The History of East & SE Asia
A new dynasty comes to power. The emperorreforms the govt.& makes it moreefficient. Start here Emperor isdefeated !! Lives of common people improved;taxes reduced;farming encouraged. TheDynasticCycle Rebel bands findstrong leader whounites them.Attack the emperor. Problems begin(extensive wars,invasions, etc.) Poor loserespect for govt.They join rebels& attack landlords. Taxes increase;men forced towork for army.Farming neglected. Droughts,floods,famines occur. Govt. increasesspending; corruption.
The Evolution of ChineseWriting during the Shang Pictographs Semantic-Phonetics
Chinese Dynasties Longest continuous history of any culture. DYNASTIES: Shang: 1700’s-1100’s BCE Irrigation Systems, Calendar (fairly accurate) Qin (Ch’in): 200’s BCE 1st Imperial dynasty, expanded into E China, ordered “Great Wall” built as protection. Han: 202 BC – AD 220 strengthened military power Mongols overthrew the Sung around 1200, ruled until 1279 when the Chinese rebelled. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mongol_Empire_map.gif Mongol expansion map After China drove the Mongols out, China limited outside influence , forbade foreign trade.
Japan • Feudal system similar to medieval Europe. • Lords fought each other. • 1274-1281: united together to fight off the Mongols • Drove European invaders out in the 1600’s
Isolationist Japan • Japan was closed to trade, isolated. • The US wanted to open up Tokyo for: • Trade • Coal/refueling US ships • Impact of the 1854 Treaty Signed between Japan & US: • Inflation • Overthrow of Shogun & Meji restoration: restoring imperial rule, & modernizing Japan
Pearl Harbor • Japan: allies with Germany & Italy • Dec 7, 1941: Japanese attack US Naval Base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. • RESULT: Brings US into WWII
Atomic Bomb of Hiroshima & Nagasaki • US dropped atomic bombs on Japan: Aug 1945. • Japan surrendered & was occupied & assisted in rebuilding by US forces. • Japan banned nuclear armament.
Struggle for China • Mao Zedong: communist • Chang Kai-Shek fought unsuccessfully to stop the communists.
Communism in China • 1st challenge: feed the people…so gov’t organized land into larger farms. • Man no longer dominant family member • Women worked the fields. • To slow the growth of population: 1 child policy. • Great Leap Forward: disaster for Mao (pg 623) • Cultural Revolution: chaos, closed schools, (pg 623) Intellects killed or sent to work in the countryside
Korean War • 1950: N. Korea, invaded S. Korea • 1953: Threat of a nuclear world war ended the war at a stalemate. • RESULT: Demilitarized Zone: 2.5 mile buffer zone at the 38th parallel where troops from neither side are allowed. • Unique area: Endangered animals & species thrive.
Vietnam Conflict 1946-1973 • Vietnam independent from France 1954 • Split into North: Communist & South: pro-Western govt. • US Supported the South. • China, Russia Supported the North • 1973 Last of the US troops pulled out of Vietnam. • North and South Vietnam reunified as a communist state 1975.
Pol Pot & The Killing Fields: 1975-1979 • Killing Fields: mass graves in Cambodia where people were killed/starved & buried by the Khmer Rouge regime during its rule from 1975-1979. • Leader was Pol Pot. • Goal: form a Communist peasant farming society. • Foreigners expelled, & Cambodia was sealed off from the outside world.
Tiananmen Square 1989 Pro-democracy reform movement. Result: Martial Law in China