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ECENA Study Tour – Copenhagen 19 nd June 2006 Environmental inspection system in Denmark Gudmund Nielsen, DEPA PowerPoint Presentation
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ECENA Study Tour – Copenhagen 19 nd June 2006 Environmental inspection system in Denmark Gudmund Nielsen, DEPA. Environmental administrative system The Environmental Protection Act Environmental inspectors work Minimum frequencies for inspection

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slide1
ECENA Study Tour – Copenhagen 19nd June 2006Environmental inspection system in DenmarkGudmund Nielsen, DEPA
  • Environmental administrative system
  • The Environmental Protection Act
  • Environmental inspectors work
  • Minimum frequencies for inspection
  • Planning and prioritising inspection (differentiated inspection)
  • Benchmarking of inspectorates
slide2

The Environmental Protection System in Denmark

  • contact to parliament
  • statutory orders
  • circulars

MINISTER

ENVIRONMENTAL APPEAL BOARD

80 pers.

Second instance of appeal

DANISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (DEPA)

  • advising the Minister
  • preparation of bills
  • instructions and guidance
  • instance of appeal
  • marine environment
  • chemicals
  • summary of environmental conditions
  • investigations
  • international work

285 pers.

275 MUNICIPALITIES

14 COUNTIES

  • most industrial plants (app. 80.000) & all
  • griculture (70.000 animal farms) – inspec-
  • tion and approval
  • county plants
  • neighbour complaints
  • waste (collection, treatment and depositing)
  • wastewater cleaning
  • drinking water
  • local planning
  • 2.700 most environmental complicated
  • industrial plants - inspection and
  • approval
  • municipal plants
  • monitoring environment
  • mapping groundwater resources
  • chemical waste sites
  • nature conservation
  • regional planning

1.000 pers.

900 pers.

slide3

The Environmental Protection System in Denmark 2007

  • contact to parliament
  • statutory orders
  • circulars

MINISTER

ENVIRONMENTAL APPEAL BOARD

80 pers.

First and final instance of appeal

DANISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (DEPA)

  • advising the Minister
  • preparation of bills
  • instructions and guidance
  • marine environment
  • chemicals
  • summary of environmental conditions
  • investigations
  • international work

285 pers.

7 STATE INSPECTORATES

  • 215 environmental complicated
  • industrial sites - inspection and
  • approval
  • municipal plants (wastewater
  • treatment plants, Incinerators etc.)
  • mapping groundwater resources
  • nature conservation (Natura 2000,
  • Water Frameword Directive etc.)

98 MUNICIPALITIES

  • most industrial plants (IPPC and other)
  • & agriculture (IPPC and other) - inspection
  • and approval
  • neighbour complaints
  • waste (collection and depositing)
  • wastewater treatment
  • drinking water
  • local and regional planning
  • monitoring environment

700 pers.

1.200 pers.

danish environmental protection act
Danish Environmental Protection Act

Objectives to:

  • prevent and abate pollution
  • make regulation
  • reduce use and waste of resources
  • strengthen cleaner technology
  • strengthen recycling
slide5

The environmental solutions have changed

  • Dilution
  • Purification
  • BAT
  • Sustainability
  • Higher smokestacks
  • Reduced concentrations
  • End of pipe purification
  • Cleaner technology
  • Best av. cleaning tech.
  • Life cycle concept
  • (Product policy)
slide6

The environmental solutions have changed

1973

Dilution

1980

Purification

???

2001

C.T.(1991) BAT

SUSTAINABILITY

Life cycle concept

Product policy

slide7

Role of the env. authority

  • Approving: permits/licenses
  • Enforcing: inspection and control
  • Advisory: voluntary dialogue on
  • better env.performance, e.g. cleaner
  • production, env. management
  • schemes etc.
national minimum frequencies for total inspections
National minimum frequencies for total inspections
  • Licensed installations – appr. 7.000 (IPPC or national regulation): 100 % in 3 years
  • Installations regulated by specific branch orders and installations on a specific inspection list – appr. 15.000: 100 % in 4 years
  • Animal farms except IPPC – appr. 40.000:

100 % in 6 years

slide9
A ”TOTAL INSPECTION” = ”Checking all relevant environmental matters at the installation (industrial plant or animal farm)”
  • Responsibility of the env. authority that all relevant environmental matters are checked by 1 total inspection
  • Authority guarantees in reporting to DEPA that the quality of the single inspection is OK
  • National minimum frequencies for total inspections
slide10
Purpose of differentiated inspection:- prioritizing inspection resources depending on company’s environmental performance

Level 3

Level 2

Level 1

Company’s environmental effort

Authority’s inspection effort

Minimum frequency for total inspection

depa guideline on differentiated inspection a resource prioritizing tool
DEPA guideline on differentiated inspection - a resource prioritizing tool

Categorizing industry and farms into level 1, 2 or 3 depending on:

  • System in environmental work
  • Information to authority
  • Compliance with environmental regulation
including pollution risk etc in the overall prioritization
Including pollution risk etc. in the overall prioritization
  • Installation’s potential for pollution - including risk in relation to the location
  • Authority’s environmental control campaigns or tracking down of polluting sources
example on distribution of resources
Example on distribution of resources

Average distribution of inspection resources per type of installation for 1 total inspection, compared to categorisation

impel report on benchmarking of environmental inspectorates
IMPEL Report on Benchmarking of Environmental Inspectorates

Why benchmarking?

  • To promote uniformity in inspection approach
  • To make inspection procedures more transparent
  • To make inspectorates’ decisions more uniform
  • To stimulate efficiency in inspectorates
ideas of parameters input output or outcome suitable for benchmarking
Ideas of parameters ( input, output or outcome) - suitable for benchmarking
  • Resources - staffing, equipment, salaries etc.
  • Average time for licensing/inspection etc.
  • Education level/variety of education in inspectorate
  • Proportion of installations for inspection/inspector
  • Proportion of permits with public participation
  • Customers’ (companies’) satisfaction
  • Quality and quantity of public relations (press information, prints, websites etc.)
  • Auditing of licenses/inspections
  • Risk classification systems for prioritisation
  • Positive changes of operators’ behaviour
  • Better EMS in comparable installations
  • Etc.
how to connecting goals targets with parameters indicators
How to connecting goals/targets with parameters/indicators

1. Goals/targets (what to achieve?)

2. Justification (why?)

3. Parameter (what to measure)

4. Indicator (Are we on the right track?)

5. Means of verification (How to measure)

6. Barriers/obstacles?

slide23

Existing or planned quality measurement systems in environmetal inspectorates (national and/or regional and/or local authorities)

  • Benchmarking of inspectorates
  • Quality system (ISO 9000, EMAS)
  • Quality ensurance procedures
  • Training in inspection principles
  • Inspection and planning procedures/guidelines
  • Multi-agency enforcement actions
  • Registration and reporting systems (number, time,
  • costs etc. per main item)