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Classification. Criteria for classification as reported in an ancient Chinese encyclopedia (Lakoff 1987):. “…it is written that animals are divided into:. those that belong to the Emperor. embalmed ones. those that are trained. suckling pigs. mermaids. fabulous ones. stray dogs.
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Criteria for classification as reported in an ancient Chinese encyclopedia (Lakoff 1987):
“…it is written that animals are divided into:
those that belong to the Emperor
those that are trained
those that tremble as if they were mad
those that have just broken a flower vase
study and classification of organisms with the goal of reconstructing their evolutionary history
Taxonomy- study of classification
science of identifying, naming and classifying organisms into groups
Developed binomial naming system
The Mushroom Coral
A species is both defined by its genus name and specific name.
Ex. Fungia scutaria
Fungia- genus name
scutaria- species name
Organisms that are genetically similar, and have ability to interbreed and produce viable, fertile offspring
of the ways we
can classify animals?
Cell structure: multi or single celled, nucleus/no nucleus, cell wall/no cell wall, chlorophyll present/not present,
Internal/External skeleton: back bone, bone/cartilage
Energy: autotrophic, heterotrophic, chemotrophic
Respiratory system: gills, lungs, gas exchange across skin/epithelium
Circulatory system: closed/open, # of chambers in a heart
Six kingdom system:
Three domain system:
E U K A R Y A
Eight kingdom system:
- Purple sulfur bacteria- chemoautotrophic
- Blue-green algae (cyano)- photoautotrophic
- E. coli- heterotrophic
Halophilia hawaiiana- only form of seagrass in Hawaii
no true tissues
Purple and yellow
Class Hydrozoa- hydroids
Class Scyphozoa- jellies
Class Cubozoa- box jellies
Class Anthozoa- corals and anemones
Phylum Ctenophora- comb jellies
Phylum Platyhelmithes- flat worms
Spanish Dancer (nudibranch)
& egg mass
Slate pencil urchin
Yellow spotted guard crab
Hawaiian cleaner shrimp
Anemone carrying hermit crab
Banded coral shrimp
680 species of fish in the islands' waters.
About 30% of these fish are endemic to the area .
Whales & Dolphins
Seals & sealions