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Chapter 14. Define terms on page 281 How to comfort a crying baby Feeding and burping the baby Change diaper Check clothing Swaddle baby Sing or play music Walk and sway with the baby. Feeding. Breast feeding At first 10-12 times a day

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chapter 14
Chapter 14
  • Define terms on page 281
  • How to comfort a crying baby
  • Feeding and burping the baby
  • Change diaper
  • Check clothing
  • Swaddle baby
  • Sing or play music
  • Walk and sway with the baby
feeding
Feeding
  • Breast feeding
    • At first 10-12 times a day
    • First milk is colostrum, full of protein, fat and antibodies.
    • May want to consult a lactation consultant
    • Doctors recommend demand feeding. ( feed when baby is hungry instead of on a schedule)
    • Feed until they stop
    • Mother avoid eating chocolate, spicy foods and strong flavored veggies such as broccoli
bottle feeding
Bottle Feeding
  • Eat every 3-4 hours
  • Use formula that pediatrician recommends
  • Drinks 3-4 ounces each feeding
  • Bottles and nipples MUST be sterilized
  • No juice under 6 months
  • Give 100 % juice NOT juice drinks
slide4

Spitting up is normal

  • Spit up because of an allergy, sensitive to milk, medication or vitamin supplement.
  • Most common in formula feed babies
  • Usually outgrow spitting up after 6 months
solid foods
Solid Foods
  • Swallowing solid food is a new skill for baby so it take practice.
  • Recommendations:
    • Don’t rush solid foods – 4-6 months, milk only
    • Introduce one food at a time and gradually
    • Start with cereal
    • Choose nutritional foods – best ones are those with the least ingredients. Ex plain pears instead of pears with syrup
    • Be patient – they may refuse a food several times before they except it.
    • Self-Feeding usually begins around 9 months
    • Finger foods are best at the first attempt of self feeding
diapering
Diapering
  • A newborn wets at least 6-10 times a day for the first 1-2 months
  • Change after every bowel movement and when obviously wet.
  • Never leave a baby unattended while changing a diaper
  • Apply a medicated ointment if the baby has diaper rash
  • Clean the surface after changing a diaper
dressing an infant
Dressing an infant
  • Generally an infant needs one more layer of clothing than adults
  • A cotton knit sleeper is a good choice of clothing for infants.
bathing
Bathing
  • Infants can not be given a bath until the umbilical cord falls off. This should happen within the 3 wks. Sponge bath them
  • Use a baby tub with elevated end for infants
  • Bath 2-3 times a week for infant is enough until they begin to crawl
bath time safety
Bath Time Safety
  • Be sure all electrical outlets and appliances are out of reach of a splash or spill range
  • Put all items needed close by but out of range of baby
  • 2-3 inches of water
  • Room and water should be warm not hot
  • If baby can not sit up keep arm around baby for support
  • Never turn away or leave the room
  • Shampoo the scalp 1-2 times a week
  • Wrap the baby in a towel and pat dry. Their skin in very tender for a few months
sleeping
Sleeping
  • Newborns need 16-20 hours the first month
  • Some newborns get their days and nights mixed up. This is common
  • Most babies begin to sleep through the night by 3 months
  • By 5 months baby sleeps 14-15 hours out of 24 with 3-4 one hour naps a day
  • By 1 year most take 1 nap a day
slide11
SIDS
  • Always place the baby on their back to sleep
  • Purchase a firm mattress
  • Remove soft toys and loose bedding
  • Make sure baby’s face is uncovered at all times
  • Do not allow anyone to smoke around baby
  • Don’t let baby become overheated while sleeping
when to call the doctor
When to call the doctor
  • Abdominal pain
  • Excessive sleeping
  • Feeding difficulty
  • Fever of 100.4 or higher
  • Stomach virus
  • Emergencies
  • Baby is a blue color
  • Signs of dehydration
  • Signs of Shock
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Head injury
  • Poisoning
  • Reaction to immunization
ways to promote physical and intellectual development
Ways to promote physical and intellectual development
  • Play patti cake and move legs and arms around
  • Provide experiences for baby to see, touch, taste, smell and listen
  • Encourage visual development by having family and neighbors visit
  • Provide toys
  • Encourage crawling and walking
  • Encourage language skills. Always talk to your baby
ways to promote emotional and social development
Ways to promote emotional and social development
  • Hold, rock, walk, and dance with your baby
  • Using loving words and talk to them often
  • Providing early positive interaction provides a foundation for getting along in the world as they grow and begin school