Agricultural Land Reform Implementation in Thailand - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Agricultural Land Reform Implementation in Thailand

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  1. Agricultural Land Reform Office Agricultural Land Reform Implementation in Thailand Agricultural Land Reform Office(ALRO), Ministry of Agriculture & Cooperatives, THAILAND Panel 1 : smallholder rubber plantations dynamics and policies to support them

  2. Agricultural Land Reform Office Background • Various changes (s-e-p) in 1973 • Farmers’ grievances (land rights, land tenants: high rental rate-prod cost-low prod, unfair-treated, taken advantage) • High demand for agricultural sector solution • The promulgation of ALRAct in 1975 • Establishment of ALRO

  3. Agricultural Land Reform Office “Land Reform” • Improvement of rights and land holdings + dwelling places • Land distribution • State’s contribution on ag. occupation development, resources, production inputs and market channel

  4. Agricultural Land Reform Office Mission • To allocate land and dwelling areas to farmers • To revitalize the environment and natural resources utilization in the land reform area • To develop infrastructure and support learning process. • To provide financial support for farmers’ occupation development.

  5. Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO) Agricultural Land Reform Implementation in Thailand 3 Phases

  6. Public Land Private Land Preparation • Primary data and secondary data are collected • Amount of rented area, tenancy rate, tenants, productivity, • Deteriorated forest reserves, classified land • Feasibility study (socio-econ, land potential, climate, rainfall, farmer institutions, social conditions, etc.) • Topography • Cadastral survey • Royal Decree

  7. Public Land Private Land Distribution • Ownership belongs to the State. • Not allow to sell, transfer • Redistribute to landless, small-scale farmer, previous occupants ALRAct • Purchase/expropriate on voluntary basis • Redistribute to tenants / landless by lease or hire-purchase ALRAct-

  8. Public Land Private Land Development • Scheme of livelihood development • Supporting services: infra., Ag. extension • Occupation dev.(on-farm / off-farm to generate income agencies involvement • Individual / group/institution / network • Model of development • Expanding International cooperation network

  9. Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO) Country Profiles

  10. Progress of Land Allocation in Public Land Agricultural Land Reform Office Data as of 31 Dec 2008

  11. Progress of Land Allocation in Private Land Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO) 31 Dec 2008

  12. Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO) Map of Land Reform Area in Thailand

  13. Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO) Strategies for Development • Rights • Utilization Land Reform • Learning process • Occupation development • Group and Network Farmer Reform Management Reform • Community enterprise • Contract farming

  14. Related Activities to Three Land Reform Implementation • Sufficiency Economy Settlement • Food and energy crops promotion

  15. Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO) Activities and Capacity Building for Farmers • Learning center • Future farmer Incubation in land reform area project • Local intellectual

  16. Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO) Activities and Capacity Building for Farmer • Tri-partite co-operation • Community enterprise in land reform area

  17. Agricultural Land Reform Office (ALRO) Conclusion Globalization Policy / effective law Application Factors Success Implementation -internal/-external Participatory Approaches Grassroot

  18. Rubber Plantation Area in LRAs Agricultural Land Reform Office Data as of 2004

  19. Map of Rubber Plantation area in LRAs

  20. E-mail: Inter_alro@ yahoo.com Thank you