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The History of East & SE Asia. A new dynasty comes to power. The emperor reforms the govt. & makes it more efficient. Start here . Emperor is defeated !!. Lives of common people improved; taxes reduced; farming encouraged. The Dynastic Cycle.

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The History


East & SE


A new dynasty comes to power.

The emperorreforms the govt.& makes it moreefficient.

Start here

Emperor isdefeated !!

Lives of common people improved;taxes reduced;farming encouraged.


Rebel bands findstrong leader whounites them.Attack the emperor.

Problems begin(extensive wars,invasions, etc.)

Poor loserespect for govt.They join rebels& attack landlords.

Taxes increase;men forced towork for army.Farming neglected.

Droughts,floods,famines occur.

Govt. increasesspending; corruption.

The Evolution of ChineseWriting during the Shang



Chinese dynasties longest continuous history of any culture
Chinese Dynasties Longest continuous history of any culture.


Shang: 1700’s-1100’s BCE

Irrigation Systems, Calendar (fairly accurate)

Qin (Ch’in): 200’s BCE

1st Imperial dynasty, expanded into E China, ordered “Great Wall” built as protection.

Han: 202 BC – AD 220

strengthened military power

Mongols overthrew the Sung around 1200, ruled until 1279 when the Chinese rebelled. Mongol expansion map

After China drove the Mongols out, China limited outside influence , forbade foreign trade.

Forbidden city chinese imperial palace
Forbidden City: Chinese Imperial Palace


  • Feudal system similar to medieval Europe.

  • Lords fought each other.

  • 1274-1281: united together to fight off the Mongols

  • Drove European invaders out in the 1600’s

Isolationist japan
Isolationist Japan

  • Japan was closed to trade, isolated.

  • The US wanted to open up Tokyo for:

    • Trade

    • Coal/refueling US ships

  • Impact of the 1854 Treaty Signed between Japan & US:

    • Inflation

    • Overthrow of Shogun & Meji restoration: restoring imperial rule, & modernizing Japan

Pearl harbor
Pearl Harbor

  • Japan: allies with Germany & Italy

  • Dec 7, 1941: Japanese attack US Naval Base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

  • RESULT: Brings US into WWII

Atomic bomb of hiroshima nagasaki
Atomic Bomb of Hiroshima & Nagasaki

  • US dropped atomic bombs on Japan: Aug 1945.

  • Japan surrendered & was occupied & assisted in rebuilding by US forces.

  • Japan banned nuclear armament.

Struggle for china
Struggle for China

  • Mao Zedong: communist

  • Chang Kai-Shek fought unsuccessfully to stop the communists.

Communism in china
Communism in China

  • 1st challenge: feed the people…so gov’t organized land into larger farms.

  • Man no longer dominant family member

  • Women worked the fields.

  • To slow the growth of population: 1 child policy.

  • Great Leap Forward: disaster for Mao (pg 623)

  • Cultural Revolution: chaos, closed schools, (pg 623) Intellects killed or sent to work in the countryside

Korean war
Korean War

  • 1950: N. Korea, invaded S. Korea

  • 1953: Threat of a nuclear world war ended the war at a stalemate.

  • RESULT: Demilitarized Zone: 2.5 mile buffer zone at the 38th parallel where troops from neither side are allowed.

  • Unique area: Endangered animals & species thrive.

Vietnam conflict 1946 1973
Vietnam Conflict 1946-1973

  • Vietnam independent from France 1954

  • Split into North: Communist & South: pro-Western govt.

  • US Supported the South.

  • China, Russia Supported the North

  • 1973 Last of the US troops pulled out of Vietnam.

  • North and South Vietnam reunified as a communist state 1975.

Pol pot the killing fields 1975 1979
Pol Pot & The Killing Fields: 1975-1979

  • Killing Fields: mass graves in Cambodia where people were killed/starved & buried by the Khmer Rouge regime during its rule from 1975-1979.

  • Leader was Pol Pot.

  • Goal: form a Communist peasant farming society.

  • Foreigners expelled, & Cambodia was sealed off from the outside world.

Tiananmen square 1989
Tiananmen Square 1989

Pro-democracy reform movement.

Result: Martial Law in China