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Domestication of animals. Domestication as process. Human selection for desirable traits controlled breeding. How do you recognize a domesticated animal?. What criteria are used.

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Domestication of animals


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    1. Domestication of animals

    2. Domestication as process Human selection for desirable traits controlled breeding

    3. How do you recognize a domesticated animal? What criteria are used

    4. “It’s Bob alright…but look at those vacuous eyes, that stupid grin on his face --- he’s been domesticated, I tell you.”

    5. Common (biological) criteria • Size - domesticates tend to be smaller • less sexually dimorphic • neotonous characteristics • domesticates resemble juveniles of wild forms • Explosion in genetic research

    6. Maned wolf Coyote St. Bernard

    7. domesticated vs. tended • May tend animals- but genetically are wild • keep in pens • Feed (deer fed corn) • transport to new areas • hutias in the Caribbean

    8. Old World Animals Dog – Oldest, but not for food Sheep Goat Pig Cow Camel Chicken

    9. WATER BUFFALO

    10. CHINA - PIGS, CATTLE, CHICKENS WATER BUFFALO – for work

    11. Cultural criteria for domestication Imagery, shrines

    12. CATAL HUYUK Çatalhöyük Turkey (Neolithic)

    13. Turkey • had domestic sheep, goats, and CATTLE • wheat, barley • Wild fruits, nuts

    14. Cattle shrines Bull worship cult

    15. Modern Pastoralists Andean herders

    16. Masai • Cattle are not eaten • Use milk –various forms • Blood – cattle are bled

    17. New World Animal Domestication • 2 centers • Mesoamerica - Central Mexican highlands • Central Andean region

    18. Mesoamerica • Turkey • Muscovy duck • sting less bee • dog- hairless dog

    19. Central Andes • New World camelids (3500 B.C. cave sites) • llama (from guanaco) • alpaca (from vicuna) • guinea pig (3500 B.C.) • dog

    20. Camelidae of the Americas Wild ancestors = guanacos and vicunas Alpacas Llamas

    21. Charki (dried camelid meat) = Jerky Chayro – type of soup, Bolivia

    22. Guinea pigs

    23. Secondary Products Items animal provides over lifetime wool, dung, milk, blood

    24. Animals of utility • Traction • Transport • as pack animals • as personal transport • Protection • Companionship - pets

    25. Animal provides at death= non-renewable Meat, organs, hide, fat, sinew