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Baroque Period. 1600-1750. 1600. 1.  Start of the Baroque Period 1600-1750 2.  Start of the Common Practice Period 1600-1900 3. End of the Renaissance Period 1450-1600 4.  First opera was in 1600.

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slide2
1600
  • 1.  Start of the Baroque Period 1600-1750
  • 2.  Start of the Common Practice Period 1600-1900
  • 3. End of the Renaissance Period 1450-1600
  • 4.  First opera was in 1600
slide3
Movement – a part of a work, sounds complete in itself with a beginning middle and end.  Think of it like a chapter in a book
concerto
Concerto
  • Instrumental soloist with orchestra
  • Multi-movement (usually 3) FSF
  • First movement is in Ritornello Form
vivaldi spring
Vivaldi Spring
  • Solo Concerto - multi-movement work for orchestra and a soloist – features cadenza
  • Usually 3 movements Fast Slow Fast
  • Cadenza - the part in a concerto where the orchestra stops playing and the soloist is featured.
vivaldi spring cont
Vivaldi Spring (cont.)
  • Program music – music that has an extra-musical idea to go along with it.  It might be a story, an idea, a picture, or a text.
ritornello form
Ritornello form
  • Main theme is called the Ritornello (means “return”). The main theme returns regularly.
  • Common practice period = key.
  • Each time the ritornello appears, it is in a new key
modulation
Modulation
  • To change from one key to another
  • In “artfully” done music, it’s not noticeable that you’ve changed keys!
  • You’ll almost always come back to the home key that you hear in the beginning
ritornello form9
Ritornello Form
  • Movement begins with the ritornello stated in the home key and all the way through.
ritornello form10
Ritornello Form
  • Movement begins with the ritornello stated in the home key and all the way through.
  • Followed by a solo episode - a passage by the soloist. The solo episode changes key
ritornello form11
Ritornello Form
  • Followed by a solo episode - a passage by the soloist. The solo episode changes key
  • The ritornello is heard again, but in a shortened form, and in a new key
ritornello form12
Ritornello Form
  • The ritornello is heard again, but in a shortened form, and in a new key
  • Another solo passage is heard, changing the key again
ritornello form13
Ritornello Form
  • Another solo passage is heard, changing the key again
  • The ritornello is brought back, shortened again and in a new key
  • This alternation of soloist passages and ritornello fragments continues throughout the movement
ritornello form14
Ritornello Form
  • Another solo passage is heard, changing the key again
  • The ritornello is brought back, shortened again and in a new key
  • This alternation of soloist passages and ritornello fragments continues throughout the movement
ritornello form15
Ritornello Form
  • This alternation of soloist passages and ritornello fragments continues throughout the movement
  • There may be a cadenza (the part where the orchestra stops playing while the soloist “shows off”)
ritornello form16
Ritornello Form
  • This alternation of soloist passages and ritornello fragments continues throughout the movement
  • At the end of the movement, we will once again hear the ritornello all the way through and in the home key
suite
Suite
  • A collection of dances
  • Multi-movement work
  • Each movement is in binary form (AABB)
  • Each movement is based on a different dance rhythm
suite18
Suite
  • Originally, the dance pieces were intended for dancing.
  • In the suite, it is more considered “absolute” music for listening, not dancing
suite19
Suite
  • The movements alternate between fast and slow tempos
  • Usually begins with a prelude
  • All are in the same key (or related keys)
  • No applause until the end!
j s bach suite in e minor bwv 996
J.S. Bach: Suite in E Minor, BWV 996
  • Preludio (Passaggio / Presto) SF
  • Allemande S
  • Courante F
  • Sarabande S
  • Bourree F
  • Gigue F