Estructura I: Describing recent actions, events, and conditions: the present perfect tense - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Estructura I: Describing recent actions, events, and conditions: the present perfect tense PowerPoint Presentation
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Estructura I: Describing recent actions, events, and conditions: the present perfect tense
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Estructura I: Describing recent actions, events, and conditions: the present perfect tense

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  1. Estructura I: Describing recent actions, events, and conditions: the present perfect tense • He buceado y he corrido las olas. Tú y yo hemos jugado al vólibol. • He esquiado en el agua, pero no he corrido las olas.

  2. Estructura I: Describing recent actions, events, and conditions: the present perfect tense • Present perfect • used to describe what has and has not happened recently • Yo he comido. • I have eaten. • Nosotros hemos estudiado mucho. • We have studied a lot lately.

  3. Estructura I: Describing recent actions, events, and conditions: the present perfect tense • Present perfect vs. preterite • preterite action • time-specific, beginning or completed action in the past • Yo comí a las 7:00. • present perfect • merely establishes that an action has taken place sometime in the recent past • Yo he comido.

  4. How to form the present perfect • haber(to have) • auxiliary verb • haber + past participle • formation of the present participle (verb stem + past participle ending*) • based on infinitive ending (-ar, -er, -ir) of the participle verb

  5. How to form the present perfect he has ha hemos habeis han ado ido ido habl com viv } + To form the past participle, add the following to the stem -ar -er/-ir ado ido

  6. Present perfect: puntos especiales • Past participles with accent marks • several -er and -ir verbs like leer, creer, traer • I have read the book. • Yo he leído el libro. ¡A traducir! I have arrived. We haven’t studied. Have you worked today? They have brought the food. Yo he llegado. No hemos estudiado. ¿Has trabajado hoy? Han traído la comida.

  7. Present perfect: puntos especiales Irregular past participles Infinitive Past participle abrir decir escribir hacer morir poner ver volver abierto dicho escrito hecho muerto puesto visto vuelto