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Phrases and Clauses

Phrases and Clauses

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Phrases and Clauses

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  1. Phrases and Clauses

  2. Prepositional Phrases: Review

  3. Prepositional Phrases: 2nd Attributive

  4. Participial Phrases: Second Attributive

  5. Participial Phrases: Substantival

  6. Relative Clauses • Acts 4:10 • “By the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom (ὃν) you crucified, whom (ὃν) God raised from the dead, by him this man is standing before you healthy.”

  7. Reverse Interlinear οὗτος σέσωται, 10 γνωστὸν ἔστω πᾶσιν ὑμῖν καὶ παντὶ this man has been healed, let it be known let it be to you all to you and to all 4047 5392 1639 1639 1639 1196 1639 7007 7007 4246 7007 2779 4246 r.nsm v.rpi.3s a.nsn v.pam.3s a.dpm r.dp.2 cj a.dsm τῷ λαῷ Ἰσραὴλ ὅτι ἐν τ ῷ ὀνόματι ᾿Ιησοῦ Χριστοῦ τοῦ Ναζωραίου ὃν ὑμεῖς the people of Israel that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you 3836 3295 2702 4022 1877 3836 3950 2652 5986 3836 3717 4005 7007 d.dsm n.dsm n.gsm cj p.d d.dsn n.dsn n.gsm n.gsm d.gsm n.gsm r.asm r.np.2 ἐσταυρώσατε, ὃν ὁ θεὸς ἤγειρεν ἐκ νεκρῶν, ἐν τούτῳ οὗτος παρέστηκεν crucified, whom {the} God raised from the dead, by him this man is standing 5090 4005 3836 2536 1586 1666 3738 1877 4047 4047 4225 v.aai.2p r.asm d.nsm n.nsm v.aai.3s p.g a.gpm p.d r.dsn r.nsm v.rai.3s ἐνώπιον ὑμῶν ὑγιής. 11 οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ λίθος, ὁ ἐξουθενηθεὶς ὑφ᾿ ὑμῶν τῶν before you healthy. This is the stone that was rejected by you, the 1967 7007 5618 4047 1639 3836 3345 3836 2024 5679 7007 3836 p.g r.gp.2 a.nsm r.nsm v.pai.3s d.nsm n.nsm d.nsm pt.ap.nsm p.g r.gp.2 d.gpm

  8. Replace with Antecedent • Rom 4:18 • “Against all hope, Abraham (ὅς) in hope believed and so became the father of many nations” (ΝΙV).

  9. Replace with Antecedent • Col 1:15 • “The Son (ὅς) is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation” (NIV).

  10. Conditional Sentences • If (protasis) • Then (apodosis) • Four categories (no full example of fourth)

  11. First Class • εἰ in the protasis • Truth of the protasis is assumed for the sake of the argument

  12. First Class • Matt 5:30 • “If (εἰ) your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away from you.”

  13. First Class • 1 Cor 15:13 • “If (εἰ) there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Christ has been raised.”

  14. First Class • 1 Thess 4:14 • “For if (εί) we believe that Jesus died and rose again, so also do we believe that God will bring with him those who have fallen asleep in Jesus.”

  15. Second Class • εἰ in the protasis • Truth of the protasis is assumed to be false for the sake of the argument

  16. Second Class • 1 Cor 2:8 • “None of the rulers of this age understood it, for if (εἰ) they had, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.”

  17. Third Class • ἐάν + subjunctive • Two types • Present general: generic situation in the present time • More probable future: specific situation in future (more probable)

  18. Third Class: Present General • 1 John 1:9 • “If we confess (ἐὰν ὁμολογῶμεν) our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and cleanse us from all unrighteousness.”

  19. Third Class: More Probable • Luke 5:12 • “Lord, if you are willing (ἐὰν θέλῃς), you can make me clean.”