants Major of the Army • Government official/public figure under Army sponsorship • Returned prisoners of war • Others identified by Director, CMAOC

  10. Wartime Casualties • Anyone with knowledge reports via chain of command • Unit CDR initiates casualty information flow • Use DA Form 1156 (Casualty Feeder Report) • Bottom line: Report all casualties on the battlefield (American civilians, other services, Allied forces, and other unit’s soldiers)

  11. Coordination • Medical – battalion aid station and medical company to monitor casualty status • Logistical – Mortuary affairs collection points, personal effects disposition with Battalion S4, movement of personnel • Provost Marshal – Straggler information • Investigation Officer – 15-6 investigations • Division Safety Office – Friendly fire incidents

  12. Initial Casualty Reporting Items • #1 Casualty rpt type • #2 Type of casualty • #3 Casualty status • #4 Report number • #7 Personnel Type • #8 SSN • #9 Name • #12 Rank/grade (Service members only) • #13 Service • #14 Unit of assignment • #36 Incident date/time • #37 Incident place • #39 Circumstances • #40 Inflicting force (only if hostile related) Note: There are 92 possible items of information for a completed casualty report

  13. Types of Casualty Reports • Initial (INIT) • Status Change (STACH) • Supplemental (SUPP) • Prognosis or Progress (PROG) • Health and Welfare

  14. Casualty Status • Very Seriously Wounded, Injured, or ILL (VSI) • Seriously Wounded, Injured, or ILL (SI) • Not Seriously Injured or ILL (NSI) • Special Interest (SPEINT)

  15. DCIPS Forward (DCIPS-FWD) • Intuitively simpler • Field deployable casualty reporting software • Standardizes casualty reports • Produces reports and queries for commanders • Unclassified system – data is FOUO E-Mail

  16. Check on Learning

  17. Outline • Principles of casualty operations • Casualty Feeder Card (DA Form 1156) • Casualty notification process • Letters of sympathy and condolence • Responsibilities of each echelon

  18. DA Form 1156 (Front)

  19. DA Form 1156 (Front) Mandatory Fields

  20. DA Form 1156 (Back) Mandatory Fields

  21. DA Form 1156 (Back) Authentication

  22. Check on Learning

  23. Outline • Principles of casualty operations • Casualty Feeder Card (DA Form 1156) • Casualty notification process • Letters of sympathy and condolence • Responsibilities of each echelon

  24. DD Form 93 / SGLV • DD Form 93 (Record of Emergency Data) • Importance • Review/Update • SGLV 8286 (Servicemember’s Group Life Insurance)

  25. Casualty Notification • Line of Succession to Establish NOK • Responsibility of Notification • Manner of Notification • Selecting Casualty Notifiers • Notification Information • Hours of Notification • Do’s and Don’ts for Notification

  26. Notification Rules • Notification Timelines (within receipt of INIT) • Deceased, DUSTWUN, Missing – 4 hours • Injured or Ill casualties – 2 hours • Frequent reasons for delays in notification: - Complex and non-traditional families - Distance to PNOK/SNOK location - PNOK/SNOK at work/on vacation - DD Form 93 info incorrect/missing

  27. LEW LEW DRU DIX MEA LEV MDW KNO CAR BEL RIL LEE EUS LEO BRA CAM/KNO SIL GOR JAC HUA RUC BEN MCP HOO BLI STE POL SAM CONUS CACs

  28. OCONUS CACs HAWAII (Schofield Brks) ALASKA (Ft. Richardson) PUERTO RICO (Ft. Buchanan) EUROPE (1st PERSCOM) KOREA (8th PERSCOM) KUWAIT (CENTCOM) JAPAN(Camp Zama) OKINAWA (10th ASG) Contingency CACs established as needed.

  29. Reporting CAC Reporting CAC CasualtyOccurs CMAOC SupportingCAC Notification ofNext of Kin (NOK) Notification ofNext of Kin (NOK) Home Station CAC Notification ofNext of Kin (NOK) Assistance of NOK Assistance of NOK Casualty Notification Flow If NOK is not in Reporting CAC region, but in HSCAC region If NOK is not in Reporting CAC or HSCAC region If NOK is in Reporting CAC region Assistance of NOK

  30. Theater Casualties BN S1 (Verify) BDE S1 (INIT Rpt) CasualtyOccurs Unit (DA FM 1156) Contingency CAC CMAOC Notification And Assistance Procedures from Previous Slide

  31. Casualty Assistance • Assist NOK immediately following a casualty • Assist in settling survivor benefit claims and survivor benefits • Assist in other personnel-related affairs • Serve as Army liaison to pass information between the Army and the family

  32. CAO Packets • HQDA CAO guide • Veterans’ Affairs and Social Security Administration location and numbers • Telephone and email addresses of officials who can provide assistance • Appendix A, AR 600-8-1 and all required forms • List of service organizations, including Army Emergency Relief and Red Cross • Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) CAO guide • Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) • Guide for surviving family members

  33. Check on Learning

  34. Outline • Principles of casualty operations • Casualty Feeder Card (DA Form 1156) • Casualty notification process • Letters of sympathy and condolence • Responsibilities of each echelon

  35. Letters of Sympathy Description • Sent to PNOK of deceased • Separate letters sent to separated/divorced parents who are PNOK • Not sent when NOK is fully aware of casualty circumstances • Initiator is supervisor or unit commander • Contingency – field grade commander • NOK may desire letter from previous commander

  36. Letters of Sympathy Procedures When CAC confirms notification of family member, CAC/Deployed G1 forwards letters of sympathy to the NOK. • CONUS Casualty • 24 hours after notification • OCONUS Casualty • 72 hours after incident or INIT report • Contingency-7 days after incident or INIT report

  37. Letters of Sympathy Content(Do include) Content should include: • Sincere and simple language • Answers to usual questions • Comfort the NOK • Did not suffer • Memorial Service/last rites • Other factual, important details

  38. Letters of Sympathy Content(Do not include) Content should NOT include: • Unfitting compliments and ghastly descriptions • Photographs depicting casualties • In missing cases, statements to lose hope • Information that conflicts with previous data • Statements about posthumous promotion, decoration or award • Predominately military terms and abbreviations • Any statements that can be basis for claim

  39. Letters of Condolence Primary situations: • Chain of command (other than immediate commander) wishes to express condolences to NOK • Immediate commander of a DA civilian employee

  40. Check on Learning

  41. Outline • Principles of casualty operations • Casualty Feeder Card (DA Form 1156) • Casualty notification process • Letters of sympathy and condolence • Responsibilities of each echelon

  42. Casualty Flow

  43. Casualty Liaison Teams (CLTs) • HR personnel attached to medical facilities and theater mortuary affairs activities • Mission is to obtain, verify, update and disseminate casualty information • When deployed, CLTs work directly for the Casualty Operations Division of the HRSC operating the theater CAC and provide support to hospitals and G-1 sections, unless otherwise determined by OPORD. • CLTs are resourced from organic personnel

  44. Agencies at Multiple Echelons • Battalion S-1 (Para. E-3) • Brigade/BCT S-1 (Para. E-4) • Division/Corps G-1 (Para. E-5) • Human Resources Sustainment Center (HRSC) (Para. E-6) • Theater Army Casualty and Records Center (TACREC) (Para. E-7/E-8) • Human Resources Command (HRC) Casualty and Memorial Affairs Operations Center (CMAOC) (Para. E-10)

  45. Check on Learning

  46. Practical Exercise “The Light” Case Study

  47. Terminal Learning Objective • Action: Manage the Casualty Operations Program • Condition: Given access to AR 25-50, AR 600-8-1, DA Form 1156, and FM 1-0 in a classroom environment. • Standard: The students will have met the standard of 70% accuracy, when they have: 1. Defined the principles of casualty operations 2. Defined the use and purpose of forms used in casualty operations 3. Determined the principles of the casualty notification process 4. Identified the purpose and content of letters of sympathy and condolence 5. Identified the responsibilities of each echelon related to casualty operations

  48. Questions?