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MANAGING COMPANY TACTICAL OPERATIONS: TACTICS. MODULE 1: INTRODUCTION. Module 1 Overview. OBJECTIVES. Explain the purpose and use of the Communications Model and the Quick Access Prefire Plan in tactical operations at fire incidents. Communications Review of Quick Access Prefire Plan (QAP).

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Presentation Transcript
objectives

Module 1Overview

OBJECTIVES

Explain the purpose and use of the Communications Model and the Quick Access Prefire Plan in tactical operations at fire incidents.

Communications Review of Quick Access Prefire Plan (QAP)

Define the relationship between incident priorities, strategy, tactics, and implementation.

Review of the Command

Sequence

Risk/Benefit Evaluation

objectives1

Module 1Overview

OBJECTIVES

Select the appropriate strategic mode, based upon consideration of risk/benefit and available resources.

Strategic Model

Describe the six steps required to implement the

Tactical Action Model.

Tactical Action Model

Apparatus Placement

List the factors on which apparatus placement is based.

slide6

PREPARATION

MANAGING

COMPANY

TACTICAL

OPERATIONS

TACTICS

DECISIONMAKING

mcto preparation
MCTO: Preparation

Module 1: Roles and Responsibilities

Module 2: Readiness

Module 3: Communication

Module 4: Building Construction and Fire Behavior Factors

Module 5: Preincident Preparation

mcto decisionmaking
MCTO: Decisionmaking

Module 1: The Command Sequence

Module 2: Sizeup

Module 3: Developing an Action Plan

Module 4: Implementing the Action Plan

Module 5: Introduction to the Incident Command System

mcto tactics
MCTO: Tactics

Module 1: Introduction

Module 2: Ventilation and Rescue

Module 3: Fire Confinement and Extinguishment

Module 4: Water Supply and Exposure Protection

Module 5: Salvage, Overhaul, and Support Activities

Module 6: Private Dwelling Simulations

course goal
Course Goal

MCTO: Tactics is designed to develop the management skills needed by Company Officers to accomplish assigned tactics at structure fires

target audience
Target Audience
  • Company Officers
    • Specifically for newly appointed officers
    • Review for experienced officers
  • Firefighters who may have acting Company Officer responsibilities
activities and scenarios
Activities and Scenarios

All activities and scenarios used in this course are based on structure fires in buildings of three stories or less

slide13
Note-Taking Guide
  • Text
  • Activities
the communications model
THE COMMUNICATIONS MODEL

TRANSFER

THROUGH

MEDIUM

RECEIVE

SEND

UNDERSTAND

FORMULATE

FEEDBACK

slide18

1233 Main Street

2-Story "ordinary" construction with basement.

Beam and rafter, 1" x 8" sheathing, composition covering.

2" x 10" joist; 1" x 6" sheathing.

Mercantile "men's clothing" 1 Rescue, 2 Engines, 1 Ladder

Large amount of rental clothing stored in basement.

1,500 gpm

Main St. & 29th Ave.

25% 50% 75% 100%

800 1,600 2,400 3,200

Rapid horizontal and vertical spread.

Rescue, confinement, ventilation, extinguishment.

Only one access/egress to basement and second floor.

No No No

command sequence incident priorities
Command Sequence-- Incident Priorities
  • Life safety
  • Incident stabilization
  • Property conservation
command sequence incident priorities cont d
Command Sequence-- Incident Priorities (cont'd)
  • Define the mission of the fire department
  • Basis of command sequence
command sequence
Command Sequence

A three-phase decisionmaking process used to determine how incident priorities are achieved.

slide23

SIZEUP

INCIDENT

PRIORITIES

(mission)

COMMAND SEQUENCE (cont'd)

command sequence cont d
COMMAND SEQUENCE (cont'd)

SIZEUP

INCIDENT

PRIORITIES

(mission)

PROBLEM

ID

command sequence cont d1

SIZEUP

INCIDENT

PRIORITIES

(mission)

PROBLEM

ID

STRATEGY/

TACTICS

COMMAND SEQUENCE (cont'd)
command sequence cont d2

SIZEUP

PROBLEM

ID

INCIDENT

PRIORITIES

(mission)

STRATEGY/

TACTICS

ACTION

PLAN

COMMAND SEQUENCE (cont'd)
command sequence cont d3

SIZEUP

PROBLEM

ID

INCIDENT

PRIORITIES

(mission)

STRATEGY/

TACTICS

ACTION

PLAN

COMMAND SEQUENCE (cont'd)

IMPLEMENTATION

command sequence cont d4

SIZEUP

TASKS

PROBLEM

ID

INCIDENT

PRIORITIES

(mission)

IMPLEMENTATION

STRATEGY/

TACTICS

ACTION

PLAN

COMMAND SEQUENCE (cont'd)
slide29

Conditions: Alarm at 0245 hours. Fire on floor 1 of a 2-story single-family dwelling of wood-frame construction. Victim reported on 2nd floor.

slide30

Problems: Rescue of possible victim(s), fire on 1st floor, and spread of heat, smoke, and fire to 2nd floor, additional damage to structure.

slide31

Initial Strategy:

  • Rescue victim on 2nd floor and conduct primary search.
slide32

Tactics:

  • Primary search entire dwelling.
  • Evacuate occupants.
  • Protect means of egress from 2nd floor.
  • Horizontal ventilation.
slide33
Conduct right-hand search on 2nd floor.
  • Do primary search of 1st floor.
  • Advance 1-3/4" handline between fire and stairway.
  • Provide 1-3/4" protective line for search crew.
  • Provide positive-pressure horizontal ventilation on 1st and 2nd floors.
  • Place ladder to 2nd floor window away from fire for secondary means of egress.
risk benefit evaluation1
Risk/Benefit Evaluation
  • IC must determine if risks taken are worth the benefits gained
  • COs must also make risk/benefit judgments
  • COs must be sensitive to and communicate changing conditions to those potentially affected
strategic mode1
Strategic Mode

Choice based on:

  • Risk/Benefit evaluation
  • Assessment of required and available resources
strategic modes
Strategic Modes
  • Offensive
  • Defensive
  • Transitional
tactical action model1
Tactical Action Model
  • Six-step process
  • CO receives and implements a tactical or task order
receive a tactical or task order step 1
Receive a Tactical or Task Order--(Step 1)
  • Assignment of tactic

or

  • Assignment of tasks
conduct a tactical sizeup step 2
Conduct a Tactical Sizeup--(Step 2)
  • Assign resources based on key tactical decisions and on available resources
  • Sizeup provides information to make tactical decisions
  • Sizeup affects tactical assignment
  • Identify tactical problems
  • Prioritize tactical problems
  • Evaluate resources
assign tasks step 3
Assign Tasks--(Step 3)
  • The CO assigns tasks to firefighters
  • Firefighters operate within plan established by CO
  • Standard tactical evolutions simplify task assignments
  • Communications must be clear and specific
take action step 4
Take Action—(Step 4)
  • Complete the tactical assignment
  • Maintain crew integrity
  • Communicate to coordinate
evaluate tactical operations step 5
Evaluate Tactical Operations--(Step 5)
  • Is it working?
  • Do I need more resources?
  • Can I release any resources?
  • Is there any hazard that prevents completion of my assignment?
report to supervisor step 6
Report to Supervisor--(Step 6)
  • When tactical assignment cannot be completed
  • When assignment is completed
  • When additional resources are needed to complete assignment
report to supervisor cont d
Report to Supervisor (cont'd)
  • When resources can be released
  • When emergency or hazardous condition exists that affects tactical assignment
  • On a periodic basic
tactical action model summary
Tactical Action Model Summary

Step 1: Receive tactical or task order

Step 2: Conduct a tactical sizeup

Step 3: Assign tasks

Step 4: Take action to complete tactical assignment

Step 5: Evaluate effectiveness of tactical operations

Step 6: Report to supervisor on effectiveness of tactical operations

apparatus placement1
Apparatus Placement

Based on fire factors:

  • Strategic mode
  • SOPs for first-arriving companies
  • Prearranged staging procedures Direct order from IC
  • Decision made by CO upon arrival
placement considerations
Placement Considerations
  • General considerations
  • Critical operational factors
  • General rules
  • Tactical assignments that dictate placement
summary
Summary
  • Communication
  • Review of Quick Access Prefire Plan (QAP)
  • Review of command sequence
  • Risk/Benefit evaluation
summary cont d
Summary (cont'd)
  • Strategic mode
  • Tactical Action Model
  • Apparatus placement