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“Lake Peipsi/River Narva basin – working together on the new Eastern border of the EU”. Harry Liiv Deputy Secretary General on Environmental Management Estonian Ministry of the Environment. Border between Republic of Estonia and Russian Federation is mainly water border :

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lake peipsi river narva basin working together on the new eastern border of the eu

“Lake Peipsi/River Narva basin – working together on the new Eastern border of the EU”

Harry Liiv

Deputy Secretary General on

Environmental ManagementEstonian Ministry of the Environment

slide2

Border between Republic of Estonia and Russian Federation is mainly water border:

total length of border is 460.6 kmfrom which sea border 122.0 km (26 %)inland border 338,6 km (74 %)But also large part of inland border runs on water:

On Lake Peipsi 124.2 km

On River Narva 76.4 km

Total on large waterbodies 200.6 km

So the length of „pure“ inland border is therefore only 138 km, from which

on the small waterbodies is 47 km.

So from inland border 59 % runs on big waterbodies, if we add small

waterbodies then 73 % of inland border runs on waterbodies.

And if we include sea, then total 80% of border between

Republic of Estonia and Russian Federation runs on water.

slide3

Lengthy water border and important water bodies situating

on the border requires comprehensive co-operation

between countries in order to ensure good status and

rational use of water bodies

slide4

Co-operation area - Lake Peipsi/River Narva basin – is situated

in Baltic Sea (Gulf of Finland) basin on the eastern part of

Republic of Estonia and on the northwest part of Russian

Federation and extends from north to south 370 km.

It is boundary area between European Union and Russian Federation.

slide6

Co-operation area is in River Narva basin

Total area of the basin is 56 225 km²

from which on Republic of Estonia is 17 145 km²,

and on the Russian Federation 39 080 km²

(it includes a little part of headwaters of River Velikaja tributaries,

which are situated in the territory of Latvia).

slide7

Important transboundary water bodies between Republic of

Estonia and Russian Federation are:

Lake Peipsi

River Narva and Narva reservoir

lake peipsi
Lake Peipsi
  • Lake Peipsi is fourth largest lake in Europeand at the same time it is largesttransboundary lake in Europe
  • Total area of Lake Peipsi on its average water level is 3 555 km², 44 % of the lake is situated in Republic of Estonia and 56 % in Russian Federation
  • Lake Peipsi is the best fish lake in the world
river narva
River Narva
  • River Narva is short river (77 km) but its quite affluent, its average water flow is 400 m³/s, yearly outflow is 12.5 km³
  • 85 % of the River Narva basin forms Lake Peipsi basin (including lake area). From tributaries the most important is River Pljussa on the territory of Russian Federation (its basin area is 6550 km², mean water flow is 50 m³/s).
river narva10
River Narva
  • Narva River has energetic importance: on the river there is Narva hydroenergy plant which belongs to Russian Federation with total power 125 MW. On the Republic of Estonia there are two powerful heat energy plants with total power 2400 MW, water from River Narva is used for their system cooling purposes.
  • Water uptake from River Narva is used for drinking water in Narva (which population is 70 000)
basis for co operation
Basis for co-operation
  • 1992 Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes
  • 1999 Protocol on Water and Health of the 1992 Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes
  • 1997 Agreement Between Republic of Estonia and Russian Federation on the Protection and Sustainable Use of Transboundary Watercourses
  • 1994 Agreement Between Republic of Estonia and Russian Federation on the Conservation and Use of Fish Resources in Lake Peipsi, Lake Lämmijärv and Lake Pihkva
slide12

Joint commission between Republic of Estonia and Russian Federation on the protection and sustainable use oftransboundary water courses

  • was formed in 1997 based on the 1997 Agreement Between Republic of Estonia and Russian Federation on the Protection and Sustainable Use of Transboundary Watercourses.
slide13

Joint commission between Republic of Estonia and Russian Federation on the protection and sustainable use oftransboundary water courses

Co-chairs

Members of the joint commission

Secretaries

slide14

Joint commission between Republic of Estonia and Russian Federation on the protection and sustainable use oftransboundary water courses, its working groups

•Working group on integrated water resources management

•Working group on monitoring, assessment and research

working group on integrated water resources management
Working group on integrated water resources management
  • Questions about organisation of water management, elaboration and implementation of water management and water protection programs
  • Analyse and assessment of situation in water management
  • Questions related to hydrotechnical installations
  • Inventory of water pollution sources
  • Elaboration of action plan for extraordinary situations and liquidation results of accidents
  • Exchange of information
  • Ensure public participation
working group on monitoring assessment and research
Working group on monitoring, assessment and research
  • Elaboration of joint monitoring programmes and co-ordination of joint monitoring works
  • Elaboration of agreed standpoints for transboundary waters load, water quality and situation assessment
  • Analyse and assessment of water quality
  • Harmonisation of monitoring programs and methods for water users.
  • Organisation of scientific studies.
  • Elaboration of joint databases.
  • Information of public and counties about status of transboundary waters.
  • Organising parallel sampling of laboratories
main achievements
Main achievements
  • Organisation of comprehensive co-operation, the same understanding of problems and the same targets
  • Systematical exchange of information about situation in water management and water quality
  • Approaching of principles and criteria about situation of water bodies
  • Joint monitoring on Lake Peipsi and on Narva reservoir based on agreed monitoring programme
  • Elaboration of water management plans in both side
problems and questions to be solve
Problems and questions to be solve
  • Achievement of good quality of water bodies
  • Number of scientific studies is quite low
  • Harmonisation of monitoring programmes with international guidelines
  • Implementation of water management plan
  • Accord assessment criteria of the situation of water bodies
  • Ensure comparability of laboratories
  • Elaboration of regulation for Narva reservoir
  • Joint data management and database