Animal Communication. Ling 001, Spring 2009. Starting Points . The idea that humans are biologically equipped for language… How does “general intelligence” (however you would measure that) correlate with linguistic ability?
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Ling 001, Spring 2009
Question : Would an unreliable wrrr-er be treated as unreliable for chuttering?
chut. Wrr chut.
chut. Wrr chut.
Result: Witnessing bees (the majority) went to the source that was indicated by the dance, not the source actually visited by the dancing bees (who were giving false information)
This is consistent with the communication hypothesis, but not the odor-alone hypothesis.
“…ethologists who study natural communication differ from psychologists who try to teach human language to other species in the same way as anthropologists differ from missionaries. Anthropologists try to understand the natives whereas missionaries try to civilize them.”
Lana: Color of this orange
Lana: Tim give cup which-is red
Lana: Tim give which-is shut ?Shelley give ?
Tim: No Shelley
Lana: Eye // Tim give which-is orange?
Tim: What which-is orange
Lana: Tim give apple which-is green ?
Tim: No apple which-is green
Lana: Tim give apple which-is orange ?
Note the use of fixed
expressions and the fact that the trainer introduced color into the conversation