Mental Illness & Suicide: Research & Interventions. Jane Pearson, Ph.D. National Institute of Mental Health. NIMH Mission Statement.
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Jane Pearson, Ph.D.
National Institute of Mental Health
Our mission is to reduce the burden of mental illness and behavioral disorders through research on mind, brain, and behavior…Schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, autism, and other mental disorders are serious, often life-threatening illnesses for which we need reliable diagnostic tests, new treatments, and effective strategies for prevention…
US/European Psychological Autopsy Studies:
At least 90% of suicide decedents had a mental or substance abuse disorder
Adolescents - depression, conduct disorder,
substance use, prior attempt
Adults - prior suicide attempt, depression,
alcohol dependence, schizophrenia
Older Adults - depression - late onset
Schizophrenia: first onset 5.6%; mixed time of onset samples 1.8%
Depression: any outpt tx 2%; any inpt tx 4%
any depression tx men 7%
any depression tx women 1%
Palmer et al (2005); Bostwick & Pankratz (2000)
Primary Care Mental Health
All ages 45% (20-76%) 19% (7-28%)
< 35 23% (10-36%) 15 % (7-32%)
55 + 58% (43-70%) 11% (8-14%)
Luoma, Martin & Pearson, 2002
Lower Respiratory Ds.
Lower Respiratory Ds.
5 - 14
Source: CDC vital statistics
35 States, 2002
Rate per 100,000 population
Suicide Rates by Ethnicity and Age Group United States, 1995-1999
Age Group in Years
Public Health Burden of Suicide States, 2002
Emergency Dept visits
Events reported on surveys
Ratios Of Attempted Suicides to States, 2002Suicide Deaths
Young women 200:1
General population 10-20:1
Fremouw WJM et al., Pergamon Press, 1990
Parkin D, Stengel E, Br Med J 2:133-138, 1965
July 3, 2006
August 2, 2005