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A.P. European History Reformation

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  1. A.P. European History Reformation

  2. Reformation German Reformation 100 200 300 400 500 Swiss Reformation 100 200 300 400 500 Anabaptists 100 200 300 400 500 Anglican Reformation 100 200 300 400 500 Counter Reformation 100 200 300 400 500

  3. What was the Diet of Worms? MAIN This is where Martin Luther was summoned to confront the charges of heresy and recant his criticisms of the catholic Church. SUBJECT: German Reformation 500 400 300 200 100

  4. Who was Desiderius Erasmus? MAIN He was the great northern humanist who inspired Luther, Zwingli, Knox, and Calvin to name a few. SUBJECT: German Reformation 500 400 300 200 100

  5. What was the German Peasant Revolt or War? MAIN This was the disturbance that broke out in 1524 in Stuhlingen and was denounced by Luther in his pamphlet “Against the Murdering Thieving Hordes”. SUBJECT: German Reformation 500 400 300 200 100


  6. Who was Johan Tetzel? MAIN He was the Dominican Friar sent by Pope Leo X to sell indulgences and was criticized by Luther in his 95 Theses. ( He wrote 100 counter-theses but was criticized by the church). 500 SUBJECT: German Reformation 400 300 200 100

  7. What was the Peace of Augsburg in 1555.? MAIN This was the agreement signed by Charles V in order to win support of the German Princes in order to fight France and the Ottoman Turks. SUBJECT: German Reformation 500 400 300 200 100

  8. Who was Huldreich Zwingli? MAIN He was the Military Chaplain who started the Swiss Reformation in Zurich in 1518 and protested the sale of indulgences. SUBJECT: Swiss Reformation 500 400 300 200 100

  9. MAIN Who was Heinrich Bullinger? He was son and law of Huldreich Zwingli and carried on his teachings after Zwingli’s capture and execution by Catholic forces. SUBJECT: Swiss Reformation 500 400 300 200 100

  10. Where was Geneva Switzerland? MAIN This is the city where John Calvin set up his theocracy or “ City of God” . SUBJECT: Swiss Reformation 500 400 300 200 100

  11. What was the “Institutes of The Christian Religion” MAIN This was John Calvin’s masterwork that dealt with the Apostles Creed and was divided into the sections Father, Son, Holy Spirit, and The Church. SUBJECT: Swiss Reformation 500 400 300 200 100

  12. What was predestination? MAIN This was Calvin’s theory that the elect conformed one’s every action to God’s law. The truly elect should live in a moral God pleasing way. SUBJECT: Swiss Reformation 500 400 300 200 100

  13. Where was Munster, Germany? MAIN This was the German city that became the first Anabaptist theocracy and was surrounded by Protestant and Catholic armies and destroyed and the leaders executed. SUBJECT: Anabaptists 500 400 300 200 100

  14. Who was Menno Simons? MAIN He was the moderate Anabaptist leader who, after the execution of radical anabaptists, withdrew into an agrarian life of humility and separation from the outside world. SUBJECT: Anabaptists 500 400 300 200 100

  15. Who was Michael Servetus? MAIN He was the leader of Antitrinitarians who was condemned by the Spanish Inquisition and fled to Geneva only to be executed by John Calvin. SUBJECT: Anabaptists 500 400 300 200 100

  16. What was Zurich and they were led by Conrad Grebel a former associate of Zwingli? MAIN This was the city where anabaptism first began and the leader of this movement, known as the Swiss Brethren. SUBJECT: Anabaptists 500 400 300 200 100

  17. What was re-baptism as an adult, no affiliation with a country or their laws, polygamy, no private property, and prediction of the immediacy of the second coming of Christ. MAIN These were some of the practices of the Anabaptists of Munster that caused concern and condemnation by both catholic and protestant leaders. SUBJECT: Anabaptists 500 400 300 200 100

  18. Who was Catherine of Aragon? MAIN She was the aunt of Charles V, and daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella who was the first wife of Henry VIII and the mother of Mary Tudor. SUBJECT: Anglican Reformation 500 400 300 200 100

  19. What was the Book of Common Prayer? MAIN This was the text used by the Anglican Church and written by Thomas Cramner and revised by subsequent Anglican leaders. SUBJECT: Anglican Reformation 500 400 300 200 100

  20. Who was Anne Boleyn? MAIN This was the mother of Queen Elizabeth I and the second wife of Henry VIII who was beheaded for adultery. SUBJECT: Anglican Reformation 500 400 300 200 100

  21. What was the Act of Supremacy? MAIN This was the royal decree that all those loyal to Henry VIII were forced to sign recognizing Henry VIII as the head of the Anglican Church. SUBJECT: Anglican Reformation 500 400 300 200 100

  22. Who was Katherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr? MAIN These were the wives of Henry VIII in order. SUBJECT: Anglican Reformation 500 400 300 200 100

  23. What was the Council of Trent? MAIN This was the meeting set up to reform the Catholic Church and took place from 1545 – 1563 and banned indulgences. SUBJECT:Counter-Reformation 500 400 300 200 100

  24. Who was Pope Paul III? MAIN He was the pope that drove the Catholic Counter Reformation and convened the Council of Trent. 500 SUBJECT: Counter-Reformation 400 300 200 100

  25. Who was Johann Reuchlin? MAIN He was Europe’s foremost authority on Hebrew and Jewish teachings who was criticized by Catholic scholars but was defended by German Humanists. 500 SUBJECT: Counter-Reformation 400 300 200 100

  26. Who was Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros? MAIN He was the Spanish Catholic cleric who used humanist ideas to reform Catholic Spain by creating the University at Alcala and writing the Complutensian Polyglot Bible. 500 SUBJECT: Counter-Reformation 400 300 200 100

  27. Who was Rudolf Agricola? MAIN He was known as the father of German Humanism and returned from Italy and introduced Italian humanist ideas to Germany. 500 SUBJECT: Counter-Reformation 400 300 200 100