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Relationships between migration, commuting and household structure. Oliver Duke-Williams o.w.duke-williams@leeds.ac.uk www.geog.leeds.ac.uk/people/.o.duke-williams/. Counting migrants and groups of migrants. Migrants move from origins to destinations People may move singly or in groups

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relationships between migration commuting and household structure

Relationships between migration, commuting and household structure

Oliver Duke-Williams

o.w.duke-williams@leeds.ac.uk

www.geog.leeds.ac.uk/people/.o.duke-williams/

counting migrants and groups of migrants
Counting migrants and groups of migrants
  • Migrants move from origins to destinations
  • People may move singly or in groups
  • Up until the 2001 Census, migrants were counted (in the Census) in two ways
    • As individual migrants
    • As wholly moving households
counting migrants in the 2001 census
Counting migrants in the 2001 Census
  • The 2001 Census introduced the concept of the moving group
    • Migrants within households are grouped on the basis of their common origins
absolute numbers of migrants
Absolute numbers of migrants

Migrants within UK, 2000-1

Source: 2001 Census Special Migration Statistics

migration rates
Migration rates

Migrants within UK – rates per 1000 at destination, 2000-1

Source: 2001 Census Special Migration Statistics

absolute numbers of migrants by origin type
Absolute numbers of migrants by origin type

Migrants within and into UK, 2000-1

Source: 2001 Census Special Migration Statistics

migration connectivity
Migration connectivity
  • Migration connectivity is a simple measure of how well places are connected to other places
    • It is affected by geography, but useful for comparing alternative characteristics given a fixed geography
about the bhps
About the BHPS
  • The British Household Panel Survey
    • A multi-purpose panel survey
    • Interviews all adults in a set of representative households
    • First wave in 1991: 5,500 households, 10,000 individuals
bhps migrants
BHPS: Migrants
  • The BHPS is a useful source of information about migrants
    • Individuals are tracked over many years
    • The household context is clear
    • Respondents are asked about intentions to migrate, and about reasons for recent migration events

Limitations

    • The sample size is small
    • The geography is limited
    • Migration tends to be a cause of attrition in longitudinal data sets
bhps data studied
BHPS data studied
  • Individuals from wave J (2000-1) were studied
    • This roughly matches the transition period over which migration is recorded in the 2001 Census
    • The data were linked to the next wave, in order to identify those who had moved during the period
characteristics of migrants in the bhps
Characteristics of migrants in the BHPS
  • Net balances by region, for movers within UK
characteristics of migrants in the bhps1
Characteristics of migrants in the BHPS
  • All respondents are asked when they moved to their present address
    • Data are highly dominated by recent moves
    • Other moves tend to be within last 10 years or so
    • The same pattern is apparent in other waves
wishes to move
Wishes to move
  • Separate questions ask whether respondents would
    • prefer to move
    • expect to move within the next year
preference and expectation
Preference and expectation
  • How to preference and expectation relate to each other?
prefer to move
Prefer to move
  • Does preference vary by age or sex?
is expectation realised
Is expectation realised?
  • How well does an expectation of a move predict an actual move?
    • Link waves
    • Compare expect to move vs. actual move status
    • Can look at:
      • Preference to move
      • Expecting to move
what about a year later
What about a year later?
  • What about a year later?
    • Are expected moves deferred?
reasons stated for moving
Reasons stated for moving
  • Those who expected to move and did move
  • Those who did not expect to move, but did move
reasons for moving
Reasons for moving
  • Stated reasons for an actual move incude employment reasons (various) and non-employment related
non employment reasons
Non-employment reasons
  • Look at reasons for moving amongst those who expected to move and did move
reasons for moving1
Reasons for moving
  • What about those who moved, but had not expected to do so?
reasons for moving2
Reasons for moving
  • Are reasons for moving different for those who do / do not move?
    • If respondents indicated that they would like to move, they were asked for reasons why
    • Did those who followed through on this wish quote different reasons?
reasons for moving3
Reasons for moving
  • Do stated reasons for moving vary by household type?
    • Look at most commonly cited reasons by individuals in different household types
effect of migration
Effect of migration
  • To what extent has migration been associated with a change in circumstances?
rg social class
RG Social class
  • Do migrants experience a change in Registrar General’s Social Class?
tenure
Tenure
  • Change in tenure
    • Using all persons
    • Use person 1 only
change in household type
Change in household type
  • Select movers in wave K
  • Compare household type in wave K with household type wave J
  • Fluctuations to household type due to age of children
  • Moves out of families into households of unrelated adults
conclusions
Conclusions
  • BHPS permits detailed analysis of relationships between migrants and their household context
  • Demonstrates changes in household structure associated with migration events
  • Motivations for moving are many and varied