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CASUALTY EVACUATION OPERATIONS. PURPOSE. The purpose of this briefing is to provide an overview of casualty evacuation procedures and to provide you the information necessary to set up a SOP for casualty evacuation procedures at your respective sites.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

CASUALTY

EVACUATION

OPERATIONS

purpose
PURPOSE

The purpose of this briefing is to

provide an overview of casualty

evacuation procedures and to

provide you the information

necessary to set up a SOP for

casualty evacuation procedures at

your respective sites

slide3

TASK: Conduct cas-evac operations

CONDITIONS: In a field environment, given an injured soldier, a radio, a combat lifesaver bag, and the desire to save their buddy’s life.

STANDARDS: Soldiers must demonstrate a general knowledge of cas-evac operations, properly format and submit a med-evac request utilizing the “nine line” format.

references
REFERENCES
  • FM 8-10-4, Medical Platoon Leader’s Handbook (TTPs)
  • FM 7-20, The Infantry Battalion
  • CTC Trends, JRTC, Nov 97, No. 97-19
  • CALL Newsletter, Jul 99, No. 99-6
  • CMTC Trends Compendium Apr 98
  • FM 21-11, First Aid for Soldiers
agenda
AGENDA
  • REDUCING COMBAT DEATHS
  • CHS LIFESAVING MEASURES
  • IMPORTANCE OF THE CLS
  • PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS
  • MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES
  • TRANSPORTATION OF CASUALTIES
  • CATEGORIES OF PRECEDENCE
  • THE MEDEVAC REQUEST
slide6

REDUCING COMBAT DEATHS

  • Majority of combat deaths occur on
  • The battlefield before evacuation
  • Takes place
  • 80% of combat deaths occur within
  • First hour after initial injury
  • 50% of combat deaths are a result
  • of the soldier bleeding to death
  • Of these 50% of combat deaths, 40%
  • could have lived had the bleeding
  • been stopped
slide7

CHS LIFESAVING MEASURES

  • SELF-AID
  • BUDDY AID
  • COMBAT LIFESAVER
  • COMBAT MEDIC
  • TREATMENT SQUAD
slide8

WHAT IS A COMBAT LIFESAVER?

  • A MEMBER OF THE
  • SQUAD OR CREW
  • TRAINED, EVALUATED &
  • CERTIFIED IN MEDICAL SKILLS
  • EXPERTISE BEYOND BASIC
  • FIRST AID
slide9

COMBAT LIFESAVER’S ROLE

  • ADDITIONAL LIFESAVING EXPERTISE
  • AT THE SQUAD/CREW LEVEL
  • EXTENSION OF THE PLATOON MEDIC
  • USES SKILLS & EQUIPMENT CONSISTENT
  • WITH HIS SECONDARY MISSION
  • PRIMARY MOS IS FIRST RESPONSIBILITY
slide10

Basic Planning Considerations

  • Medical Evacuation
  • Medical Treatment Facilities
planning medical evacuation
Planning Medical Evacuation
  • Medical evacuation requirements and units available are listed to include their locations, missions, and attachments.
  • Location of casualty collecting points and ambulance exchange points are placed on overlays.
  • Identify routes, means and schedules (if any) of evacuation and responsibilities.
  • Evacuation request procedures and channels.
medical treatment facilities
Medical Treatment Facilities
  • Medical treatment facilities (aid stations, hospitals).
  • Locations and missions of appropriate medical treatment facilities.
slide13

EXECUTION:

Casualty evacuation is a team effort. The primary duty of a combat lifesaver is the mission. Treatment of casualties is secondary. Appropriate ground and air evacuation techniques should be used based on METT-T and on patient categories of precedence (URGENT, PRIORITY, and ROUTINE).

COMMUNICATIONS:

Redundant communications are important to timely casualty evacuation.

SAFETY:

Leaders must retain common sense and attention to safety considerations despite their concern for casualties.

transportation of casualties
Transportation of Casualties
  • When the situation is urgent you may have to transport the casualty. For this reason, you must know how to transport him without increasing the seriousness of his condition.
  • Transporting a casualty by litter is safer and more comfortable for him than by manual means; it is also easier for you.
  • Manual transportation, however, may be the only feasible method because of the terrain or the combat situation.
standard evacuation types
Standard Evacuation Types

UH-60A/Q Ambulance

*An M113 series Armored Ambulance can carry 4 litters

slide18

Casualty Evacuation TTPs

  • USE SPECIALIZED
  • EQUIPMENT
  • POLELESS LITTER
  • SKED LITTER
  • DESIGNATE AND TRAIN
  • AID AND LITTER TMS
slide19

The rapidly employable lightweight litter, referred to as the SKEDS litter, is designed to be used as a rescue system in most types of terrain, including mountains, jungle, waterborne, and on snow or ice.

manual carries one man
Manual Carries (One Man)
  • Fireman’s Carry
  • Support Carry
  • Arms Carry
  • Pistol-belt Carry and Drag
  • Neck Drag
manual carries two man
Manual Carries (two man)
  • Two man support carry
  • Two man arms carry
  • Two man fore-and-aft carry
  • Two hand seat carry
slide25

CATEGORIES OF

PRECEDENCE FOR

EVACUATION

URGENT-PATIENT WHO SHOULD BE EVACUATED AS SOON AS POSSIBLE AND WITHIN TWO HOURSTO SAVE LIFE, LIMB, OR EYESIGHT.

PRIORITY-PATIENT WHO SHOULD BE MOVED WITHIN FOUR HOURS OR HIS/HER CONDITION WILL DETERIORATE TO SUCH A DEGREE THAT HE WILL BECOME URGENT.

ROUTINE-PERSONNEL WHOSE CONDITION IS NOT EXPECTED TO WORSEN SIGNIFICANTLY AND WHO WILL REQUIRE EVACUATIONIN THE NEXT 24 HOURS.

slide26

MEDEVAC REQUEST FORMAT

  • LINEITEM/BREVITY CODES
  • 1 Location of pickup site
  • 2 Frequency/Call sign of pickup site
  • 3 Number of patients by precedence
    • A - URGENT
    • C - PRIORITY
    • D - ROUTINE
  • 4 Special equipment
    • A - NONE
    • B - HOIST
    • C - EXTRACTION EQUIPMENT
    • D - VENTILATOR
  • 5 Number of patients by type
    • L + # LITTER
    • A + # AMBULATORY
  • 6 Security of pickup site
    • N - NO ENEMY
    • P - POSSIBLE ENEMY
    • E - ENEMY IN AREA
    • X - ARMED ESCORT NEEDED
  • 7Method of marking pickup site
    • A - PANELS
    • B - PYROTECHNICS
    • C - SMOKE
    • D - NONE
    • E - OTHER
  • 8Patient nationality and status
    • A - US MILITARY
    • B - US CIVILIAN
    • C - NON US MILITARY
    • D - NON US CIVILIAN
    • E - EPW
  • 9NBC contamination
    • N - NUCLEAR
    • B - BIOLOGICAL
    • C – CHEMICAL
slide27

LINE 1

LOCATION OF THE

PICKUP SITE

number of patients by precedence

LINE 3

NUMBER OF PATIENTS BY PRECEDENCE

BREVITY CODES:

A- URGENT

C -PRIORITY

D -ROUTINE

special equipment required

LINE 4

SPECIAL EQUIPMENT REQUIRED

BREVITY CODES:

  • A NONE
  • B HOIST
  • C EXTRACTION EQUIPMENT
  • D VENTILATOR
number of patients by type

LINE 5

NUMBER OF PATIENTS BY TYPE

BREVITY CODES:

  • L + #Patients Litter
  • A + #Patients Ambulatory
security of pickup site wartime

LINE 6

SECURITY OF PICKUP SITE (WARTIME)

BREVITY CODES:

  • N NO ENEMY
  • P POSSIBLE ENEMY TROOPS IN AREA (APPROACH WITH CAUTION)
  • E ENEMY TROOPS IN AREA (APPROACH WITH CAUTION)
  • X ENEMY TROOPS IN AREA

(ARMED ESCORT REQUIRED)

number and type of wound injury or illness peacetime

LINE 6

NUMBER AND TYPE OF WOUND, INJURY, OR ILLNESS (PEACETIME)

GIVE SPECIFIC INFORMATION, GUNSHOT WOUND, BLEEDING AND BLOOD TYPE IF KNOWN

line 7 method of marking pickup site
LINE 7METHOD OF MARKING PICKUP SITE

BREVITY CODE:

  • A PANELS
  • B PYROTECHNIC SIGNAL
  • C SMOKE SIGNAL
  • D NONE
  • E OTHER
line 8 patient nationality and status
LINE 8PATIENT NATIONALITY AND STATUS

ENCRYPT BREVITY CODE:

  • A US MILITARY
  • B US CIVILIAN
  • C NON-US MILITARY
  • D NON-US CIVILIAN
  • E EPW (Detainee)
line 9 nbc contamination wartime
LINE 9NBC CONTAMINATION(Wartime)

ENCRYPT BREVITY CODE:

  • N NUCLEAR
  • B BIOLOGICAL
  • C CHEMICAL
line 9 terrain description peacetime
LINE 9TERRAIN DESCRIPTION(PEACETIME)

INCLUDE DETAILS OF TERRAIN FEATURES IN AND AROUND PROPOSED LANDING SITE

example
Example

“Badger03 this is Badger76 MEDEVAC 9 line follows—over”

“This is Badger03 send it –over”

“line 1-- UV 8945 4452

“line 2-- 30300 in the red, badger76

“line 3-- 1C

“line 4-- A

“line 5-- 1A

“line 6-- N

“line 6-- 1, broken ankle compound fracture (peacetime)

“line 7-- C

“line 8--A

“line 9-- NONE

“line 9-- Open field no power lines.(peacetime)

“Over”

“This is Badger03 roger out”

summary
SUMMARY
  • REDUCING COMBAT DEATHS
  • CHS LIFESAVING MEASURES
  • IMPORTANCE OF THE CLS
  • PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS
  • MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES
  • TRANSPORTATION OF CASUALTIES
  • CATEGORIES OF PRECEDENCE
  • THE MEDEVAC REQUEST