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Chapter 8: The Baroque (1600-1750) Objectives Study the development of the forms and methods of creativity as revealed in specific works of art and music from 1600 through 1775.

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chapter 8 the baroque 1600 1750
Chapter 8: The Baroque(1600-1750)

Dr. Kirk Weller/Intro to the Arts/ Fall 2004

objectives
Objectives
  • Study the development of the forms and methods of creativity as revealed in specific works of art and music from 1600 through 1775.
  • Explore the continuing development of perspective in art and tonality in music, which were fully achieved during these periods.
  • Examine the ways drama and motion permeate all the arts in the Baroque and Rococo periods.
  • Recognize the Rococo as the final expression of the Baroque.

Dr. Kirk Weller/Intro to the Arts/ Fall 2004

visual arts
Visual Arts
  • Artists of note -
    • Tintoretto (1518-1894)
    • El Greco (1541-1614)
    • Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)
    • Clara Peeters (1594-1676)
    • Gianlorenzo Bernini (1598-1680)
    • Diego Velásquez (1599-1660)
    • Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669)

Dr. Kirk Weller/Intro to the Arts/ Fall 2004

music
Music
  • Musicians of note -
    • Giovanni Gabrieli (c. 1555-1612)
    • Claudio Montiverdi (1567-1643)
    • First public opera house opens in Venice (1637)
    • Antonius Stradivarius (1644-1737)
    • Arcangelo Corelli (1653-1713)
    • Henry Purcell (1659-1695)
    • Antonio Vivaldi (c. 1678-1741)

Dr. Kirk Weller/Intro to the Arts/ Fall 2004

music5
Music
  • Musicians of note (cont.)-
    • First German public opera house opens in Hamburg (1678)
    • Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)
    • George Frederic Handel (1685-1759)
    • Domenico Scarlatti (1685-1757)
    • Cristofori builds the first pianoforte (1709)
    • First New York performance of Messiah (1742)

Dr. Kirk Weller/Intro to the Arts/ Fall 2004

historical figures events
Historical Figures & Events
  • William Shakespeare (1561-1626)
  • Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)
  • René Descartes (1596-1650)
  • Galilei discovers law of falling bodies (1602)
  • Macbeth written by Shakespeare (1606)
  • Pilgrims landed at Plymouth (1620)
  • Isaac Newton (1642-1727)
    • Propounds Law of Gravity (1672)
  • Peter (The Great), Tsar of Russia (1682-1725)
  • Reign of Louis XV (1715-1774)
  • Methodist church founded by John Wesley (1738)

Dr. Kirk Weller/Intro to the Arts/ Fall 2004

the spirit of the baroque
The Spirit of the Baroque
  • An age of systematic pursuit in intellectual, spiritual, technological, and artistic activity - the beginning of the scientific method of inquiry
  • The separation of the State & the Catholic church
  • Center of wealth shifts from southern Europe to northern Europe
    • Middle class of wealthy merchants builds into patrons of the arts
  • Church is the impetus for great works of art as the source of personal religious experience

Dr. Kirk Weller/Intro to the Arts/ Fall 2004

patronage
Patronage
  • The Church still patronized the arts
    • Artisis made artworks of religious subjects personal and meaningful experiences to the beholder, not merely symbolic and beautiful scenes
  • Middle class becoming more and more patrons of the arts
    • Everyday activities became suitable subjects which artists could use to appeal to the emotions of the common people

Dr. Kirk Weller/Intro to the Arts/ Fall 2004

painting
Painting
  • Baroque painters use the elements of art differently than had their predecessors
  • Monochromatic color, with variations in the saturation and value of that one color
  • The vitality of Baroque painting was shown in open form, with action implied beyond the visual limits of the canvas

Dr. Kirk Weller/Intro to the Arts/ Fall 2004

painting10
Painting
  • Tintoretto
    • Last Supper, colorplate 33
      • One of the last great Italian painters
  • Rembrandt
    • Dr. Tulp’s Anatomy Lesson, colorplate 34
      • Chiaroscuro - a term applied to the treatment of light and shade in painting or drawing
    • The Night Watch, colorplate 35
      • The use of balance, light, color and light is distinctive
    • The Descent from the Cross, colorplate 36
      • Uses light & shade as unifying agents, but as a means of intensifying the powerful emotional content of the painting

Dr. Kirk Weller/Intro to the Arts/ Fall 2004

painting11
Painting
  • Rubens
    • Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus, colorplate 37
      • The essence of physical exuberance and sensual flesh
    • The Assumption of the Virgin, colorplate 38
  • Velásquez
    • Lived and worked in Spain - not as much bold ornamentation and action of the Baroque
      • Maids of Honor, colorplate 39

Dr. Kirk Weller/Intro to the Arts/ Fall 2004

sculpture
Sculpture
  • Gianlorenzo Bernini
    • David, (fig. 8.4, p.184)
      • A Jesuit, Bernini’s works show personal religious expressiveness
      • Contrast this “David” with Michangelo (fig. 7.4) and Donatello (fig. 7.3)
    • Ecstasy of St. Thresa, (fig. 8.5, p.185)
      • The Baroque spirit of intense emotional ecstasy and imagination is expressed in this work
      • There is a feeling of movement and the impression of infinite space

Dr. Kirk Weller/Intro to the Arts/ Fall 2004

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Dr. Kirk Weller/Intro to the Arts/ Fall 2004