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By: Gillian Ritchie. The Oprichnina. Who?. The Oprichnina was a group of thugs and mercenaries gathered together by Ivan the Terrible to be his personal army against traitors and enemies of the state. What?.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
Who?
  • The Oprichnina was a group of thugs and mercenaries gathered together by Ivan the Terrible to be his personal army against traitors and enemies of the state.
slide3
What?
  • The Oprichniki originated mostly from the lower classes of society and replaced the former soldiers, police, ministers, and

bureaucrats, as was their purpose. All maintained an

undying loyalty

to Ivan the Terrible.

Their symbol was a

dog’s head and a

broom.

where
Where?
  • The Oprichnina originated in the heart of Moscow. However, Ivan the Terrible let loose his new employees on the entirety of Russia to sort out the traitors and deal with them as they saw fit. This included murder, impalement, mutilation, torture, whipping and rape.
slide5
When?
  • The original Oprichnina sect was created in 1565 and lasted until 1572. In that time span, it grew from 1,000 members to 6,000. Some say that the Oprichnina has become the current secret police force in Russia.
slide6
Why?
  • The Oprichnina was created by Ivan the Terrible to replace the nobles, advisors, and high ranking citizens he distrusted so much. He constantly feared that they were trying to usurp him as well as

the fact that in his

paranoia he believed

they had poisoned

his wife, Anastasia.

works cited
Works Cited
  • http://europeanhistory.about.com/library/weekly/aa042701b.htm
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oprichnina