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A.P. European History Absolutism v Constitutionalism . European Governments. The Stuarts. 100. 200. 300. 400. 500. England Limited Monarchy. 100. 200. 300. 400. 500. France Absolutism . 100. 200. 300. 400. 500. Odds & Ends . 100. 200. 300. 400. 500. Eastern Europe .

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Presentation Transcript
european governments
European Governments

The Stuarts

100

200

300

400

500

England Limited

Monarchy

100

200

300

400

500

France

Absolutism

100

200

300

400

500

Odds & Ends

100

200

300

400

500

Eastern

Europe

100

200

300

400

500

who was james i or james vi of scotland
Who was James I (or James VI of Scotland)?

MAIN

He was the first Stuart King of England as well as the King of Scotland who alienated Parliament with his firm belief in the Divine Right of Kings.

SUBJECT: The Stuarts

500

400

300

200

100

who was mary ii of william and mary fame
Who was Mary II of William and Mary fame?

MAIN

She was the eldest daughter of James II of England who married the Protestant Stadtholder of the Netherlands in 1677.

SUBJECT: The Stuarts

500

400

300

200

100

what was the petition of right
What was the Petition of Right?

MAIN

This was the document limiting the power of the English King, presented to Charles I in 1628, when he needed money to finance his foreign wars.

500

400

SUBJECT: The Stuarts

300

200

100

who were the whigs and the tories
Who were the Whigs and the Tories?

MAIN

These were the two political parties formed during the reign of Charles II one the opposition party to the King and the other loyal to the King.

500

400

SUBJECT: The Stuarts

300

200

100

what was the treaty of dover
What was the Treaty of Dover?

MAIN

This was James II deal with Louis XIV where England would be given money, in return, for when things are right, he turns England Catholic.

500

400

SUBJECT: The Stuarts

300

200

100

what was the english bill of rights in 1689
What was the English Bill of Rights in 1689?

MAIN

This was the document that William and Mary recognized and signed that limited the power of the English King and guaranteed certain civil liberties to England’s elite.

SUBJECT: England Limited Monarchy

500

400

300

200

100

what was the rump parliament

MAIN

What was the Rump Parliament ?

This was the name given to the remnants of the English legislative assembly that were left when Royalist and moderates were barred from participating by Colonel Thomas Pride in 1648.

SUBJECT: England Limited Monarchy

500

400

300

200

100

what was the new model army
What was the New Model Army?

MAIN

This was the name of the Puritan Army which was reorganized and turned into a formidable fighting force by Oliver Cromwell.

SUBJECT: England Limited Monarchy

500

400

300

200

100

who was robert walpole
Who was Robert Walpole?

MAIN

Under George I, he was the first person in the Prime Minister position, which was created to control the House of Commons, foreign affairs and maintain general peace.

SUBJECT: England Limited Monarchy

500

400

300

200

100

what was the test act of 1672
What was the Test Act of 1672?

MAIN

This was the law passed by the English Parliament that required all officials of the crown civil and military to swear an oath against the doctrine of transubstantiation.

SUBJECT: England Limited Monarchy

500

400

300

200

100

what was the palace of versailles
What was the Palace of Versailles?

MAIN

This was the elaborate palace built by Louis XIV and used to limit the power of the nobility by requiring many nobles to be present at court and to follow elaborate court protocol.

SUBJECT: France - Absolutism

500

400

300

200

100

who was cardinal richelieu
Who was Cardinal Richelieu?

MAIN

He was the brilliant chief minister of Louis XIII who made the French Monarch the most powerful king in Europe.

SUBJECT: France - Absolutism

500

400

300

200

100

who was cardinal jules mazarin
Who was Cardinal Jules Mazarin?

MAIN

He was the brilliant successor to Richelieu, a cardinal, former soldier, and educated by the Jesuit’s who was Louis XIV’s chief minister during his regency.

SUBJECT: France - Absolutism

500

400

300

200

100

who was jean colbert no relation to stephen
Who was Jean Colbert ? (no relation to Stephen)

MAIN

He was the brilliant finance minister of Louis XIV who used mercantilism or state control of the economy that maximized exports and amassed gold and silver bullion.

SUBJECT: France - Absolutism

500

400

300

200

100

what was the war of devolution
What was the War of Devolution?

MAIN

This was the first great foreign adventure of Louis XIV to take control of the Spanish Netherlands by right of his wife’s claims to Philip IV, the Spanish King.

500

SUBJECT: France - Absolutism

400

300

200

100

what was the glorious revolution
What was the Glorious Revolution?

MAIN

This was the name given to almost bloodless overthrow of James II of England by Parliament and William and Mary.

SUBJECT: Odds & Ends

500

400

300

200

100

what was the war of the spanish succession
What was the War of the Spanish Succession?

MAIN

This was the war that France fought in 1701 with The Grand Alliance, ( The Holy Roman Empire, Holland and England) that sought to maintain a balance of power in Europe.

SUBJECT: Odds & Ends

500

400

300

200

100

what was the fronde
What was The Fronde?

MAIN

These were a series of rebellions against the King of France organized by French nobles and the Paris mob that forced Louis XIV, his mother, and Cardinal Mazarin to flee Paris.

SUBJECT: Odds & Ends

500

400

300

200

100

who were the jansenists and jansenism
Who were the Jansenists and Jansenism?

MAIN

This was the name given to the French opponents centered around the city of Port Royal who were opposed to the theological or religious thinking of the Jesuits.

SUBJECT: Odds & Ends

500

400

300

200

100

who was bishop bossuet
Who was Bishop Bossuet?

MAIN

He created ‘divine right’… power from God to rule earth on his behalf. Huguenots resist this type of rule!!!!

SUBJECT: Odds & Ends

500

400

300

200

100

what was the pragmatic sanction
What was the Pragmatic Sanction?

MAIN

This was the agreement that Charles VI of Austria had the rulers of Europe sign in order to allow his daughter to rule the Austrian Empire.

SUBJECT: Eastern Europe

500

400

300

200

100

who were the junkers
Who were the Junkers?

MAIN

These were the nobles of Prussia who agreed to follow the Hohnezollern rule in exchange for absolute power over their serfs.

SUBJECT: Eastern Europe

500

400

300

200

100

who was frederick william the great elector
Who was Frederick William (The Great Elector)?

MAIN

He was the ruler of Brandenburg – Prussia in 1640 – 1688 who was the first to begin to consolidate Hohenzollern lands into what would become the nation state of Prussia.

SUBJECT: Eastern Europe

500

400

300

200

100

who was leopold i of austria hapsburg
Who was Leopold I of Austria (Hapsburg)?

MAIN

He was the Austrian Emperor who was able to have his domains in Hungary recognized by the Ottoman Turks and resisted the power of Louis XIV as well as conquer most of the Balkan Peninsula and parts of Romania.

SUBJECT: Eastern Europe

500

400

300

200

100

who was frederick william i
Who was Frederick William I?

MAIN

He was the Prussian leader who increased the size of the Prussian army to become one of the largest in Europe and formed the General Directory to improve the efficiency of his government.

500

SUBJECT: Eastern Europe

400

300

200

100