DAY - 1. ASSEMBLING A COMPUTER And INSTALLING COMPONENTS. Process Demonstration. Watch the video, “Assembling a Computer*” for a demonstration how a computer is assembled from beginning to the end.
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DAY - 1 ASSEMBLING A COMPUTER And INSTALLING COMPONENTS
Process Demonstration • Watch the video, “Assembling a Computer*” for a demonstration how a computer is assembled from beginning to the end. • Note the safety procedures that are followed by the technician as the computer is assembled.
Tower cases are usually designed to sit vertically on the floor beneath a desk. • Tower cases come in three sizes: • Mid towers • Mini towers • Full-size towers
DAY - 3 CMOS & BIOS
ROM (Read Only Memory) • A memory chip that permanently stores instructions and data • ROM is a non-volatile memory. ROM is used to hold programs and data that must survive when the computer is turned off • Data in ROM will remain unchanged the next time the computer is turned on
ROM BIOS – Basic Input Output System • It controls the most basic operations and is responsible for starting your computer and initializing the hardware • Upgrading the BIOS may correct existing errors, support new CPUs, support new hardware etc • BIOS is a program that is made accessible to the microprocessor on an EPROM chip
CMOS • Stands for Complimentary Metal Oxide Semi-Conductor • To keep certain settings when system is switched off and power cord unplugged. Settings include: Date , Time , Hard drive configuration , Memory • A small battery is added to power the CMOS RAM
POST • POST stands for ‘Power On Self Test’ • The POST is a built-in diagnostic program • Activated before the BIOS begins the actual boot
POST • POST is a function of the BIOS. POST is a testing sequence run by a computer’s BIOS as the computer’s power is initially turned on • The POST will determine if the computer’s RAM, disk drives, peripheral devices and other hardware components are properly working • If the diagnostic determines that everything is in working order, the computer will continue to boot
DAY - 5 OS Installation -Windows XP Hard Disk Partitioning
Begin the Installation • Insert the Windows XP CD and restart your computer. • If prompted to start from the CD, press SPACEBAR.
On the Licensing Agreement page, read the licensing agreement. Then press F8.
Press D, and then press L when prompted to deletes your existing data. H.D.D PARTITIONING
Format the Partition Press ENTER again to select Format the partition using the NTFS file system.
Formatting • Windows XP format the hard drive and then copies the setup files.
Select Regional and Language Options • After select, click NEXT.
Personalize your Win XP • Type your name and your organization name, click NEXT.
Type in your Product Key • Find your product key from the CD case, type in and click NEXT.
Type in Computer Name & Administrator password • After type in, remember to write the password down, click NEXT.
On the Date and Time Settings page • Set your computer’s clock. Then select your time zone, click NEXT.
Networking Settings • Select Typical Settings, click NEXT.
Monitor Settings • Click OK if you can read the text.
Welcome to Microsoft Windows page • Click NEXT
Protect your PC • Click Help protect my PC by turning on Automatic Updates now. Click Next
Activate Windows • Click Yes, if you are connected to the Internet. Neither Click No.
Register with Microsoft • Click YES to register
Collecting Registration Information • Complete the form. Then click NEXT.
DAY - 7 DEVICE MANAGER - INSTALLATION
Device Manager • Device Manager is an important and frequently used feature included with MS Windows OS • It provides a graphical view of the hardware that is installed on the computer. • It can be used to change the way the hardware is configured, and the way the hardware interacts with the computer's microprocessor.
Device Manager Device Manager can be used to • Determine whether the hardware on your computer is working properly • Change hardware configuration settings • Identify the device drivers that are loaded for each device and obtain information about each device driver.
Device Manager • Change advanced settings and properties for devices • Install updated device drivers • Disable, enable, and uninstall devices • Identify device conflicts and manually configure resource settings • Print a summary of the devices that are installed in your computer
When a piece of hardware is not working, the offending hardware is highlighted where the user can deal with it Hardware problem highlighted