Japan and the Bridge of Dreams: The Kami Welcome The Buddha - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Japan and the Bridge of Dreams: The Kami Welcome The Buddha

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  1. Japan and the Bridge of Dreams:The Kami Welcome The Buddha

  2. Japan and Its Relationship to Asian Mainland

  3. Japan and the Bridge of Dreams:The Kami Welcome The Buddha • I. Nippon (Ch. Jih-pen) = Source of the Sun • A. Uji Period — ca. 300–552 • B. Age of Reforms — 552–710 • C. Nara Period — 710–794 • D. Heian Period — 794–1185 • E. Kamakura Period — 1185–1333 • F. Muromachi (Ashikaga) Shoguns — 1336–1573

  4. A. Uji Period — ca. 300–552 • 1. rice (from China) • 2. paper (from China) • 3. ink (from Korea) • 4. ideographs and calligraphy (from China) • 5. religion — Shinto • 6. political views (differ from Chinese)

  5. B. Age of Reforms — 552–710 • 1. Buddhism Introduced — 552 (or 538) • 2. Shōtoku Taishi (regent: 593–622) • 3. Taika (Great Reform)

  6. Shinto • Amaterasu – Sun Goddess • Susanoo – Ocean God • Kami – deities

  7. Kami • 18th-century Shinto revivalist Motoori Norinaga (1730–1801): • “The word kami refers, in the most general sense, to all divine beings of heaven and earth that appear in the classics. More particularly, the kami are the spirits that abide in and are worshipped at the shrines. In principle human beings, birds, animals, trees, plants, mountains, oceans—all may be kami. According to ancient usage, whatever seemed strikingly impressive, possessed the quality of excellence, or inspired a feeling of awe was called kami.”

  8. 1. Buddhism Introduced — 552 (or 538 • a. Mahayana • b. becomes state religion — 685

  9. 2. Shōtoku Taishi (regent: 593–622) • a. “the Ruler in the Land Where the Sun Rises” • b. Seventeen Article Constitution — 604 • c. adopted Chinese calendar — 604 • twelve ranks for court officials (kabune system) • — 603 (revised 684, 701)

  10. Shōtoku Taishi(572–622; regent: 593–622) Prince Shotoku flanked by younger brother (left Prince Eguri) and first son (right: Prince Yamashiro), drawn by an unknown artist (8th century)

  11. 3. Taika (Great Reform) • a. all land put under public ownership/based on Tang system — 646 • b. nation-wide system of post roads • c. uniform system of taxation

  12. C. Nara Period — 710–794 • 1. geomancy used to select site of capital • 2. Horyuji — seat of Buddhist power

  13. Nara – Kyoto Area

  14. D. Heian Period — 794–1185 • 1. capital moved to Heian-Kyo (Kyoto) [influenced by plan of Chang-an] • 2. formalized court etiquette • 3. poetry writing (31 syllables; limited topics) • 4. calligraphy

  15. D. Heian Period — 794–1185 • 5. memoirs, diaries, and the world's first novel • a. Murasaki Shikibu, The Tale of Genji (Monogatari) • b. Murasaki Shikibu, Diary and Poetic Memoirs • c. Izumi Shikibu, Diary • d. Sei Shōnagan, Pillow Book • e. Sarashina, As I Crossed a Bridge of Dreams • 6. Fujiwara Epoch — 866–1068 (regents)

  16. Murasaki Shikibu at Ishiyama-dera (1767) Woodblock by Suzuki Harunobo (1724−1770) Boston Museum of Fine Arts

  17. Murasaki Shikibu, depicted by Tosa Mitsuoki (1617−1691), from his illustrations of The Tale of Genji (late 17th century)

  18. In this 13th-century painting, from the Murasaki Shikibu Diary Emakimono, drunk, disarranged, and disordered Heian courtiers are shown joking and flirting with court ladies.

  19. Sei Shōnagon shown gazing at the snow (1872), painting by Utagawa Yoshitora

  20. Toda-ji Great Southern Gate with sika deer

  21. Toda-ji Main Gate (13th century)

  22. Todai-ji Great Southern Gate from Isuien Garden

  23. Layout of Old and New Kyoto

  24. Miniature model of Nagaokakyo Chodoin (Old Kyoto)

  25. The Heian Capital (Kyoto)

  26. Model of Heian-kyo

  27. Zao Gongen, Heian period, 11th–?12th century, Japan, Gilt bronze

  28. E. Kamakura Period — 1185–1333

  29. Alleged portrait of Minamoto no Yoritomo (1147−1199; Shogun 1192−1199)

  30. F. Muromachi (Ashikaga) Shoguns — 1336–1573