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The Civil War Begins. The South Secedes. After the election of 1860 South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union. 10 other states decided to secede and formed the Confederate States of America.

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the south secedes
The South Secedes
  • After the election of 1860 South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union.
  • 10 other states decided to secede and formed the Confederate States of America.
  • Lincoln believed that individual states could not leave the nation and began fighting the Confederate to keep the Union together.
fort sumter
Fort Sumter
  • Located in Charleston, South Carolina
  • Because the commander would not surrender it, SC decided to starve the fort’s 100 troops to surrender.
  • Lincoln sent food to the troops, but before it arrived, Confederate artillery opened fire and captured the Fort
  • The Civil War began
southern advantages
Southern Advantages
  • Confederate soldiers fought on their own territory.
  • Had the nation’s most experienced war generals, Lee, A. Johnston, and J. Johnston
northern advantages
Northern Advantages
  • The North had twice as much railroad track and farmland.
  • The North had more population than the South.
  • The North had more resources to feed and equip their soldiers.
battle of bull run
Battle of Bull Run
  • About 30,000 Troops on both sides met at Manassas, Virginia.
  • Hundreds of people rode out to watch the battle.
  • The Confederates began to win the war and the Union troops panicked and retreated.
  • The Union realized this was going to be a long fought war.
soldiers life
Soldiers life
  • Many soldiers trained for 10 hours a day, ate hardtack (dry cracker)
  • Many were affected by diseases.
  • Prisoners of war died of diseases, starvation, and overcrowded prisons.