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DAY - 1. ASSEMBLING A COMPUTER And INSTALLING COMPONENTS. Process Demonstration. Watch the video, “Assembling a Computer*” for a demonstration how a computer is assembled from beginning to the end.

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    2. Process Demonstration • Watch the video, “Assembling a Computer*” for a demonstration how a computer is assembled from beginning to the end. • Note the safety procedures that are followed by the technician as the computer is assembled.

    3. Tower cases are usually designed to sit vertically on the floor beneath a desk. • Tower cases come in three sizes: • Mid towers • Mini towers • Full-size towers

    4. DAY - 3 CMOS & BIOS

    5. ROM (Read Only Memory) • A memory chip that permanently stores instructions and data • ROM is a non-volatile memory. ROM is used to hold programs and data that must survive when the computer is turned off • Data in ROM will remain unchanged the next time the computer is turned on

    6. ROM BIOS – Basic Input Output System • It controls the most basic operations and is responsible for starting your computer and initializing the hardware • Upgrading the BIOS may correct existing errors, support new CPUs, support new hardware etc • BIOS is a program that is made accessible to the microprocessor on an EPROM chip

    7. CMOS • Stands for Complimentary Metal Oxide Semi-Conductor • To keep certain settings when system is switched off and power cord unplugged. Settings include: Date , Time , Hard drive configuration , Memory • A small battery is added to power the CMOS RAM

    8. POST • POST stands for ‘Power On Self Test’ • The POST is a built-in diagnostic program • Activated before the BIOS begins the actual boot

    9. POST • POST is a function of the BIOS. POST is a testing sequence run by a computer’s BIOS as the computer’s power is initially turned on • The POST will determine if the computer’s RAM, disk drives, peripheral devices and other hardware components are properly working • If the diagnostic determines that everything is in working order, the computer will continue to boot

    10. DAY - 5 OS Installation -Windows XP Hard Disk Partitioning

    11. Install Window XP

    12. Begin the Installation • Insert the Windows XP CD and restart your computer. • If prompted to start from the CD, press SPACEBAR.

    13. On the Welcome to Setup page, press ENTER.

    14. On the Licensing Agreement page, read the licensing agreement. Then press F8.

    15. Press D, and then press L when prompted to deletes your existing data. H.D.D PARTITIONING

    16. Press ENTER to select Unpartitioned space, which appears by default.

    17. Format the Partition Press ENTER again to select Format the partition using the NTFS file system.

    18. Formatting • Windows XP format the hard drive and then copies the setup files.

    19. Select Regional and Language Options • After select, click NEXT.

    20. Personalize your Win XP • Type your name and your organization name, click NEXT.

    21. Type in your Product Key • Find your product key from the CD case, type in and click NEXT.

    22. Type in Computer Name & Administrator password • After type in, remember to write the password down, click NEXT.

    23. On the Date and Time Settings page • Set your computer’s clock. Then select your time zone, click NEXT.

    24. Networking Settings • Select Typical Settings, click NEXT.

    25. On the Workgroup or Computer Domain page

    26. Display Settings

    27. Monitor Settings • Click OK if you can read the text.

    28. Welcome to Microsoft Windows page • Click NEXT

    29. Protect your PC • Click Help protect my PC by turning on Automatic Updates now. Click Next

    30. Check the Internet Connection

    31. Check the Internet Connection Method

    32. Activate Windows • Click Yes, if you are connected to the Internet. Neither Click No.

    33. Register with Microsoft • Click YES to register

    34. Collecting Registration Information • Complete the form. Then click NEXT.

    35. Type in User’s Name

    36. Complete the Installation


    38. Device Manager • Device Manager is an important and frequently used feature included with MS Windows OS • It provides a graphical view of the hardware that is installed on the computer. • It can be used to change the way the hardware is configured, and the way the hardware interacts with the computer's microprocessor.

    39. Observe the following screenshots and voice views about your observation.

    40. Disabled device

    41. Device Manager Device Manager can be used to • Determine whether the hardware on your computer is working properly • Change hardware configuration settings • Identify the device drivers that are loaded for each device and obtain information about each device driver.

    42. Device Manager • Change advanced settings and properties for devices • Install updated device drivers • Disable, enable, and uninstall devices • Identify device conflicts and manually configure resource settings • Print a summary of the devices that are installed in your computer

    43. When a piece of hardware is not working, the offending hardware is highlighted where the user can deal with it Hardware problem highlighted