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Leaf Collection

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  1. Leaf Collection 7th grade Science Plants

  2. Objective Collect and identify up to 20 different leaves of Northeast Wisconsin.

  3. Identifying Trees • The first step in tree identification is knowing that there are always distinguishing characteristics that separate one tree species from another.

  4. What do I look at? • TREE TYPE --Deciduous or Conifer?  Tree or a shrub? Determining these things starts you off on your way to tree identification. • LEAF --Leaves are often the easiest way to identify most trees. Are the leaves arranged in an opposite or alternate pattern? • BARK --Bark can be helpful for identifying some types of trees.  • FRUIT --The wide variety of fruit shapes makes them useful when identifying trees.  • TWIG --You can actually tell a lot just by looking at the twig. • FORM --The way a tree grows can tell you a great deal about a tree. 

  5. Deciduous or Coniferous? Coniferous Deciduous

  6. Deciduous trees lose their leaves before the cold or dry season. Before the leaves fall off they often turn orange, red, or yellow. But, new leaves will appear again in the spring. Deciduous trees also always have some type of a fruit or pod holding the seed. Coniferous trees have small and waxy leaves, usually called needles. Most conifers keep their leaves all year long. The seed in conifers are usually found in a cone of some sort. Scientists refers to the seed of conifers as “naked seeds” because they are not enclosed in anything. Deciduous & Coniferous

  7. Coniferous Step 1 • After you have decided if your tree is a conifer the next step is to look at the leaves (needles). Needle shaped or Not needle shaped White Cedar Spruce

  8. ConiferousStep 2 • If the leaves are scaly (not needle shaped) you have identified a cedar. • If the leaves are needle shaped you have to determine if they are single, grouped, or clustered.

  9. ConiferousStep 3 • Single needles means you have a spruce, fir, or hemlock! Flat needles or Angled needles Fir Spruce

  10. ConiferousStep 4 • Grouped needles are Pine trees! White Pine = 5 needles per group Red Pine = 2 long needles per group Jack Pine = 2 short and twisted needles per group

  11. ConiferousStep 5 • Clustered needles are the conifers that lose their leaves during the cold and dry months. Tamaracks and larches are good examples of deciduous conifers. Clustered Needles Tamaracks and a spruce during the fall

  12. DeciduousStep 1 • Look at the branching next: Alternate or Opposite

  13. DeciduousStep 2 • Now you have to decide if you have a simple or compound leaf. Simple Leaves or Compound Leaves

  14. DeciduousStep 3 • Next you need to look at the leaf’s veins. Palmate Veins or Pinnate Veins

  15. DeciduousStep 4 • Now determine if your leaves are lobed or not lobed. Lobed or Not Lobed

  16. DeciduousStep 5 • By now you may already have your leaf identified. If not you will need to keep going. The next few slides will point out some other unique characteristics of trees and leaves that make them easy to identify. Unique Tree Here are some ginkgo leaves. They look like they would be deciduous but they are actually classified as a type of gymnosperm. Does anyone one know why that may be?

  17. Deciduous Step 6 • Are there thorns present? Hawthorn Tree

  18. DeciduousStep 7 • Is your leaf toothed or smooth? Toothed or Smooth

  19. DeciduousStep 8 • What does the base of your leaf look like? FlatUnevenHeart Basswood Cottonwood Elm

  20. DeciduousStep 9 • Does the tree have a unique type of bark? Paper BirchShagbark Hickory

  21. DeciduousStep 10 • Sometimes deciduous leaves are very narrow. WillowsRussian-Olive

  22. Time to Review • Directions: • Read the questions carefully • Select the best answer and click on it to see if you are correct or not. • After you have answered the question click on the button in the bottom right corner to take you to the next screen.

  23. Review 1 Are these coniferous or deciduous trees? Coniferous Deciduous

  24. Excellent You have been listening! Next Screen

  25. Incorrect So now you should know the answer was deciduous. Deciduous trees have the broad leaves that will fall off during winter. Next Screen

  26. Review 2 What type of trees hold their seeds in a cone of some sort? Coniferous Or Deciduous

  27. Great Job You are getting this! Next Screen

  28. Incorrect Deciduous trees hold their seeds in some sort of a fruit or pod. Conifers have their seeds in a cone. Next Screen

  29. Review 3 • What type of needles do Pine trees have? Clustered Needles Grouped Needles Single Needles

  30. Correct Pines always have grouped needles! Next Screen

  31. Sorry Try Again Next Screen

  32. Sorry Try Again Next Screen

  33. Review 4 • What type of needles do Spruce trees have? Clustered Needles Grouped Needles Single Needles

  34. Correct Spruce trees all have single needles. Next Screen

  35. Sorry Try Again Next Screen

  36. Sorry Try Again Next Screen

  37. Review 5 • Single needles are going to be flat or angled. What is the picture below showing? Flat Angled

  38. Correct The picture was showing needles from a hemlock. Hemlocks are easy to recognize with their short flat needles. Next Screen

  39. Incorrect The picture was showing needles from a hemlock. Hemlocks are easy to recognize with their short flat needles. Next Screen

  40. Review 6 • What type of branching is the picture showing? Alternate Opposite

  41. Correct Good job listening! Next Screen

  42. Incorrect The picture was showing you opposite branching. Next Screen

  43. Review 7 • Are these simple or compound leaves? Compound Simple

  44. Correct The compound leaves on the left were from a black walnut and the leaves on the right were from a shagbark hickory. Next Screen

  45. Incorrect Simple leaves only have one leaf connected to the stem. Compound leaves as you can see have many leaves connected to the one stem. Next Screen

  46. Review 8 • What type of veins do these leaves have? Pinnate Veins Palmate Veins

  47. Correct Maple and Oak leaves always have palmate veins. Next Screen

  48. Incorrect Pinnate veins look like this: Next Screen

  49. Review 9 • Are these leaves lobed or not lobed? Lobed Not lobed

  50. Correct Elm leaves are not lobed. Next Screen