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Coral Crisis Reefs in Peril What is Coral? Corals: are made up of tiny animals commonly mistaken for plants coral pal zooxanthellae many types of corals (hard, soft) the reef building corals make the colorful reef Introduction Coral reefs: contain an estimated 25% of all marine species.

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what is coral
© Coralcrisis.com

What is Coral?

Corals:

  • are made up of tiny animals
  • commonly mistaken for plants
  • coral pal zooxanthellae
  • many types of corals (hard, soft)
  • the reef building corals make the colorful reef
introduction
© Coralcrisis.com

Introduction

Coral reefs:

  • contain an estimated 25% of all marine species.
  • occupy only 0.1% of the sea floor.
  • have existed for over 50,000,000 years.
  • are in danger–getting sicker!
  • have had several acres destroyed over the last four decades.
  • have been damaged off 93 countries
  • need our help!
what s making our reefs disappear cyanide fishing
© Coralcrisis.com

What’s making our reefs disappear? >> Cyanide Fishing

  • Fishermen use poison to capture reef fish
  • Cheap and fast way to fish
  • Effect: Poisoning of the reef and its inhabitants
  • Solution is education
what s making our reefs disappear over fishing
© Coralcrisis.com

What’s making our reefs disappear? >> Over-Fishing

  • Too many fish are being caught; 95% of destruction to over 1000 reefs is due to this cause
  • No fish to eat algae; coral is smothered
  • Solutions: Fish in different areas, give time for fish to reproduce
what s making our reefs disappear aquarium fish trade
© Coralcrisis.com

What’s making our reefs disappear? >> Aquarium Fish Trade

  • Harvesting of fish for stores and home
  • No fish to control algae growth
  • Solution: Monthly catch report and government involvement
what s making our reefs disappear water pollution
© Coralcrisis.com

What’s making our reefs disappear? >> Water Pollution

  • Pollution by oil, gas, and sewage
  • Cuts out light and oxygen
  • Solution: Dispose of waste appropriately
what s making our reefs disappear coral bleaching
© Coralcrisis.com

What’s making our reefs disappear? >> Coral Bleaching

  • Corals turn white as the zooxanthellae leave them due to global warming
  • Causes adverse changes: loss of food and inhabitants
  • Solution: Use chemicals that don’t harm the environment
what s making our reefs disappear sedimentation
© Coralcrisis.com

What’s making our reefs disappear? >> Sedimentation

  • Construction, mining, logging, and farming cause excessive erosion
  • Smothers corals, cuts out light and oxygen
  • Solution: Construction workers need to be more aware of their actions
what s making our reefs disappear careless tourism
© Coralcrisis.com

What’s making our reefs disappear? >> Careless Tourism

  • Touch and walk on corals, ride turtles, break off pieces of corals
  • Kills corals and the reef residents, endangers some species
  • Solution: Do not touch, simply take pictures
what s making our reefs disappear anchor damage
© Coralcrisis.com

What’s making our reefs disappear? >> Anchor Damage

  • Anchors crush corals
  • Kills corals and other animals that happen to be there
  • Solution: Pass coral reef before anchoring
slide12
© Coralcrisis.com

Save our Corals!

Photo Credits: NOAA