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Russian Ballet

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  1. Russian Ballet Русский балет и дилемма: Восток-Запад Simone Baron Dobro Slovo

  2. Pre-Soviet (Imperial) Ballet Царский блет Mariinsky Ballet/Kirov Ballet (1740s) in St. Petersburg Vaganova Academy of Russian Ballet in St. P (1738) by Empress Anna Bolshoi Ballet (1773) in Moscow http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CQZME7Us_DE

  3. Marius Petipa Мариус Пятипа “Father of Classical Ballet” –originally from France Worked with the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatre: Revised ballets for future generations (ie: Swan Lake, Giselle) Rose with dancers such as Anna Parlova Brought first real wave of fame to Russian ballet Classicism integrated with purity of French and Italian virtuosity

  4. Michel Fokine Михаил Фокин Started at the Vaganova Ballet Academy Debuted at Mariinsky Ballet, Petipa’sPaquita Stereotypical ballet traditions (Virtuoso ballet) were outdated No more miming, outdated costumes Pointe shoes, arm/torso experimentation http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QMEBFhVMZpU

  5. Soviet Ballet Советский балет Truly repressed: the Soviet Regime closed down or renamed many of the theaters and academies Example: Bright Stream (Shostakovich; Lopukhov 1935) How this affected composers, choreographers, ballerinas Bolshoi became a state-subsidized company – just like the renamed Kirov.

  6. Soviet Ballet Советский балет и Сталин Took the art out, rather used for propaganda Similar to other forms of art (ex: architecture) Stalin in the eyes of the arts “The proletariat needs ornament, decoration, adornment.” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2VhQLld8oSs

  7. Olga Lepishinskaya Ольга Лепесчинская Stalin’s favorite ballerina One of the most revered dancers of the Bolshoi Always danced for the Red Army Known as and elected as a member of the Communist Party All aspects of Soviet artistic culture integrated into the Soviet regime

  8. Post-Soviet (Russian) Ballet Россия сегодня Globalized integration of choreography and technique Now, American and Russian ballerinas can explore each other’s methods of dance without the restrictions of government The art form is independent of political influence

  9. Mikhail Baryshnikov Михаил Барышников While still in Russia, most celebrated dancer worldwide While in Canada, request political asylum, never to return to USSR Moved to United States in 1974 Worked with Balanchine in New York City Ballet Artistic director of American Ballet Theater (1980) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N8__iRsxG_A

  10. George Balanchine Георгий Баланчин 1934: Arrived in the United States New York City School of American Ballet Serenade His company (American Ballet, became the house company for the Met) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0nRmRTBaypo

  11. BibliographyБиблиография http://www.yonkershistory.org/fokine.html http://www.abt.org/education/archive/choreographers/petipa_m.html http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/22/arts/dance/22lepeshinskaya.html http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675037970_Stalin_Ballet_watching-a-performance_dignitaries-arrivehttp://www.unz.org/Pub/LiteraryDigest-1932dec17-00014