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Monday, Oct. 3 – ELIT 46 Beowulf. Themes Structure Ways of Looking at Beowulf. Old style quiz. ______ 1. The name of the great hall Hrothgar builds is a. Heorot b. Eadgils c. Eofor d. Thames ______ 2. The demon who attacks the Spear-Danes in their great hall is

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Monday, Oct. 3 – ELIT 46 Beowulf


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monday oct 3 elit 46 beowulf

Monday, Oct. 3 – ELIT 46Beowulf

Themes

Structure

Ways of Looking at Beowulf

old style quiz
Old style quiz
  • ______ 1. The name of the great hall Hrothgar builds is
  • a. Heorot b. Eadgils c. Eofor d. Thames
  • ______ 2. The demon who attacks the Spear-Danes in their great hall is
  • a. Horrendor b. Heardred c. Grendel d. Mordred
slide3

___________ 3. The demon is descended from what Biblical character?

  • a. Abel b. Cain c. Jacob d. Satan
  • _ 4. The character who is jealous of Beowulf and accuses him of vanity is
  • a. Uglif b. Unferth c. Hrethric d. Wealtheow
end of old quiz
End of old quiz
  • ______ 5. According to Beowulf, the reason Breca beat Beowulf in a swimming race was because
  • a. Beowulf was attacked by nine sea monsters that he eventually destroyed.
  • b. He had inadvertently drunk too much mead.
  • c. He stopped in the middle of the race to save a ship floundering at sea
actual quiz answer 2
Actual quiz – answer 2
  • Describe the battle between Grendel and Beowulf, including what Beowulf did to prepare for the battle.
  • Describe the battle between Beowulf and Grendel’s mother. Why is Beowulf successful?
  • What is Wealhtheow‘s main worry – the promise that she seeks to get Beowulf to make?
review from last week
Review from last week
  • Themes:
  • Transitoriness of all things
  • Significance of generosity
  • Significance of loyalty
  • Question of immortality
  • Ideal King – walks his talk – but Kings frequently boasted under influence of alcohol and didn’t always fulfill the boasts
  • Insiders and outsiders
  • The decline of hope, the impossibility of community
  • The future will come and it will mean loss, death, and weakness
why start with shield
Why start with Shield?
  • Parallel to Beowulf, who is going to win fame himself
  • Funeral – so the shape of the epic is clear
        • Funeral
  • Feast
  • Battle
  • Feast
  • Battle
  • Feast
  • 50 years
  • Dragon Battle
  • Funeral
  • Heorot (civilization) vs. Barbarism (Hrothgar vs. Grendel) and Barbarism is winning
beowulf kenning of
Beowulf (kenning of ____?)
  • Beowulf represents _______________ What lines tell you this?
  • 196-8
  • His style of fighting Grendel
  • His response to Unferth
  • His response to Unferth’s offer of the sword
  • Spoils from the cave
  • How is Beowulf the opposite of Hrothgar?
slide9
Epic
  • Compare what we have seen to usual ideas about the epic
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • and the 3 on the next page
different ways of looking at beowulf
Different ways of looking at Beowulf
  • Anthropological
  • Psychological = every enemy is a mirror for Beowulf to see himself
  • Performance = focus on the scop and why the story is being told and how it is being told
  • Political – about identity and nation formation
  • Didactic - Teaching
  • Literary – Irony, poetry of the language, synecdoche, metonymy, litotes, etc.
connections to christianity
Connections to Christianity
      • Or Metaphoric – what does the arm of Grendel represent?
      • What does the whole day’s journey down into the cave, the fight with Grendel’s mother, and the day to return remind you of?
      • Why does he return only with Grendel’s head and the hilt of the sword?
  • Theory of types
theme of gold according to patricia silber
Theme of Gold according to Patricia Silber
  • Gold can have a positive moral value: adorning people, places, and weapons – to give to deserving warriors
  • Plundering, cursing, hoarding and refusing to give gold
  • Beowulf achieves moral ascendency when he ____?
  • How does Wealhtheow use gold? (pages 60-1)
  • Compare to Sigurd the Volsung and the story of the gold taken from the Rhine Maidens, gold which made the river beautiful. Also RINGS (Ring of the Niebelung)
  • See the treasures actually used in England around the time of the composition of Beowulf (750)
slide14

Sutton Hoo

Anglo-Saxon ship burial

slide27
Find out more about the Sutton Hoo ship burial

Visit the main Museum website

www.britishmuseum.org

Use Explore to look at objects from Sutton Hoo

www.britishmuseum.org/explore/introduction.aspx

Learn more about Sutton Hoo and the Anglo-Saxons

www.ancientcivilizations.co.uk

things to do
Things to do
  • Success/ Survival/ Support Groups
  • Does a group want to begin tomorrow by asking questions?
  • People in Honors need to choose a time to meet