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Gender and Glo bal Capitalism: World Market Factories and Plantations. International Perspectives on Gender Week 19. Structure of lecture. Introduction The Old International Division of Labour The New International Division of Labour Free Trade Zones & Export Processing Zones
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International Perspectives on Gender
‘It is not necessary that the older civilised countries should build up manufacturing rivals in the undeveloped countries. They will undoubtedly do this to some extent but the logical path to be pursued is that of the development of the natural riches of the tropical countries. These countries are now peopled by races incapable on their own initiative of extracting its full riches from the own soil.... What is involved... (for the present) is not a revolution in the habits and capacities of the peoples of the tropics, but only their equipment with the best means of rendering their territory productive. This will be attained in some cases by the mere stimulus of government and direction by men of the temperate zones; but it will be attained also by the application of modern machinery and methods of culture to the agricultural and mineral resources of the undeveloped countries’.
Source: The United States Investor 1901, cited in Kofi BuenorHadjor (1992) The Penguin Dictionary of Third World Terms, London: Penguin
Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan
Thailand, Malaysia, China, Brazil, Turkey, Mexico, South Africa, inter alia.
Burma, Vietnam, Bangladesh
1. What has industrialisation achieved in Malaysia? What problems has it brought?
2. How is industrial employment in Malaysia gendered?
3. How has incorporation into industrial work in Malaysia changed women’s lives?
Has ithad a positive or a negative effect?
4. How is female labour disciplined in Malaysia and what strategies are used by companies to increase productivity?
Source: The Open University (1991) ‘ Industrialisation in Malaysia’, The Developing WorldVideos, Milton Keynes: The Open University