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Baroque Period. 1600-1750. Common Practice Period 1600-1900 Baroque (1600-1750) – birth of opera.  Very dramatic period.  Extreme contrasts. [romantic]. 6 Features of Baroque Music. 1.  terraced dynamics – dynamics change suddenly 2.  unity of mood – a movement will stay in one mood only

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Common Practice Period 1600-1900
  • Baroque (1600-1750) – birth of opera.  Very dramatic period.  Extreme contrasts. [romantic]
6 features of baroque music
6 Features of Baroque Music
  • 1.  terraced dynamics – dynamics change suddenly
  • 2.  unity of mood – a movement will stay in one mood only
  • 3.  continuous melody – the melody continues to unfold and keep going.  Hard to find a cadence (resting place)
  • 4.  continuous and driving rhythm – a rhythm pattern is usually repeated throughout, and builds momentum
6 features of baroque music4
6 Features of Baroque Music
  • 5.  chords and the basso continuo – strong bass line played by two players (harpsichord/organ and cello).  Chord progression, a set of tones that all belong to the same key
  • 6.  polyphonic texture – more than one melody is usually going on at the same time
vocal music
Vocal Music
  • Cant- or Chant- having to do with singing
2 types of singing
2 Types of Singing
  • Aria - the singing style in operatic works that is a "song". Action stops and characters reflect on emotion that has just occurred.
  • Recitative - the singing style in operatic works that is the dialog/action. This type of singing is not usually very tuneful.
opera
Opera
  • A large-scale, multi-movement work for vocal soloists, chorus, and orchestra. It is secular (not religious), acted out on stage with scenery and costumes, performed in a theater, and sung in Italian. G.F. Handel started his very successful career writing operas.
cantata
Cantata
  • A small-scale, multi-movement work for vocal soloists, chorus, and orchestra. It is sacred (religious), NOT acted out on stage with NO scenery and costumes, performed in a church during a service, and sung in German. J.S. Bach wrote many of these types of works.
oratorio
Oratorio
  • A large-scale, multi-movement work for vocal soloists, chorus, and orchestra. It is sacred (religious), NOT acted out on stage with NO scenery and costumes, performed in a theater, and sung in English. Handel began to compose this type of work when the London theatres were closed during Lent. Messiah is an example of an oratorio.
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Libretto - the words of an opera exactly as they are set to music. The libretto is NOT a plot summary, but the lyrics of the opera (like a script to a play or movie). Literally, it means "Little book".