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PIRATES. History and Myth. Real Pirate History. Pirates existed in 1200 BC – Greek Empire Pirates came from all over - Europe, Africa, Asia, and (later in time) the Americas Pirates had many names: Seafaring Thieves, Corsairs, Privateers, Buccaneers, Wokou, etc.

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pirates

PIRATES

History and Myth

real pirate history
Real Pirate History
  • Pirates existed in 1200 BC – Greek Empire
  • Pirates came from all over - Europe, Africa, Asia, and (later in time) the Americas
  • Pirates had many names: Seafaring Thieves, Corsairs, Privateers, Buccaneers, Wokou, etc.
  • Pirates would steal anything (not just gold)
  • Pirates were criminals and most of them died young either in battle or from horrible diseases
  • 17th and 18th centuries were the “Golden Age”
how do pirates fit in with the colonial period
How do Pirates fit in with the Colonial Period?
  • Golden Age 1690-1725
  • More sea travel with colonies
  • Trading- ships with more valuable cargo to plunder
  • Pirates use Caribbean as a place of refuge
  • Europe sent sea robbers to plunder ships of colonial rivals
  • When colonial policies change buccaneers don’t have an income and become illegal pirates
  • America paid tributes to pirates
  • Blackbeard raided along the coast of the southern colonies
  • Pirates and rumors of pirates haunted the southern coast
  • In March 1719 13 pirates were hung in Williamsburg
more than just a flag
More Than Just a Flag
  • There are dozens of different pirate flags
  • Each different flag has a special meaning
  • Pirates sometimes didn’t use their flags or used other nations’ flags to deceive their prey
  • Flags could serve as a warning or as an invitation
water wars
Water Wars
  • Most pirates were so intimidating that the merchant ships wouldn’t put up a fight
  • In the East (Asia) Pirates had whole fleets of ships that fought against each other
  • In the West (Europe) Pirates would pick off their prey one by one
  • Pirates had their own rules of engagement, but would break them frequently
superstitious pirates
Superstitious Pirates
  • Sailors in general are usually superstitious, pirates are even worse (paranoia?)
  • Believed in ghosts and spirits
  • Would keep items they thought to be lucky
  • Everything had a meaning: bells, colors of the sunset & sunrise
  • Women on board a ship was thought to be bad luck (but not always)
some real famous pirates
Some Real Famous Pirates
  • Eustance the Monk – 1170-1217
  • “Blackbeard” (Edward Teach) – 1680-1718
  • “Calico” Jack (Rackham) – ? – 1720
  • Mary Read – 1690-1726
  • Anne Boony – 1697-?
  • John Paul Jones – 1747-1792
  • Rock Braziliano – 1635-1671
  • Sir Francis Drake – 16th century
  • Francis L’Ollonais – 1635-1668
  • Alvida - 6th century
  • Madame Ching – 1785-1844
  • Barbarossa Brothers – 16th century
  • ZhengZhilong – 1604-1661
pirate myths
Pirate Myths

Literature

  • Captain Sharkley
  • Peter Pan
  • Treasure Island

Movies

  • Swiss Family Robinson
  • Pirates of Penzance
  • The Princess Bride
  • Hook
  • Treasure Planet
  • Pirates of the Caribbean
pirate lingo
Pirate Lingo
  • Ahoy! - "Hello!"
  • Avast! - Stop and give attention. It can be used in a sense of surprise, "Whoa! Get a load of that!" which today makes it more of a "Check it out" or "No way!" or "Get off!"
  • Aye! - "Why yes, I agree most heartily with everything you just said or did."
  • Aye aye! - "I'll get right on that sir, as soon as my break is over."
  • Arrr! - This one is often confused with arrrgh, which is of course the sound you make when you sit on a belaying pin. "Arrr!" can mean, variously, "yes," "I agree," "I'm happy," "My team is going to win it all," "I saw that television show, it sucked!" and "That was a clever remark you or I just made." And those are just a few of the myriad possibilities of Arrr!
you be the pirate
You be the Pirate
  • Choose a pirate name
  • Design a pirate flag
  • Create a short background story
  • Be ready to share your own pirate history
  • Share which colonial city you would raid and why