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Fundamentals of Jainism. Pravin K. Shah JAINA Education Committee Jain Study Center of North Carolina 509 Carriage Woods Circle Raleigh, NC 27607-3969 Website: www.jaineLibrary.org e-mail: jainaedu@gmail.com Tele - 919-859-4994. Jain Fundamental Beliefs. Fundamental Beliefs

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slide1

Fundamentals of Jainism

Pravin K. Shah

JAINA Education Committee

Jain Study Center of North Carolina

509 Carriage Woods Circle

Raleigh, NC 27607-3969

Website: www.jaineLibrary.org

e-mail: jainaedu@gmail.com

Tele - 919-859-4994

slide2

Jain Fundamental Beliefs

  • Fundamental Beliefs
    • Soul and Karma exist from Eternity. (Universe and all its substances are eternal)
    • Karma is attached to the Soul from Eternity
    • The Soul is in Mithyätva (ignorance and wrong belief) from Eternity
    • The Principle governing the successions of life cycles (Birth, Life, and Death) is Karma.
    • Our Mithyätva and the intention behind our actions of body, mind, and speech continue to bind us with new Karma.
    • Mithyätva (Karma ?) is the root cause of all Sufferings
    • Ultimate goal of life is Liberation from Mithyätva and Kashäya (Vices) which in turn removes all Karma.
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Aim of Jainism

  • To realize the original attributes of a Soul by removing Mithyätva and Kashäya and there by Freeing it from its bondage to Karma.
  • Questions:
    • What is Soul and its original Attributes?
    • What is Mithyätva, Kashäya, and Karma?
    • What are their Attribute or Qualities?
    • What is Bondage?
    • What is Freedom?
    • How is the Soul bounded by Karma?
    • How can one obtain a state of total freedom or pure consciousness?
    • Answers require the proper knowledge of the Universe and its substances and their relationship with each other.
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Jain Religion Definition

  • Absolute Point of View:
    • The True Nature of a substance is the Religion of a substance
  • Practical Point of View:
    • Any activity of Body, Mind and Speech which removes Mithyätva and (not or) reduces Kashäya (Anger, Ego, Deceit, and Greed) is known as Religion
slide5

Jain Religious Literature

  • It consists of:
    • Scriptures, Commentary on Scriptures, and Independent works consist many aspects of Religion
  • It describes and reflects upon:
    • History of the society
    • Ritual aspect of the society
    • Cultural aspect of the society
    • Morality of an individual and the society
    • Spirituality of an individual
slide6

Morality vs. Spirituality

Individual

Person

Following

Law and Order

Not Following

Law and Order

Immoral

Moral

Spiritual

Non-spiritual

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Morality vs. Religion

  • Jain Morality (Vyavahär Dharma)
    • Conduct in accordance with the guide lines prescribed by Arihantas / Tirthankars
    • Our conduct must accompanied by compassion, friendship, love, sympathy, equanimity etc. otherwise it is merely mechanical action
  • Jain Religion (Nishchaya Dharma)
    • Purity of soul which results from the above action (Removal of Mithyätva and Kasäya)