estructura i describing recent actions events and conditions the present perfect tense n.
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Estructura I: Describing recent actions, events, and conditions: the present perfect tense. He buceado y he corrido las olas. Tú y yo hemos jugado al vólibol. He esquiado en el agua, pero no he corrido las olas.

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estructura i describing recent actions events and conditions the present perfect tense
Estructura I: Describing recent actions, events, and conditions: the present perfect tense
  • He buceado y he corrido las olas.

Tú y yo hemos jugado al vólibol.

  • He esquiado en el agua, pero no he corrido las olas.
estructura i describing recent actions events and conditions the present perfect tense1
Estructura I: Describing recent actions, events, and conditions: the present perfect tense
  • Present perfect
    • used to describe what has and has not happened recently
          • Yo he comido.
          • I have eaten.
          • Nosotros hemos estudiado mucho.
          • We have studied a lot lately.
estructura i describing recent actions events and conditions the present perfect tense2
Estructura I: Describing recent actions, events, and conditions: the present perfect tense
  • Present perfect vs. preterite
    • preterite action
      • time-specific, beginning or completed action in the past
          • Yo comí a las 7:00.
    • present perfect
      • merely establishes that an action has taken place sometime in the recent past
          • Yo he comido.
how to form the present perfect
How to form the present perfect
  • haber(to have)
    • auxiliary verb
      • haber + past participle
    • formation of the present participle

(verb stem + past participle ending*)

        • based on infinitive ending (-ar, -er, -ir) of the participle verb
how to form the present perfect1
How to form the present perfect

he

has

ha

hemos

habeis

han

ado

ido

ido

habl

com

viv

} +

To form the past participle, add the following to the stem

-ar

-er/-ir

ado

ido

present perfect puntos especiales
Present perfect: puntos especiales
  • Past participles with accent marks
    • several -er and -ir verbs like leer, creer, traer
          • I have read the book.
          • Yo he leído el libro.

¡A traducir!

I have arrived.

We haven’t studied.

Have you worked today?

They have brought the food.

Yo he llegado.

No hemos estudiado.

¿Has trabajado hoy?

Han traído la comida.

present perfect puntos especiales1
Present perfect: puntos especiales

Irregular past participles

Infinitive Past participle

abrir

decir

escribir

hacer

morir

poner

ver

volver

abierto

dicho

escrito

hecho

muerto

puesto

visto

vuelto